Copia de autumn


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Nature, weather, festivals

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Copia de autumn

  1. 2. This work has been divided into four parts:
  2. 3. going back to school nature festivals harvest AUTUMN
  3. 4. Each one introduces activities to work in class: Introductión Vocabulary Worksheets Crafts Stories Songs Poems Games
  4. 5. A u t u m n <ul><li>Autumn is one of the seasons of the year: The seasons are winter, spring, summer and autumn </li></ul><ul><li>Autumn is the same as Fall </li></ul><ul><li>It comes after summer . </li></ul><ul><li>Autumn starts on or around 15 September and ends on about 20 December. </li></ul><ul><li>We come back to school . </li></ul><ul><li>People harvest their crops. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature changes its colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Some festivals are celebrated in Autumn, such as Halloween and Thanksgiving. </li></ul>
  5. 6. 1. One of the four natural divisions of the year, spring, summer, fall, and winter, in the North and South Temperate zones. Each season, beginning astronomically at an equinox or a solstice, is characterized by specific meteorological or climatic conditions. b. The two divisions of the year, rainy and dry, in some tropical regions. 2. A recurrent period characterized by certain occurrences, occupations, festivities, or crops.
  6. 7.   The reason why earth has different weather for different seasons is due to the tilt of the earth. During our summer the Northern hemisphere is tilted toward the sun. During our winter the Northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun.  This tilts causes a difference in the amount of sunlight energy we receive. Since the sun is the energy that drives weather, if you vary that sunlight amount then you vary the weather. Tilt : inclinación Amount: cantidad Weather : tiempo atmosférico vary;: variar Why do we have seasons?
  7. 9. Autumn song <ul><li>Clic here and you will listen a song about trees , leaves and seasons </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / kids - songs - seasons.htm </li></ul>
  8. 10. http:// / kids - songs - seasons.htm
  9. 12. The harvest
  10. 17. All these yummy vegetables and fruits have been busy growing for you all summer, now they are ready to be eaten Harvest time
  11. 20. <ul><li>White grapes </li></ul><ul><li>Blue grapes </li></ul><ul><li>Apples </li></ul><ul><li>Pears </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries </li></ul>AUTUMN PERSONIFICATION
  12. 21. In agriculture, the harvest is the processes of gathering mature crops from the fields. The harvest marks the end of the growing season, or the growing cycle for a particular crop, and this is the focus of seasonal celebrations. On smaller farms with minimal mechanization, harvesting is the most labour-intensive activity of the growing season. Large farms use sophisticate farm-machinery. The harvest is carried to the consumer market . Crops, field, gather, harvest
  13. 22. Tools for harvesting The axe was a very important tool. With an axe the homesteader built a home, chopped firewood, chopped down trees and cleared the land. A pickaxe , hoe and spade (shovel) were used for digging and turning over the soil. A wooden rake was used to level the soil. Grain or hay was cut with a scythe (a long blade on a stick) or a sickle (a curved blade on a stick) and left to dry in the sun. A cradle scythe (also called a hand cradle) cut the hay and also dropped the hay in piles. A pitchfork was used to gather up the hay or grain into piles. Then the hay or grain was loaded onto a cart or wagon and stored in the barn. A flail was used to separate the seeds from the rest of the plant
  14. 23. PLOWING AND PLANTING The land was broken up with a plow (or plough). The plow had a sharp blade that cut into the earth and turned over the soil. The plow was pulled by oxen or horses. The farmer had to keep the blade of the plow in the ground and had to be careful not to hit any large rocks, stumps or roots. Next a harrow was pulled over the soil to break up the lumps and smooth out the ground. A harrow looked like a large rake with rows of teeth. A plow
  15. 24. Then the farmer sowed the seed (planted). Wheat, rye, oats, barley and flax (for making linen) were planted. After the seeds were planted, there were many ways that the crop could fail -- too many weeds, drought (no rain), floods, frost, hail, insects, plant diseases and prairie fires destroyed crops.
  16. 25. HARVESTING AND THRESHING harvesting the crop with a scythe When a crop was ready to harvest the farmer used a sickle, scythe or cradle scythe to cut the crop. Then the stalks were bundled into sheaves. The bunch of sheaves were leaned against each other so the sheaves stood up. The standing bundles were called stooks . The stooks were left to dry in the field. Later, the sheaves were hauled to the barn. Sheaves of weat
  17. 26. The grain was spread out on the floor of the barn and hit with a flail. Seeds, chaff (bits of seed head) and straw remained. After most of the straw was raked away, the farmer gathered what was left. The grain seeds and chaff were placed in a winnowing tray (or basket) and shaken and tossed on a windy day. The wind blew the light straw and chaff away and the seed would fall back in the tray.        Winnowed grain was stored for animal feed or taken in sacks to the mill to be ground into flour. Stone-ground flour was better than flour ground by hand.
