Crisis in Populism
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
194
On Slideshare
194
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. A Crise do Populismo
  • 2.  Nobody wants dictatorship anymore  Vargas’ dictadorship is no longer compatible with the world post-WW2  Vargas is ousted by military  Dutra is elected the new president  First democratically elected  Close to Vargas  Constitution of 1946 is made  The most liberal so far DUTRA
  • 3.  The economy is thriving after WW2  Big earnings with the war  Influx of dollars and pounds into the economy  Dutra incentivates the importation  Diminished the customs tariffs  The first TV sets arrived before there were TV channels in Brazil  Cold War  Brazil severs diplomatic relations With the USSR  PCB becomes illegal  1947 DUTRA
  • 4.  Getúlio Vargas is elected!  1951  Incongruence  Vargas wanted to be a dictator again but Brazil had changed  Campaign “O Petróleo é nosso”!  Foundation of Petrobrás – 1953  State Monopoly of Oil  The USA retaliate  Cancel loans to Brazil GETÚLIO VARGAS
  • 5.  Problems  Huge Inflation  Generalized strikes  300 thousand workers Many foreign companies in Brazil  UDN (right-wing party) wanted Foreing companies  Diversify the trade  Getúlio wanted protectionism for the National industry GETÚLIO VARGAS
  • 6.  Problems  Hated by everyone  Politicians  All disagreed with his policy in some aspect  Businessmen  Rose the minimum wage  Workers  Didn’t raise the minimum wage enough  Persecuted syndicalists and workers on strike  USA  Petrobrás  Middle Class  Corrupt government  Newspapers  supported UDN  Everyday there were news against the government  Military  Low wages, obsolete equipment  Wanted to support the US GETÚLIO VARGAS
  • 7.  Carlos Lacerda  Jornalist Vargas’ nemesis  Published many terrible things about the government  Much of which was actually true  Gregório Fortunato  Chief of Security  Hired a hitman to kill Lacerda  There isn’t any proof Getulio knew what Was about to happen GETÚLIO VARGAS
  • 8.  Toneleiros st. Attack  The Hitman awaited for Lacerda at his apartment  Lacerda came out escorted by officials of the Air Force  There was gunfire  A bullet hit Lacerda’s foot  Another killed na Air Force Major  Getúlio was accused of being the Mastermind  The Air Force investigates  The newspapers condemned Vargas  He received and ultimatum: Vargas either renounced or was overthrown GETÚLIO VARGAS
  • 9.  Suicide  24 August 1954  A shot to the heart  Suicide letter  Popular reaction  The people forgive Vargas and blame the UDN and the newspapers  Attacks on the offices of the press and the UDN party  Hundreds of thousands go to the funeral  UDN looses the elections again. GETÚLIO VARGAS
  • 10.  Humble origins  Dimantina, MG – 1902  The first gypsy president in History  Elected in 1956  Nacional – Desenvolvimentismo  National-Development  Industrialization  By the end of his mandate Industry surpassed Agriculture.  Goal Plan  “50 years in 5!”  Basic Industries  Building roads  Hidroelectrics and oil fields  Easy access for foreign capital  Cars and home appliances JK
  • 11.  Brasília  Since the constitution of 1891  Planned capital in the inlands  Safer  Help unify the country  Promess of campaign  1955 in Jataí - GO  Building begins  1957  Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer  Economic problems  Building the capital created a huge National debt  Generalized Corruption  Printing money  Inflation  One of the best minimum wages in History  By the end of the mandate the Minimum Wage had dropped to 3/4 of it’s initial value. JK
  • 12.  Elected in 1961  The succesor of JK  “Tostão contra o Milhão!” (the dime against the million)  “Varre, Varre Vassorinha!” (Sweep, sweep, little broom)  Great victory in the polls  A different polititian  Not conected to any political party  Much like GV  Conservative  linked to upper and middle class JÂNIO QUADROS
  • 13.  A Controversial administration  Prohibition of the use of bikini  At first only in beauty pageants  But later in the entire country  Prohibition of animal games  rooster fights  horse races  Only during week days JÂNIO QUADROS
  • 14. JÂNIO QUADROS  A Controversial administration  Great inflation  Tried to contain it freezing wages  Cuts down on public expenses  Schools  Hospitals  Subsidy for oil and wheat  Independet foreign relations  Not aligned with the cold war blocks  Wanted to be a power of the third world  Invited Che Guevara for a tribute  Sent his vice for restabilish foreign relations with China  Trap
  • 15.  Jânio loses suport  From UDN and the Military  Flirting with communism  Too much of a messy controversial administration  Bad economy  Resignation and attempt of coup  August 25, 1961  Jânio’s expectations  People would beg him to come back  Since his vice was suposed to be a communist  No one gave a damn JÂNIO QUADROS
  • 16.  A communist as president?  Jango wasn’t even really a communist, but still…  The military do not want Jango in Power  Start organizing a Coup d’Etat  Rede pela Legalidade (Network for Legality)  Leonel Brizola  To obey the constitution  President Jango JOÃO GOULART
  • 17.  Parlamentarism  A military strategy to take away Jango’s power  Jango was suposed to choose his Prime Minister  Tancredo neves  Plebiscite  1963  Jango is victorious JOÃO GOULART
  • 18.  Reformas de base  Agrarian reform  More taxes on the rich  Compel multinationals to invest part of the profits in Brazil  The people organizes  Communists  Unions  Ligas camponesas  Une JOÃO GOULART
  • 19.  The public opinion turns against Jango  The upper class and the conservative middle class  Red scare  workers' strikes  pressure from UDN  The US disliked Jango  Political rally in Central do Brasil  proposes Reformas de Base  Agrariam reform JOÃO GOULART
  • 20.  Military Coup d’Etat  1964  April first  The United States support the coup  Operation Brother Sam  General Castelo Branco JOÃO GOULART