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  • 1. The Megalomaniac Genius
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  • 4. French?  Italian!  From the island of Corsica His name was actually Napoleonedi Buonaparte Was born in 15 August 1769  Son of Carlo Maria Bonaparte Turncoats!  Allied with France against their nation
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  • 6. Tough Guy  Military Academy of Brienne-le-Château  Great Student  Great ability in math, history and geography École Militaire  Again a great student Military Genius! Artillery officer
  • 7. French Revolution!  Suport to the Jacobins No one likes Npoleon  People thought he was a Corsican nationalist Best friends with Augustin Robespierre Artillery commander of Toulon In charge of the artillery ofFrances Army of Italy
  • 8. Super Napoleon!  Donw with Robespierre brothers  Napoleon in house arrest!  Jealousy between the Army of the Alps and the Army of Italy Désirée Clary  Engaged! No Vendée Campaing for me!  Claimed poor health  Faced political problems for this A Novelist  Clisson et Eugénie
  • 9. Fame, Money and The One  Fight at the Tuileries Palace  Previous knowledge gave him advantage  The army was really impressed! Commander of the Interior and givencommand of the Army of Italy Joséphine de Beauharnais Married on 9 March 1796
  • 10. The one  Josephine  “My one and only Josephine, apart from you there is no joy; away from you, the world is a desert where I am alone and cannot open my heart. You have taken more than my soul; you are the one thought of my life.”
  • 11. Great Victories  "I have fought sixty battles and I have learned nothing which I did not know at the beginning. Look at Caesar; he fought the first like the last.” Trafalgar, Austerlitz, Egypt, Russia… Go for the Hinge! Envelop the enemy! Newspapers!  Napoleon used Army newspapers to make self propaganda
  • 12. Egypt 
  • 13. Egypt  Glory or strategics?  Both  Egyptomania  Englands posession Suport from theDirectory  Anything to keep Napoleon out of politics
  • 14. Egypt  The battle starts well  Even though Napoleon had a smaller army he started wining  40,000 French x 100,000 Mamelucos  Napoleon won the battle in one Day!
  • 15. Egypt  Nelson comes  The Nile Battle  the British destroyed the French fleet in Alexandria The French army was isolated  No where to retreat to  Attacked by typhoid fever
  • 16. Egypt  Retreat to the East  Attacked the Ottomans  Won at great cost Turks + British  Won again at freat cost  10,000 x 15,000
  • 17. Egypt  Napoleon goes back to Paris  Worried with the politic turmoils and prediting the failure of his campaign  Fleed of Egypt with healthy troops  He left the remaining sick troops to fight alone!  Those man suffered a horrible fate
  • 18. 18 of Brumaire  Coup d’Etat  1799 – back from Egypt  Napoleons troops surround the national legislature  The Consulate is created First Consul  Living at the Tuileries!!  Peace at last
  • 19. Napoleon Rules France  The plebiscite  The people aproves the new constitution and gives to Napoleon all the power he wants Napoleon and the French Revolution  The first consul will keep the good changes from the French Revolution
  • 20. Firm grip on the colonies  Louisiana
  • 21. Firm grip on the colonies  Haiti
  • 22. Reforms  Economy  A strong and organised tax code  National bank system  A firm grip against corruption Educations  Licées  Public education  Higher education The Napoleonic Code  Civil Code  Restricted freedom of speech and press  Restored slavery in the French Colonies  Road and sewer systems Legion of Honour
  • 23. Reforms  The Concordat  The Catholic Church is reunited with the French State  Pope Pius VII  The church had power, but no control over national affairs
  • 24. Reforms  Emancipation of the Jews "I will never accept any proposals thatwill obligate the Jewish people to leaveFrance, because to me the Jews are thesame as any other citizen in our country.It takes weakness to chase them out of thecountry, but it takes strength to assimilatethem."
  • 25. Emperor  With the support of the army and the French people, Napoleon became Emperor Napoleon I  on December 2 1804 at NotreDame de Paris Napoleon crowned himself andThem crowned Joséphine Empress.  He took the crown out of the popes Had  This gesture meant that he was above the church and that he became emperor by his own means
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  • 29. War of the Third Coalition  Great Britain broke the peace  Declared war on France in May 1803  Britain had convinced Austria and Russia to join a Third Coalition against France.
