An elitist Revolution Made for and by the rich Enlightment Ideas Rousseau Freedom and democracy Democracy? A very diferent kind of democracy A model to the New World All the colonies wanted to be America
I1756-1763 The first global War Europe, America, Africa and Asia Colonies, colonies, colonies The French and British fight for ColonialTeritory At american soil The french are really woried about their possessions in caribe though
The Colony participation The american subjects fight along side with the british troops American crave for more territory
A despute for trade Mercantilism! Bring raw materials from the colonies Sell manufectured goods to the colonies Make loads of money! Land was really important for this The americans wanted to expand The french wanted to sustain their territory
Indians fight too On both sides But mostly with The French They are gonna be really significant in the battles
Indians were loosing their lands to the British and to the colonists The french seemed more Friendly They did’n settle in such large nunbers They didn’t onw much farms in north america They were mostly fur trappers and traders They sended lots of jesuits Who spent some time learning the language and customs of the indians And ittle time kiling them, like the Britsh and the colonists did
The first ones to fight were actuallythe colonists England was still fighting the austrians in Europe and had no money or troops to send to America Americans were actually fighting to defend their onwn territory for the first time! George Washington A virginia Colonel
The French lost the war The french just kept on loosing battles all over the world So they eventually had sign a treaty with England And left North America Alone
1 million people died in the 7 year war On all sides Specially the french side All countries now had hugewar debts Even the american colonists But speacially the British
American colonists create an Identity Have been living in America for more 150 years now Have fought side by side for their territory Have created common economical policies for the war effort Have now a population of 2,150,000 people Economicaly thriving Have a growing independence from UK Each colony had their own government
Britain Stands in the way The Navigation act Colonial pact High prices for imported french goods British Ocupation Now the british are paying close atention to its colony Wich means things are harder muglress (wich is acutally almost everybody) British troops coupy the land Everyone is pretty mad!
Britain stands in the way After the war of seven years britain was facing huge debt Britain expected its subjects to help pay for the costs of the war The Stamp Act A stamp had to be on most of printed material Wills Deeds Newspapers
Taxation without representation Colonists did not want to pay for this new taxes Britain had a house of lords and a parliament to vote for taxes and such things But the colonists had no representation in it Page 641
Protests!! American colonists start protests against the british taxes Making boycots burning british products in public protests The Boston Tea Party UK charges the tea A group of political protesters dump tea in the boston harbor Dressed up as indians George III got the boston harbor closed for this
The american colonists organise themselves They create the continental committees of correspondence In wich they would discuss policies that would help improve the independence of the 13 colonies (please note that for improving their independence, they had to unite themselves even more) (cute )
The Continental Congress In Philadelphia - September 1774 They made some demands to the king Representation Common taxes between the colonies The king just ignored them The Second Continental Congress Voted to raise the army Under the comand of Washington
The Declaration od independence By Thomas Jefferson Natural rights Equality Right of property Persuit of happiness Enlightment all over The revolution is justified by enlightment ideas The king was a tyrant He broke the social constrct
Main ideas of the Revolution Property rights Most of the famous names of the revolution were already filthy rich! And didn’t want the british to mess around with their money Or a revolution to mess arround with their money Conservative revolution! And thi also inaugurates the notion that a too strong state is no good Paying too much taxes makes you communist
Equality The american revolution were sick and tired to pay the same taxes and be less important than the british sujects that lived in UK Even the british subject that lived in India had more status! But they were looking for equality in no strict sense You know, they had slaves! And women were not counted as equals And man with no property also coudn’t vote
War! The role of the declaration of independence led both countries into war American colonists have a bad start They still didn’t have a united army George washington is gonna take care of that But not without losing a lot first American colonists start winning! Are more motivated Beeing free, you know? British generals were overconfident It was terribly expensive for the british Help from France
George Washington 1732-1799 A very wealthy man His family owned tabacco plantations New republics first President Elected by 69 man Commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War Presided over the convention that drafted the Constitution
A Republic! The 13 colonies are now one independent country A loose confederation They sustain a vow to be as independent from each other as they can No executive or judicial branches Only a congress It had no poer to collect taxes or regulate trade
A New federal system A president! George Washington Monstesquieau’s ideas Devided the government between legislative, executive and judicial branches Checks and balances system Each branch checks the actions of the other And can interefeare
The bill of rights Enlightment ideas into practice A series of emendments to the constitution Freedom of speech Freedom of press Freedom of assembly Freedom of religion
A revolution in wich sense? Was there actual freedom? For who? Was there a revolution in the status quo? What changes with the advent of the republic? What is it to be federalist?
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