Changes in the Colony The end of colonial system? Opening of the ports to friendly nations 1808 Salvador England Revogation of the prohibition of industry and manufectures 1808 Rio de Janeiro Wool, silk and iron Introduction of new machinery Competition with British products
Changes in the Colony 1810 Treaty Treaty of Navigation and Comerce The tariff on british products on brazil was of 15% Smaller than the portuguese tariffs! Also put to death our baby industry Treaty of friendship Gradual restriction of the slave trade Right to board ships that were suspected to be making slave trade
Changes in the Colony The city of Rio de Janeiro is transformed The city population doubled 50.000 to 100.000 Royal Librarie Public lighting Royal Press Royal Theater French Mission 1816 School of Fine Arts
D. pedro the I of Brazil andD. Pedro VI of Portugal Pedro de Alcântara Francisco António JoãoCarlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael JoaquimJosé Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim deBragança e Bourbon. Born in Querluz, october 121798
D. Pedro was the fourth son (second boy) of the King D. João VI and his consort , Dona Carlota Joaquina de Bourbon, infant of Spain.
D. Pedro I Lonely childohood Crazy grandma Sad dad Busy mom Trobles with his brother Horses Little soldier
D. Pedro I Bohemia Carpentry Against slavery "Eu sei que o meu sangue é da mesma cor que o dos negros“ Replacement of the workers French, Latin, english, german Book fan and poet Meu amor, meu grande amor, Sem ti não quero viver Tua imagem é a meiga flor Que eu vivo a bem-querer…
D. Pedro I Musician! piano, flute, bassoon, trombone, violin, clarinet, guitar, lundu and Dictionary harpsichordCoposed severalanthems for Brasil,Portugal and even freemansory
D. Pedro I Education Always pointed as having a low level education Mechanic Belas Artes Academy And of the book taxation Public schools
Dom Pedro I In 1818, at the age of 19,Merries D. Maria LeopoldinaInfant of Austria Grandniece of Maria Antonieta Botany and mineralogy Marriage by letter of attorney Negative impretion
Dom Pedro I D. João VI revokes the titleOf Prince of Brazil Brazil’s Party 8.000 signatures“Como é para o bem de todose felicidade geral da nação, estoupronto: diga ao povo que fico!”(1822)
Dom Pedro I Mass firing of the portuguese burocrats Ministério dos brasileiros José Bonifácio Cumpra-se! 1822
Dom Pedro I Rebellion against José Bonifácio Santos Letters The prince should be back immediately! D. João VI Break up with Portugal now! José Bonifácio Time to be king! D. Maria Leopoldina
Dom Pedro I "O pomo está maduro,colhe-o já, senão apodrece"
Dom Pedro I War of independence inBahia Maria Quitéria Bride Soldado Medeiros Piauí, Ceará e Pará
Dom Pedro I Recognition of the independence United States (1824) British (1826) Treaties of 1810 Portugal (1825) 2 million pounds Honorary title of Emperor of Brazil for D. João VI
First Reign Continuity of economic standards External debt Political Division
First Reign Important Land owners Partido Brasileiro José Bonifácio Strong and centralized government Portuguese Party authoritarian tendencies Extremists Federation Free masonry Urban middle classes
First Reign D. Pedro I – Alliance with the Portuguese Constituent assembly Vote by census Antilusitan text Limitation of the powers of the emperor Yucca Constitution 150 alqueres of yucca The Agony Night
First Reign The 1824 Constitution Division into provinces Government: Monarchical and hereditary, constitutional and representative. Catholic as the official religion Powers: Executive, legislative, judicial and moderator Lifetime Senate Vote by census: 100 mil-réis
Financial Crises Sugar and cotton 13 colonies Antilhas francesas 1810 Treaties impossibility of industrialization External Debt 1829 – bankruptcy of Banco do Brasil Printing money Cisplatina War
First Reign Cisplatina Province United Provinces of Rio da Prata War with Argentina 1828 – end of the war Oriental Republic of Uruguai
First Reign Death of D. João VI – 1826 Throne Dispute D. Maria da Glória
First Reign Coup of the absolutist D. Miguel Power dispute D. Pedro as the King Soldier
First Reign D. Domitila de Castro Marquise of Santos Noite das Garrafadas Ministry of Natural BornBrazilians Ministry of the Marquises
First Reign Abdication April 7th of 1831 D. Pedro de alcântara 5 years old
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