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The Tasmanian Experience

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Peter Hopkins, Manager Recreational Boating was invited to represent Marine and Safety Tasmania at the recent Canadian Safe Boating Symposium in Montreal. ...

Peter Hopkins, Manager Recreational Boating was invited to represent Marine and Safety Tasmania at the recent Canadian Safe Boating Symposium in Montreal.

This is a copy of his presentation to presented to delegates on the 25th of September 2010.

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  • 1. The Tasmanian Story
  • 2. Australia
    Tasmania
  • 3. 40°S
    145°W
    Tasmania
  • 4. Recreational Boat Ownership
  • 5. Recreational boating was previously administered by five Marine Boards around the State.
    Marine and Safety Tasmania was formed in 1997 by the Government.
    Coronial records - 46 Fatalities between 1987-1999.
    Recreational Boating Safety Review was commissioned in 1999 by the Tasmanian Government.
    Background
  • 6. Fatalities 1987 – 2000Average 3.5 per annum
  • 7.
    • To look at and analyse coronial records back to 1987.
    • 8. Survey all registered boat owners and clubs
    • 9. 52.5% response rate - or over 8,000 –returned
    • 10. Recommendations made including:
    • 11. education
    • 12. Life Jackets not to be made compulsory
    • 13. Recommendations made prior to another Coronial enquiry.
    Recreational Boating Review
  • 14. The traditional recreational boater was male (94%) and over 40 (75%).
    The main reason for boating was fishing
    Did not belong to a club.
    Owned a boat 3-6 meters in length (80%).
    Went boating 11-20 times per year within two miles of the shore or in the lakes.
    Over 40% of those surveyed indicated they had been in a situation that had given them some concern for their safety.
    Who was the average Recreational Boater?
  • 15. Photo of average boater
    Average Tasmanian Boater
  • 16. What did the Coronial records show?
    The results mirrored the recreational boating survey:
    • Victims were predominately male
    • 17. Over 40 years of age
    • 18. Most accidents occurred in 3-5 meter vessels
    • 19. Most accidents happened close to shore or on inland waters
    This was confirmed by a national study carried out by Dr Peter O’Connor.
  • 20.
    • Five drown from one boat in deplorable conditions
    • 21. Older style 14’6” fibreglass boat
    • 22. Gale warning had been issued
    • 23. Lee shore
    • 24. Not wearing life jackets
    • 25. Opening of cray season
    • 26. Boat over loaded with pots, nets, gear and crew
    • 27. Front page photo in daily papers of 5 bodies on rocks
    The One Incident
  • 28. The One Incident
    Coroners Report July 2000
    It be made mandatory for crew in a boat to be wearing an approved flotation device or life jacket
    This one incident was the catalyst to change boating in Tasmania to what we know today.
  • 29.
  • 30. Mercury Editorial –
    15 November 1999
  • 31.
  • 32. The Decision
    Government decides in November 2000
    Media embrace announcement
    Regulatory Impact Statement not required
    No public consultation
    January 1 2001 change implemented
    To legislate or educate?
    Why 6 metres?
  • 33. The Beginning of Change
    The “average” boater needed to be reached – which was the majority of stakeholders
    $10.00 safety levy for improved services to be added to Registration fees
    Increased enforcement required
    Safety Kit posted including safe boating information and capacity labels
  • 34. Sample of Safety Kit Information
  • 35.
    • Life Jackets alone were not the answer
    • 36. Specific need to relate to and engage the boater in all aspects of boating
    • 37. 80% are non-club members
    • 38. Involve Dealers and Chandleries
    Communication the Key
  • 39. Safety Initiatives Introduced
  • 40. Education
    Schools
    Workplace
    Community
  • 41.
  • 42. Three editions issued per year to each boat owner and licence holder.
  • 43. Improved Access to Weather Information
  • 44. MAST Phone Weather
  • 45. Buoyancy Brochure
  • 46. Structural Integrity of Older Boats
  • 47. Major Change in Issuing and Renewal of Power Boat Licences
    • Log book requiring 20 hours
    or
    • Practical Training
  • MAST TV
  • 48. Before
    Better Facilities for Boaters
    • After
  • Safety Gear
  • 49. What’s happened as a result of initiatives & compulsory wearing
    • Boaters are keen to learn
    • 50. Improved safety gear on boats
    • 51. Voluntary carriage of non-mandatory safety gear eg: EPIRBS, Flares
    • 52. Better facilities have enabled boaters to reach different destinations
    • 53. Boating is growing
  • Registrations & Drowning Rates1998-2009
  • 54. Power Boat Licences & Drownings1998-2009
  • 55. Fatalites pre and post compulsory wearing of lifejackets
    • Figure at left shows pre- and post-law drowning
    • 56. Mandatory PFD wear for vessels under 6 metres took effect on 1 January 2001
  • 57. Other safety initiatives must be implemented to make boaters safe and interested
    Educate and Legislate
    Communication and how to deliver
    Give boater back something tangible
    Gain respect from the boater
    These will help build a safety culture
    Life Jackets will save lives but.....
  • 58. Safety Awareness 81% more safety conscious in 2007 compared to 2002
  • 59.
    • Complacency
    • 60. Servicing of Inflatable Life Jackets
    • 61. Maintain safety culture with new initiatives
    • 62. Communication and how to deliver
    Concerns to manage for the future - emerging issues
  • 63. Use of Lifejackets in other Australian States
    New South Wales
    • Under 12 yrs on a vessel less than 4.8 metres at all times
    • 64. On a vessel less than 8 metres nd in the open area of a vessel when underway
    • 65. Heightened risk in all vessels – determined by skipper
    Victoria
    • All people <4.8m; off the beach yachts
    • 66. Times of heightened risk between 4.8m -12m – barways, night operation; solo operation
    South Australia
    • Not required to be worn but must have aboard.
    • 67. Some situations on Canoes/Kayaks
    Queensland
    • All occupants of open vessels less than 4.8m while navigating coastal bars;
    • 68. All children under 12 years of age in an open vessel that is underway and less than 4.8m in length;
    • 69. All occupants of a personal watercraft (PWC); and
    when being towed
    Western Australia
    • Not required to be worn but must have aboard