“Copperheads” in the North "Annihilation to Traitors," screams the American Eagle as it watches various creatures hatching in its nest enfolded in the American flag. Various southern secession leaders are named, while a copperhead snake, prepares to strike at the national symbol. The Union states are represented as healthy eggs, holding out promise for the future.
In 1863, both North and South passed laws of conscription requiring men to serve in the armed forces
Although the North had a larger overall population, they still needed more soldiers as the war dragged on and the casualties piled up…
In addition, the North offered $300 “bounties” (cash rewards) to those who volunteered to fight instead
As a result, fewer men were drafted
Both sides allowed for draftees to hire substitutes to take their place…. why was this a problem?
What a riot… Angered by the fact that rich men were virtually exempt form the draft, frightened by the prospect of job competition from freed southern slaves, and frustrated by the lack of resolution on the battlefield, working men took to the streets in New York City during the summer of 1863 to protest against the war. Well-dressed men, African Americans, and leading war advocates were the main targets of mob violence during three nights of uncontrolled rioting. As this illustration shows, federal troops finally put down the rioting in a series of battles around the city. (Collection of Picture Research Consultants & Archives)
Women and the war
Women played key roles in the war effort, serving as nurses, volunteer relief workers, and even spies….
Treating Civil War Casualties Wounded at Fredericksburg In this photograph, taken outside an army hospital in Fredericksburg, Virginia, one of the many women who served as nurses during the Civil War sits with some of her wounded charges. Medical facilities and treatment for the wounded were woefully inadequate; most of those who were not killed outright by the primitive surgical practices of the day either died from their wounds or from secondary infections. (Library of Congress)
Civil War Camps Salisbury, North Carolina Civil War prison camps were not all deprivation. This illustration shows Union prisoners of war playing baseball. (Library of Congress) Andersonville, Georgia More than 13,000 soldiers died of starvation and disease at Andersonville, the most infamous prison of the Civil War