  18. 27. The lucky seed http:// / kids - stories - lucky - seed.htm
  19. 28. Take three pots and put some soil in the pots. Put some fast-growing seeds in each pot, for example, cress or radishes. Now put the pots in places that have different light, for example, put one in a room with lots of sunlight, one in a room that has a little light, and one in a cupboard. Look at the pots every day. What happens to the seeds? Write a report about the experiment.
  20. 29. Fill a jar with some water. Add some food colouring. Put a stick of celery or a stem with a white flower in the water. What happens to the celery stick or the flower petals? Write a report about the experiment.
  21. 30. Vocabulary: Plants and trees stem, leave, roots, flower, water, stick, tree, trunk plants.pps http//
  22. 37. A bean is planted in the ground. It is dry and has a tough outer shell. It only takes a few things to make changes happen.
  23. 38. The sun provides heat and light . The plant also needs water and nutrients from the soil to help it grow.  
  24. 39. The bean begins to sprout and grow. This stage is called germination.
  25. 40. The seed is swelling and getting bigger as the plant develops. The hard casing drops off, into the soil.
  26. 41. The bean plant begins to develop a stem , roots and leaves . The stem grows upwards, towards the light, while the roots are beneath the ground.
  27. 42. The leaves open as the bean plant keeps growing.
  28. 43. The bean plant now develops flowers . The flowers have male and female parts so that the plant will pollinate .
  29. 44. The flowers on the plant are fertilised and new beans grow.
  30. 45. Apples are ready to be harvested any time from late summer to late fall. Autumn is the perfect time for kids to celebrate apples. Celebrate this Autumn with these apple activities, crafts and recipes. Apple Picking and Counting Visiting an apple farm and picking your own apples is a blast for kids. Kids will have fun counting and choosing their own apples. You can use it as a learning experience. Be sure to have questions ready to be asked. The people on the farm will enjoy answering all your questions on apples and how to raise your own apple orchard.
  31. 46. how to grow apples and apple tree care. Fall is the absolute best season for eating.  The culinary bounty is endless.  From onions to squash and from nuts to fruits, Fall has something scrumptious to offer at every turn.  With all these delights it’s hard to narrow down one seasonal obsession.
  32. 47. Why Do Leaves Change Color? To introduce children to the reason autumn leaves turn colors, provide the class with copies of poems about autumn leaves. Discuss the meaning of new vocabulary words, such as chlorophyll, hues, fades, flecks, etc. Leaves Fall Off A maple tree loses about 600,000 leaves in the fall! That number might be tough for students to work with, so look at leaves on one branch of a deciduous tree. How many leaves do students think are on a branch? Count the leaves on a low branch. Compare with the estimate. How can students use this number to estimate the total number of leaves on the tree? If possible, revisit the tree throughout fall to see how fast the leaves fall off.
  33. 48. Looks, Smells, Feels Wrap up this lesson by bringing students together for a sharing session. Begin by asking students to suggest words that describe leaves . List these words on chart paper. On a second piece of chart paper, write the words looks, smells, and feels across the top. Display the word list and the chart, then invite students to take turns classifying the words, copying the words from the list on leaf-shaped cards, then pasting them under the correct heading. Challenge students to add new words to each column, too.
  34. 49. Like a Leaf For a change of pace, invite students to dramatize falling leaves in different kinds of weather. Introduce the activity by looking at the weather outside. Is it a calm day? Windy? Pouring? If you can, play appropriate music. (Clips from a software program such as the Microsoft Composer Series on CD-ROM make it easy to jump from one musical selection to another). Ask students to &quot;fall&quot; the way they think leaves would in the kind of weather you describe.
  35. 50. This game consist on put into groups according with the parts of this work: harvest, nature, festivals and back to school. There are 32 cards.
  36. 56. Autumn Vocabulary <ul><li>Harvest: plow, plant, sow, soil, seed, barley, hay wheat, crop, stook, </li></ul><ul><li>Scarecrow </li></ul><ul><li>crops: fruit,corn,hay,pumkin, rice, vegetables. </li></ul><ul><li>months: September, October, November, December </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits: apple, pear, grape, nuts, chestnuts, acorn, orange </li></ul><ul><li>Colours: green, red, orange, brown, yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Weather: windy, raining, cloud, foggy,someday sunny, umbrella,sweater </li></ul><ul><li>Trees: maple,leaf, leaves fall, leaves changing colour, ginkgo </li></ul><ul><li>Tools: plow, harrow, rake, axe, pitchfork, flay cradle scythe. </li></ul><ul><li>Animals: birds, crow, sparrow, squirrel, bear, snail, spider. </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes: jacket, raincoat, hat, boots. </li></ul>
  37. 59. acorn bear harvest snail spider
  38. 61. rain mushroon tree umbrella web jack-o-lanter
  39. 65. worksheets
  40. 74. crosswords <ul><li>Autumn crosswords </li></ul>
  41. 83. The two squirrels on top of the page have 6 acorns to share. In which ways can they divide the acorns? The children cut out 6 acorns each time and divide them between the 2 squirrels. The squares are used to paste the acorns on. The children must use different numbers each time.
