Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
Six-year-old Charlie has been seeing his pediatrician for checkups every year ...
Which of the following statements regarding punishment is true?
An action intended to punish may instead be reinforcing be...
to teach her how to build blocks?
systematic desensitization
stimulus generalization
shaping
counterconditioning
Question ...
done this?
To increase social loafing
To reduce groupthink
To reduce prejudice
To increase diffusion of responsibility.
ye...
In one experiment, people read a list of statements and rated each statement on a true/false scale. A
week or two later, t...
Some premises are implicit and some are not supplied at all.
The problem typically has personal relevance.
Problems are so...
Confirmation bias
Justification of effort
Hindsight bias
Availability heuristic
yes
Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 po...
Justification of effort
Availability heuristic
Confirmation bias
yes
Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
Someone a...
Elaborative rehearsal
Maintenance rehearsal
yes
Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
Which of the following is an e...
yes
Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
In the memory game Who Wants to be a Millionaire? information is given to...
Which of the following anxiety disorders is the most disabling?
obsessive-compulsive disorder
generalized anxiety disorder...
schizophrenia
yes
Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
Which of the following is not a major symptom of schizophren...
serotonin reuptake inhibitors
tricyclic antidepressants
yes
Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
Jackie is trying t...
family therapist
existential therapist
yes
Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
What is the primary goal of cogniti...
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week 5-7 psychology.docx (186K) - Homework Help, Online Tutoring ...

  1. 1. Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Six-year-old Charlie has been seeing his pediatrician for checkups every year and fears the shots he receives each time. Now, even when he is not going to receive a shot, Charlie cries when the pediatrician enters the room because he associates the pediatrician with shots. What type of learning/conditioning has taken place? latent learning. classical conditioning operant conditioning. observational learning yes Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Tolman and Honzik (1930) tested three groups of rats in a learning maze. For all groups, the reinforcement conditions were different. Which group demonstrated latent learning? rats that received no reinforcement until the eleventh day of practice; and after that, they were reinforced for every maze solution rats that received a food reinforcement each time they solved the maze all three groups of rats rats that did not receive a food reinforcement yes Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
  2. 2. Which of the following statements regarding punishment is true? An action intended to punish may instead be reinforcing because it brings attention. The effectiveness of punishment is usually permanent. Most misbehavior is easy to punish immediately. Punishment teaches the recipient what the person should and should not do. yes Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Jane is a middle-aged woman who has always been afraid of heights. What technique would best help her overcome her phobia? spontaneous recovery counterconditioning stimulus discrimination systematic desensitization yes Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) One-year-old Hannah is learning how to build blocks. At first, her father hands her a block, lets her place it down, and praises her. The next time, he puts one block on top of another, and she does the same thing. Soon, she is able to stack blocks without any help. What learning process did Hannah's father use
  3. 3. to teach her how to build blocks? systematic desensitization stimulus generalization shaping counterconditioning Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) David discovered when he walked into class that the first exam in his psychology class was being given that day. After his initial panic, he decided that the test could only involve common sense, so he'd do fine. After David flunked the test, he complained about the professor and the way test items were worded. Which of the following best explains David's behavior? Fundamental attribution error Just-world hypothesis Validity effect Self-serving bias yes Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Since Elizabeth became president of the school board, she has encouraged expressions of dissent and has based decisions on majority rule rather than unanimity. What is the best explanation for why she has
  4. 4. done this? To increase social loafing To reduce groupthink To reduce prejudice To increase diffusion of responsibility. yes Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) In Milgram's obedience study, when were people most likely to disobey? (There are two possible correct answers here.) When the experimenter was in the room. When the person ordering them to continue was an authoritative experimenter. When the victim was in the room. Two experimenters issued conflicting demands. yes Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
  5. 5. In one experiment, people read a list of statements and rated each statement on a true/false scale. A week or two later, they again rated the truth to the statements and also rated others that they had not seen before. The experimenters found that mere repetition increased the perception that the familiar statements were true. What did this experiment demonstrate? Social loafing Contact hypothesis Validity effect acculturation yes Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is the first step in increasing people's resistance to coercive persuasion? Dispel their illusion of invulnerability to coercive tactics Dispel their illusion of unanimity Discourage entrapment Discourage self-censorship Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following statements about formal reasoning is true?