  • 30. War of the Third Coalition  Trafalgar  Napoleon wants to invade England  Will have to lure Nelson’s Armada to the Caribe  Total failure!  Will fight him with the Spanish  Napoleon has to let go of the plan of invading England  He wants his armada to Retreat to the Mediterranean sea
  • 31. War of the Third Coalition  Nelson has a new strategy!  Enveloping the enemy in the sea The british win  But the war still goes on for another 10 years in land  The french and the Spanish will never try to take donw the British armada again  Nelson dies
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  • 34. War of the Third Coalition  Austerlitz  1805  the Battle of the Three Emperors  France x Austria x Russia  The French Empire effectively crushes the Third Coalition
  • 35. War of the Third Coalition  A battle won by briliant strategy  Eveloping, going for the hinge, good use of climate but, most of all, knowing your enemy  Taking donw the weak A 9 hour battle Napoleon wasnever again thispowerfull
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  • 37. Jobs for the Family  Jerôme Bonaparte  youngest brother of Napoleon  The King of Westphalia
  • 38. Jobs for the Family  Joseph Bonaparte  The elder brother of Napoleon  The king os Spain, Naples and Sicily
  • 39. Continental System  How does a country defeats England without fighting it?  Strangling its economy! The ContinentalSystem  No country should make trade with Englad  Unless it wants to be invaded by Napoleon  Portugal!
  • 40. Continental System  Church Problems  The church doesn’t like the continental system  Napoleon annexed the Papal States because of the Churchs refusal to support the Continental System  Pope Pius VII responded by excommunicating the emperor  The pope was then abducted by Napoleons officers  Napoleon got divorced and this further strained his relations with the Church  The pope remained confined for 5 years and did not return to Rome until May 1814.
  • 41. Divorce The necessity of na heir  When, after a few years, it became clear she could not have a child, Napoléon while he still loved Joséphine, beganto think very seriously about the possibility ofdivorce. Joséphine was to live ate the Malmaison, asmall palace. She continued to make publicappearances as Empress, but the impendingdivorce was common knowledge. Napoléon once remarked after marryingMarie-Louise that "he had married a womb". Even after their separation Napoleoninsisted Josephine retain the title of Empress. "It is my will that she retain the rank andtitle of Empress, and especially that she neverdoubt my sentiments, and that she ever hold me asher best and dearest friend."
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  • 44. Divorse  Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria’s tiara
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  • 47. Russia!  The Russians did not want to obey the Continental System  In 1812 Napoleon decides to invade Russia Russia in the fall  not a very good a idea  Napoleon’s Ego  He is used to fast wars
  • 48. Russia!  Scorched Land Tatics  The Russians would destroy their city and leave  Burn the houses, kill the animals, poison the wells  Deeper and deeper on the land The war just gets longer  The General Winter comes
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  • 50. Things go Wrong  The sixth coalition steps in  Prussia, Austria, Sweden, Russia, Great Britain, Spain, and Portugal Napoleon has no army to fight them  Still does  Mutiny  His generals refuse to keep on going Treaty of Fontainebleau – exile onElba Attempt of suicide
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  • 52. Hundred Days  The Bourbons are back!  Louis XVIII takes the throne  He was the brother of Louis XVI Scape!  March 1 1815  "Here I am. Kill your Emperor, if you wish.”  "Vive LEmpereur!”  Donw with the Bourbon! Emperor once again
  • 53. Waterloo  Duke of Wellington  Leader of the British troops  Prepares battle near the village of Waterloo, in Belgium Napoleon attacks  The british just need to buy some time  The prussian Army arrives  Two armies at once!  Plus rain and bad guts After 2 days Napoleon’s armysurrenders
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  • 57. Last Days  Napoleon goes to exile in Santa Helena  A small island in the south Atlantic The Balcombes  A nice family The Times  Everybody is curious Napoleon Dies  After six years of exile  Poisoning?
  • 58. Goodbye  May 3, 1821 Stomach Cancer? "France, army,head of the army,Joséphine." A tomb with noname
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