  42. 85. Customize the leaves to create a literary rich environment.
  43. 87. autumn
  44. 88. tree
  45. 92. leave crop fall Corn Yellow Brown Hay Fruit Rake Farmer Harvest September October November
  46. 93. cards
  48. 99. Autumn game: 6 family game <ul><li>How to play </li></ul><ul><li>Fron 2 to 5 players </li></ul><ul><li>The cards are given out to the players </li></ul><ul><li>Each one, at his turn, tries to obtein from the others the cards they need to complete the families. </li></ul><ul><li>“ have you got a green raincoat?” “ Yes, Here you are” </li></ul><ul><li>If he has got it, he gives it him/her. </li></ul><ul><li>If he has not it, then it is his/her turn. “ I am sorry, I haven´t got it” </li></ul><ul><li>The winner is who has joined more families . </li></ul>
  49. 101. grey raincoat grey basket grey umbrella grey rake grey hat grey boots
  50. 102. yellow raincoat yellow basket yellow umbrella yellow rake yellow hat yellow boots
  51. 103. green raincoat green basket green umbrella green rake green hat green boots
  52. 104. red raincoat red basket red umbrella red rake red hat red boots
  53. 105. purple raincoat purple basket purple umbrella purple rake purple hat purple boots
  54. 106. blue raincoat blue basket blue umbrella blue rake blue hat blue boots
  55. 107. brown raincoat brown basket brown umbrella brown rake brown hat brown boots
  56. 108. Corn crops scarecrow apples acorns oak leaf maple leaves ginkgo leaves grapes Mushroom Salmon geese squirrel jacket harvest moon, hay chestnuts crow sparrow turkey Jack-O'Lantern rake pumpkins farmer
  57. 113. Fall rhymes
  58. 116. Cooking in Autumn
  59. 117. Spiral apple tart With a shortbread crust, a cheesecakelike filling, and a delicately spiced apple topping, this elegant tart tastes divine and is a blast for kids to prepare. Our kid testers said arranging the apples in circles was &quot;the best part.&quot;
  60. 118. Ingredients CRUST: 1 1/4 cups all-purpose flour 3 tablespoons confectioners sugar 1/2 cup butter, cut into 1-inch pieces FILLING: 2 8-ounce packages cream cheese, softened 1 egg 1/3 cup brown sugar 1 teaspoon vanilla extract TOPPING: 5 to 6 firm apples, peeled, cored,and thinly sliced 1/2 cup sugar 1 teaspoon cinnamon 1/2 teaspoon nutmeg 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour 1 tablespoon butter GLAZE: 1/2 cup apricot jam 1 tablespoon water
  61. 119. To make the crust Stir the flour and confectioners' sugar in a mixing bowl. (Have your child pinch and squeeze the butter into the flour with his fingertips until the butter pieces are pea-size). Transfer the crumbly mixture into an 11-inch tart pan and spread it evenly around the pan. Press the mixture into the bottom and sides of the pan. Cover with plastic wrap and freeze while you prepare the filling. To make the filling Next, make the cream cheese filling. Use an electric mixer to beat the cream cheese and egg until they are light and smooth. Beat in the brown sugar and vanilla extract. Set aside. Heat the oven to 375°. In a mixing bowl, toss the apple slices with the sugar, cinnamon, nutmeg, and flour. Spread the cream cheese filling evenly over the chilled tart shell. Then, beginning on the outside edge, arrange the apples on top of the filling in overlapping circles. Pour any remaining juices from the bowl over the apples, then dot with the butter. Bake the tart for about 1 hour or until the juices bubble and the apples turn tender. If the crust and apples begin to brown, cover the tart with the foil during the last 20 minutes of baking. Remove and cool .
  62. 120. teaspoon tablespoon cup sugar eggs Apricot jam flour cinnamon butter nutmeg bowl Brown sugar apples Electric mixer oven
  63. 121. verbs Stir, mix, transfer, squeeze, spread, press, cover, make, use, beat, remove, bake, freze,toss
  64. 123. Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.
