Intro To American Imperialism
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Intro to American imperialism, 1867-1898

Intro to American imperialism, 1867-1898

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Intro To American Imperialism Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to American Imperialism 1867-1898
  • 2. What is imperialism?
    • Imperialism can be defined as “a policy by which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories” (p. 257)
    • This policy is generally associated with the establishment of colonies, but can also apply to expanding economic/political influence over independent nations…
  • 3. Imperialism moves forward…
    • In the late 19 th century European countries competed to take over territory in Africa and Asia
    • In the “scramble for Africa,” only two countries on the entire continent were able to stay independent by 1900!
  • 4. From isolationist to imperialist
    • Economic : desire for new markets, demand for raw materials
    • Military : desire to establish military presence overseas to protect economic interests abroad
    • Cultural : belief in cultural superiority (aka Social Darwinism ) leads to idea that imperialism is a way to spread democracy and improve the lives of “inferior” people
      • Very racist ideology!
    American foreign policy was rooted in isolationism since 1796…so why get involved now? (p. 258)
  • 5. “White Man’s Burden” What different attitudes do you think the authors of these cartoons have when it comes to American imperialism?
  • 6. Early efforts at expansion
    • After fulfilling the policy of Manifest Destiny and expanding from coast to coast, the United States started to look overseas…
      • 1867 – Alaska (p. 258) and Midway Islands
      • 1898 - Hawaii (p. 259)
        • American planters staged a revolt (1893) and asked to be annexed by the United States…sound familiar?
        • Controversial because Hawaii was an independent country -legality of annexation still contested by native Hawaiians today
  • 7. “A splendid little war”
    • Desire to protect business interests also led to increased involvement in the Caribbean
      • Support of Cuban independence led to involvement in the 1898 Spanish-American War (Ch. 9 Section 2)
        • United States wins after sixteen weeks ! Territorial gains from the war include Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines
        • Cuba gets independence – but with strings attached
          • Platt Amendment gives USA the right to intervene in Cuban affairs anytime there is a threat to “life, property, and individual liberty”
          • Cuba has to lease Guantanamo Bay to USA for naval base
  • 8.
    • By the early 20 th century the United States had cemented its position as an emerging world power…