Community, gender and technology
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Community, gender and technology

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  • Notas para el Instructor Introducción En esta unidad se busca establecer las relaciones entre las tecnologías de la información y comunicación y las comunidades beneficiarias, incluyendo aspectos de género. Duración 2h Contenido y principales tópicos cubiertos - Inclusión en la sociedad de la información y del conocimiento - Aporte de las TIC en el desarrollo de las comunidades - Igualdad de oportunidades en la sociedad de la información y del conocimiento Tipo de Audiencia Comunidades interesadas en la implementación de proyectos de TIC para el desarrollo, gerentes de proyecto y profesionales involucrados en la ejecución de proyectos de TIC Prerequisitos habilidades/conocimientos Ninguno Objetivos de la Unidad /Resultados previstos Analizar la forma en que las tecnologías de la información y comunicación pueden incidir en los procesos de desarrollo de las comunidades Considerar la perspectiva de género en el uso y apropiación de la tecnología Actividades previas al taller Ninguna Notas sobre el uso de ejercicios Realizar ejercicios en pequeños grupos compuestos por participantes con diferentes perfiles. Contar con los ejercicios impresos. Discutir y presentar las conclusiones en grupo. Recursos incluidos en esta unidad Guía Ejercicios Recursos adionales para instructores Equipos necesarios Ninguno Comentarios

Community, gender and technology Community, gender and technology Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 18 Community, ICTs and Gender Developed by: APC Women's Networking Support Programme (APC WNSP-LAC) Dafne Sabanes Plou [email_address]
  • Objectives
    • Analyse the ways in which information and communication technologies affect the process of human development in the communities.
    • Consider gender perspective in order to achieve fairness and equality of opportunit ies between women and men in the use and appropriation of technology.
  • Table of contents
    • Introduction
    • Inclusion
    • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
    • Equality of opportunit ies in the information and knowledge society
    View slide
  • Introduction
    • ICTs
      • Make community contributions visible
      • Reinforce communication rights
      • Pervade frontiers
      • Influence: politics, attitudes, behaviour
      • Must represent plurality
    View slide
  • Introduction
    • Communication rights
    • Unalienable human right
      • Variety of sources
      • Democratic and transparent management of communication policies
  • Introduction
    • Means of communication...
      • Expression cent res , collective conversation channels
      • Information deemed important by society
      • Public opinion movements
      • Affect the way people connect and relate to each other in society
  • Introduction
    • When implementing ICTs projects:
      • Be conscious and analyse ICTs impact on the environment
      • Know the needs and expectations of users
      • Endeavour to attain people's comprehension of how ICTs impact on the community
  • Inclusion in the information and knowledge society
    • Convergence ICTs – Information and knowledge Society
      • Transformations on the notion of development
      • Lesser exclusion, new opportunities
      • Also:
      • Digital exclusion (International and national)
      • Lack of investment, high costs, illiteracy, low educational level, deficient capacitation, lack of access to knowledge.
  • Inclusion in the information and knowledge society
    • Possible solutions to digital exclusion:
      • Definition of public policies
      • Promotion of mechanisms and tools for an active participation of individuals
      • Understanding of ICTs beyond telecommunications and Internet as an instrument that promotes human development
  • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
      • Some alternatives to overcome digital exclusion:
      • developing of networks based on communities that capitalise on the potential of low-cost technologies
      • adoption of open access approaches for the deployment of infrastructure and ICT services
      • creative combination of ICTs and community media
  • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
    • Experiences:
      • Convergence of ICTs and community/citizen radios
      • Development of community telecentres (www.telecentros.org), community technology centres (CTC),and telecentres network (somostelecentros@org)
  • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
    • Community visibility
    • Access to information and knowledge
    • Differentiated use of tools
      • >strategic use?
  • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
    • For social organisations and citizens:
      • Freedom of expression
      • Exert the right of resistence
      • Integration into broader processes
      • Acces s to information and knowledge
      • Acces s to authorities
      • Col l ective political actions
      • Recreate, reprocess, disseminate information
  • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
    • Possible benefits:
      • Improvement of social and economical relatedness of actors
      • Direct and indirect job generation
      • Increasing community income for the community
      • New opportunities for local market growth
      • Strengthening of community self-management and promotion of local efforts
  • Contribution of ICTs to the development of communities
    • Possible benefits:
      • Widening areas of action and improvement of governmental services
      • Increasing the use of public and community resources
      • Provide opportunities of sharing bandwidth and costs
      • Involvement of youngsters and women in the community
    • Participation of men and women in the information and knowledge society. Is there a differentiated way?
    • Technology has traditionally been related to the world and knowledge of men. Why is this opinion currently held? Is technology neutral?
    Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • Gender
    • Sex
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • Gender
      • Roles, characteristics, values, behaviour, symbolism attributed by society to men and women. The “ought-to-be”.
    • Sex
      • biological traits distinguishing men and women
      • incompatible roles?
      • sharing chores, is it possible?
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • Concepts
          • Gender identity (sense of belonging)
          • Gender roles (learned behaviours)
          • Gender relationships (relationships defined by sexual division of labour and power relations that subordinate women )
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • Men and women relationships:
        • Are they equal?
        • Do they favour discrimination?
        • Are there real power relationships subordinating women
        • How do those relationships influence technology access
        • Is it possible to detect processes and situations with a differentiated view?
        • How to start working towards equity?
      • Can they be modified?
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • A gender perspective allows to:
      • Detect inequities
      • Alert on discrimination
      • Foster transformations in social relationships to attain equal opportunit ies
      • Contribute to change gender relations
      • Denounce and fight via ICTs violence against women ( video games , stalking, disrespectful treatment,discriminatory social behaviour transferred to ICTs)
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • Why using gender perspective in community development?
      • compromise with human rights
      • equity (fairness),
      • equal opportunit ies
      • efficient management of human resources
  • Equality of opportunity in the information and knowledge society
    • The challenge is to:
      • generate a sustained stance towards equity and equality of opportunities
      • modify behaviours; work towards modification of stereotypes
      • envision equity
      • foster new values without discrimination