  65. 124. Autumn is here and time to get ready for: PUMPKINS <ul><li>MAGIC PUMPKIN PIE </li></ul><ul><li>1 unbaked 9&quot; pastry shell </li></ul><ul><li>2 cups pumpkin (16 or 17 oz can) </li></ul><ul><li>1 can Borden's Eagle Brand Milk </li></ul><ul><li>1 Egg </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 teaspoon salt </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 teaspoon nutmeg </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 teaspoon ginger </li></ul><ul><li>3/4 teaspoon cinnamon </li></ul><ul><li>In large mixing bowl, blend together all ingredients. Put in pie shell. Bake in 375 deg. (moderate oven) until center tests done - about 50 to 55 minutes. Cool. Refrigerate at least one hour before serving. </li></ul>
  66. 125. <ul><li>For this project you will need : </li></ul><ul><li>Pine Cone </li></ul><ul><li>1- inch Pom - pom ( If you use a larger pine cone , you will want to use a larger pom - pom ) </li></ul><ul><li>Wiggle Eyes </li></ul><ul><li>5mm Pom - pom </li></ul><ul><li>Bumpy Chenille Stem </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Chenille Stem </li></ul><ul><li>Wooden Bead </li></ul><ul><li>Craft Glue ( You can also use a Hot Glue Gun and Glue Sticks ) </li></ul><ul><li>Old Scissors or Wire Cutters ( For Cutting Chenille Stems </li></ul>
  67. 126. Chenille stem Wooden beads scissors Pine cone Craft glue Wiggle eyes Pom-pom
  69. 128. crafts
  70. 129. Start out by gluing the 1-inch pom-pom on the pointy end of the pine cone. The pom-pom will be the squirrel's head and the pine cone will be the body. Once you have the head glued on, use your glue to attach at wiggle eyes onto the head and also the nose (the 5mm pom-pom).
  71. 130. To make the ears , cut two pieces of chenille stem, about an inch long, and fold them in half to form a 'V' shape. Glue each inverted 'V' onto the top of the squirrel's head to look like ears. If you prefer, you can also use scrap pieces of felt or craft foam to make the ears
  72. 131. For the squirrel's feet , cut two pieces of chenille stem about 2-inches long. Fold each piece in half and glue them to the bottom, front edge of the pine cone body. For the tail , I cut off 2 bumps from the chenile stem. I folded them in half and twisted the ends together. For attaching the tail glue the twisted end of the chenille stem bumps to the back of the pine cone to form the tail. Bend the top of the tail down a bit to give it a little shape
  73. 132. For the squirrel's arms , cut two more pieces of chenille stem, again, about 2-inches long. Glue one to each side of the pine cone body.
  74. 133. WANT SOMETHING TO DO NOW? Here are some experiments you can do with plants. You can ask an adult to help you. Have fun! Experiment 1 Take three pots and put some soil in the pots. Put some fast-growing seeds in each pot, for example, cress or radishes. Now put the pots in places that have different light, for example, put one in a room with lots of sunlight, one in a room that has a little light, and one in a cupboard. Look at the pots every day. What happens to the seeds? Write a report about the experiment. Experiment 2 Fill a jar with some water. Add some food colouring. Put a stick of celery or a stem with a white flower in the water. What happens to the celery stick or the flower petals? Write a report about the experiment.
  75. 135. Paper Plate Scarecrow Craft Kit Be sure to have adult supervision if using a hot glue gun for this craft. 1. Glue the brown foam brim to the foam hat. Glue the brown foam circle to the center of the foam sunflower. Glue the green foam leaves to the back of the foam sunflower. Glue the completed sunflower to the hat. 2. To make the hair, fold eight pieces of long yellow felt in half and glue to the backside of the foam hat as shown. To make the bangs, fold four pieces of short yellow felt in half and glue to the backside of the foam hat as shown. 3. Glue the remaining felt strips to the top of the foam hat. Glue the completed hat to the paper plate scarecrow head as shown. 4. Glue the orange foam nose to the center of the scarecrow's face. Glue the red gingham bow to the front of the paper plate. 5. To make the hanger, glue the two ends of the yellow satin ribbon to the back of the foam hat. Allow time for craft to completely dry. Supplies needed (substitutes may be used): Flower pattern Hay pattern Hat pattern Nose pattern Googly eyes Ribbon for tie Glue Brown craft foam (light and dark colors) Orange craft foam Yellow craft foam White craft foam Green craft foam Paper plate Permanent Marker
  76. 136. Fall Leaves Recipe Holder Supplies needed (substitutes may be used): Miniature pots Leaf pattern Googly eyes Plaid ribbon Permanent marker Clip to hold recipe card Glue Brown craft foam Orange craft foam Yellow craft foam Red craft foam
  77. 137. Bookmark <ul><li>Cardboard </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Crayons </li></ul><ul><li>Felt-tip-pen </li></ul><ul><li>Glue </li></ul><ul><li>scissors </li></ul>