  6. 6. Some premises are implicit and some are not supplied at all. The problem typically has personal relevance. Problems are solved as a means of achieving other goals. There is typically one correct answer. yes Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) In spite of the fact that Ted went through a tough hazing to join a social club, he found that he was really glad he had joined and turned into one of the group's most loyal members. What type of mental reevaluation does this illustrate? Justification of effort. Implicit learning Confirmation bias. Hindsight bias. yes Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) When Sarah's doctor told her that glucose test indicated diabetes, she said, "I knew it all along that I had diabetes." What reasoning does this illustrate?
  7. 7. Confirmation bias Justification of effort Hindsight bias Availability heuristic yes Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Ann Marie scores high on standardized intelligence tests and excels in metacognition. This illustrates which aspect of Sternberg's triarchic theory? experiential contextual componential emotional yes Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Doug decided not to fly to California for a business meeting because of a recent airplane crash that had been widely publicized. What type of thinking did Doug use to make his decision not to fly? Hindsight bias
  8. 8. Justification of effort Availability heuristic Confirmation bias yes Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Someone asks you to describe one of your family vacations. You have some direct recollection of the trip, but you also incorporate information from family stories and photographs to integrate into one account. Later, you may not be able to separate your original experience from what you added after the fact. What is this phenomenon? State-dependent memory Source amnesia Flashbulb memory Childhood amnesia yes Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Suppose you are studying the three-box model of memory. Rather than simply memorize the definitions of this model, you encode the main elements of each memory storage system and think about how each system has affect you. What strategy are you using to help you remember it? Automatic encoding Shallow processing
  9. 9. Elaborative rehearsal Maintenance rehearsal yes Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following is an example of procedural memory? What your favorite color is How many quarters equal a dollar How to swim Where you attended school yes Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) If you cannot remember where you parked your car in a parking lot, what type of long-term memory would help you remember? episodic procedural implicit semantic
  10. 10. yes Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) In the memory game Who Wants to be a Millionaire? information is given to you and you have to pick the answer from a set of alternatives. This games requires _________. recall recognition mnemonics Semantic categories Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is the main characteristic of generalized anxiety disorder? distorted perceptions of reality inability to function in most aspects of life rigid, maladaptive traits that cause great distress continuous, uncontrollable anxiety yes Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points)
  11. 11. Which of the following anxiety disorders is the most disabling? obsessive-compulsive disorder generalized anxiety disorder bipolar disorder agoraphobia yes Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following explanations of drug abuse fits the learning model of addiction? An addict needs the same treatment and support group forever. The degree of addiction will vary, depending on the situation. A person is either addicted or not. Once an addict, always an addict. yes Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following is not an anxiety disorder? phobias panic disorder obsessive-compulsive disorder
  12. 12. schizophrenia yes Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Which of the following is not a major symptom of schizophrenia? hallucinations multiple personalities incoherent thinking delusions yes Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Jason suffers from bipolar disorder. His psychiatrist prescribes a medication that must be carefully monitored, because too little is not effective and too much is toxic. What type of drug is prescribed? lithium carbonate monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  13. 13. serotonin reuptake inhibitors tricyclic antidepressants yes Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) Jackie is trying to change her eating habits. Her therapist is concerned that Jackie is not aware of how much she eats throughout the day at work to relieve her stress, so he asks her to writes down what she eats and the amount consumed every day for two weeks. What is this technique? behavioral record exposure treatment skills training systematic desensitization yes Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What therapist would maintain that problems develop in a social context, that these problems are sustained by a social context, and that any change an individual makes will affect that context? humanist therapist psychodynamic therapist
  14. 14. family therapist existential therapist yes Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What is the primary goal of cognitive-behavioral therapy? modification of individual habits and family patterns insight into unconscious motives and feelings modification of behavior and irrational beliefs insight and self-fulfillment yes Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 1 points) What type of therapy is most effective for treating bed-wetting? behavior therapy cognitive therapy family therapy psychodynamic therapy

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