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The Great War
 

The Great War

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    The Great War The Great War Presentation Transcript

    •  The Triple Alliance  Germany  Austria-Hungary  Italy The Triple Entente  Great Britain  France  Russia
    •  Entente Allies Neutral
    •  Nicholas II  Russia  Tzar and War General
    •  Raymond Poincaré  President of France George Clemenseau  Prime Minister of France  Treaty of Versailles
    •  Geroge V  England H. H. Asquith  1# prime minister Lloyd George  2# prime minister
    •  Kaiser Wilhelm II  Germany Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg  Chancelor
    •  Franz Josef I  Emperor of Austria Charles I  Emperor of Austria after 1916  Grand-nephew
    •  Victor Emmanuel III  King of Italy  "Remember: to be a king, all you need to know is how to sign your name, read a newspaper, and mount a horse” Paolo Boselli  Prime Minister
    •  1 = Hussar (13th Regiment) 2 = Uhlan (11th Regiment) 3 = Supply 4 = Curassier (3rd Regiment) 5 = Dragoon 6 = Line Infantry 7 = Field Artillery (NCO) 8 = Hussar Officer(6th Regiment) 9 = Pioneer 10 = Foot Artillery 11 = General 12 = Officer of Guards Infantry 13 = Lieutenant of Line Infantry 14 = Officer of Jegers 15 = Horse Jeger (2nd Regiment)
    •  Austria declares war against Serbia  Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand  Assassinated by Gravilo princip – a serbian student  In Bosnia  The Slav population issue  Serbia desired to absorb Bosnia  Austria teaches a Lesson  Invades Serbia for its for their annexation intentions of Bosnian territory
    •  Russia declares war against Austria  Russia was an allie of Serbia  Had the intention of Latter absorbing both Serbia and Bosnia  The three of them had a great slav population
    •  Russia x Austria + Germany  The Triple Alliance is formed  Russia mobiliazed troops along the german border as well  German took that as a declaration of war  August 1 – German declares war to Russia  August 3 – German declares war to France
    •  Britain enters war  Belgium issue  The Triple Entente forms
    •  The Western Front  Northern France  German invades France and Belgium  Trench Warfare Schlieffen Plan  Taking France fast and them taking Russia  Would avoid a two fronts war  Predicted a lack of preparation of the two enemy countries  "Paris for lunch, St. Petersburg for dinner.“  Kaiser Wilhelm II
    •  The Entente strikes back  Alsase – Lorraine front  27,000 french men are killed  Machine guns  Page 848 and 850  The Marne battle  French soldiers defeat the germans  The Schlieffen Plan is no longer working  Saved by the Russians
    •  Page 848
    •  Russia x Germany  350,00 soldiers  Battle of Tannenberg  1/3 of the Russian army is killed  Not an industrialized country  Shortage of supplies  No supply lines  Page 849  A endless army  Enourmous population
    •  The Triple Alliance  Ottoman Turks  Bulgaria The Triple Entente  India  Japan  Australia  New Seland
    •  The Gallipoli Campaign  1915  An Entente strategy  Access to the black sea secure supply lines to Russia  British, Australian, New Zeland, French troops  Turned out in to another trench warfare  The Entente retreat  They loose 250,000 soldiers
    •  Battles against the German colonial posessions  Japan striked islands in the pacific  The British and French took its possession in Africa The Colonies participation in the war  South Africa, Senegal, Egypt, Algeria and Indochina  India  “ If we would improve ou status through the help and cooperation of british it was our duty to win their help by standing by them in their our of need”  Mahatma Gandhi  The hope that if the colonies helped in the war they would finally get their independence
    •  America Joins the Fight  Reasons to enter the war  The submarine issue  Unrestricted submarine warfare  The germans would sink any ship in the waters around Britain  It sinked 4 american ships in british waters  Arthur Zimmermann’s telegrathh  Germany would help mexico reconquer the land they lost to the US  1917 American enters the war on The side of the Entente
    •  Brazil enters war  Reasons  Two brazilian ships are sinked by a German submarine  Paraná Steam Boat and  The coffe issue  Great drop in the coffee imports  Prohibition of coffee imports by england  The brazilian people reaction  Distruction of German Stabilishments  Brazilian army gave aid to the Entente
    •  Brazilian participation into the WW I  Medical missions were sent  To France  Sended troops to fight in Europe  In the armies of the French and British  Sended airplanes and battle ships  Cruzador Bahia and Cruzador Minas Gerais
    •  War of Attrition  A surprise attack  The heavy bombing destroyed the french trenchs  The troops are divided in the caos  The french are forcedto fight in small groups with no tactical link to each other  Over 300,000 were killed  750,000 were wounded
    •  The Battle of Somme  Bombing attacks in northern France  British troops are taken donw  20,000 were killed and over 40,000 were wounded  Only 1o miles of ground were conquered The Battle of Ypres  British attack on the German lines on Belgium  Heavy rains  Seas of mud
    •  The country is totally focused in the war  The entire force of governement was dedicated to wining the conflict  Factories were told what to produce and how much  No unemployment  Rationing  There was not enough goods for the population  Most of the countries production was sent to the front  Censorship  Most counties censor the war news  Propaganda
    •  Bring the war!  The great war should let out the great beast that mankind really is  “(A guerra) Diria sim ao animal bárbaro, ou mesmo selvagem que existe entre nós”  Page 465 – Age of the Empire  Thus Spoke Zarathustra  Was given as a gift to high range german oficers during WW I
    •  Page 854
    •  Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen  Top ace aviator at age 23  80 air combat oficial victories  Dies in combat at age 26
    •  Reinforcements for the Entente  US + Brazil + all the other colonies  The entente now has fresh soldiers, money and supplies Russia Falls  The russian revolution takes the country out of war  A peace treaty is stabilished with Germany  Russia would give away territory to be able get out of the war
    •  A last push  Russia’s withdrawal  Germany can now fight only in western front  The German advance  The second Marne battle  Only 40 miles away from Paris  The US help  2 million more soldiers  More technological tanks  The US advances towards Berlim
    •  The Allies began to crumble  Bulgaria and the Turks surrender  In october the Austro – Hungary empire surrenders  Kaiser Wilhelm the second steps donw  Germany is now a republic Armistice  A peace treaty is signed  November 11, 1918  In a railway car near Paris  Between a representative of the German government and the French marshal
    •  A soldier in the Great War  An Austrian Citizen  Entered the Bavarian Army  Fought in the Battle of Ypres, and Battle of the Somme  Wounded in the battle of Somme  Accolades  Two iron crosses  Bravery  Wound badge  Wounded  A shell wound  Either in the groin or in thigh  Temporarily blinded  Mustard gas  Armistice  Great resentment of German’s Government