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  1. 1. Appendix to Interim Report of Secretary General Submitted Committee Reports June 2004 Brief Reports from Regional Committee Chairs: ARC - page 2 APRC - page 5 CEERC - page 8 WERC - page 9 IAC-USNC - page 11 LARC - page 14 IBRO WEB - page 15 Committee Reports: Publications Committee - page 18 International Registry of Neuroscience Training Programs - page 20 Equipment Exchange Program - page 24 Clinical/Basic Science Links Program - page 26 Animals in Research Committee -page 27 Symposia and Workshops Committee - page 29 Supporting Members Campaign - page 30 Neuro-grants Information - page 31 Return Home Program - page 32 Visiting Lecture Team Program - page 35 Science Advisory Program - page 36 Fellowships and Travel Grants - page37 Page 1 of 391
  2. 2. Mid-Year Report on the IBRO Africa Region committee (ARC) for ECM 10th July 2004, Lisbon (at FENS 2004 Congress) The ARC is pleased to report highlights of several activities and developments in the past few months since the last presentation to the Executive Committee at the SFN meeting in New Orleans in November 2004. The committee emphasises the success of the IBRO Schools in Africa and lists those planned for 2004. The ARC also oversaw several other activities during the past year. Many of these have resulted in success stories toward the education of young people in Neuroscience. These are too long to reiterate in this report but have been reported on the IBRO website. The first two recipients of the Rita Levi-Montalcini Fellowships also send encouraging reports on their progress in US and South African laboratories. The ARC remains positive and looks forward to organising various activities for rest of 2004 and year 2005. 1) ARC Membership and Meetings: Current membership (elected members): Raj Kalaria (chair, RNK), Willie Daniels (SA), Nouria Lakhdar-Ghazal (Morocco), Nilesh Patel (Kenya), Vivienne Russell (SA), Wail Benjelloun (Morocco), Najoua Miladi (Tunisia), Yiezekiel Ben-Ari (France- Egypt). Two members will step down or aside (NP, YBA) and two will stand for re-election (VR and NLG) this year. Non-voting ARC members: Karniyus S Gamaniel (Nigeria), Pierre Luabeya (Congo) and Gallo Diop (Senegal). Ratified by ARC July 2003. SONA members and an International Advisory Group also help the ARC to tackle various activities including the schools programme in Africa responsibilities. Last full meeting of ARC took place in Abuja, Nigeria, April 2003. A sub-committee meeting to decide on organisers and venues of IBRO schools 2004 in Africa was held on 18th December 2003. ARC has also nominated several SONA members for various tasks in IBRO committees: Wail Benjelloun (Morocco; Membership); Pierre Luabeya (Congo; Fellowships); Santy Daya (SA; Schools Board). Half of ARC will meet in Lisbon during FENS to check progress and discuss budget for 2005. 2) ARC activities late 2003: African Neuroscience Societies and IBRO: Five African organisations are represented on IBRO Governing Council. These include the Society of Neuroscientists of Africa (SONA), Moroccan Association of Neuroscience (MAN) Southern African Neuroscience Society (SANS), Kenyan Society for Neuroscience (KSN) and Nigerian Society for Neuroscience (NSN). The ARC is currently working with the groups in Senegal and Egypt to apply. IBRO African Schools 2003: ARC members organised and held two successful schools in 2003. 1) The Fourth IBRO Neuroscience School in South Africa was held 1-7 September 2003, in collaboration with the INHMA (Institute of Neuroscience, Mental health and Addiction) of Canada in Cape Town. This Advanced school was on “Neurophysiology and Epilepsy.” 2) The 5th IBRO Neuroscience school on “Essential and Behavioural Neuroscience” was held 14-21 December in Nairobi, Kenya. Neuroscience course with IBRO VLTP: A two-day neuroscience course was held in Kampala, Uganda on 9th -10th December, 2003. This was the first neuroscience activity to take place in Uganda. This was attended by 50 biologists, physiologists, neurologists and psychiatrists. Full report is available on the IBRO website. Page 2 of 392
  3. 3. 3) ARC activities 2004: mid year report IBRO African Schools 2004: Contingent upon co-sponsorship the ARC plans to oversee at least three Basic and Advanced IBRO Neuroscience Schools in 2004. These are: i. The 6th IBRO School, with SFN and ISNeuropath support, will take place in Grahamstown, South Africa, 12-19 September, 2004. Theme “Neurodegeneration and Regeneration.” Organisers: S Daya (SA) and VR Russell (SA). The SFN team will hold a workshop on “Neurobiology of Epilepsy,” 19-20 Sept, after the school to be organised by J Noebels (USA and S Daya (SA). ii. The 7th IBRO School to be supported by INMHA and IBRO will take place in Rabat, Morocco, 2-9 Oct 2004. Theme “Hormones and Brain” to be organised by N Lakhdar- Ghazal (Morocco) and D Pittman (Canada). iii. The 8th IBRO School to be co-sponsored by the International Society for Neurochemistry (ISN) and IBRO will be held in Nairobi, Kenya, 1-8 Nov 2004. Theme “Neuropharmacology and Molecular neuroscience” to be organised by N Patel (Kenya), R Butterworth (Canada) and R Halliwell (USA). iv. ARC will support up to five (5) distinctive African candidates to attend the INMED-TINS conference in La Coitat and laboratory sessions in Marseilles, France in September, 2004. Candidates will be selected from best submitted applications by an ad hoc committee consisting of ARC members and other International experts. Tentative plans to hold a short neuroscience course on brain ageing and dementia in Tunis, Tunisia 3-6? Dec 2004. Organisers: N Miladi (Tunisia) and A Mrabet (Tunisia) 4) Africa Regional meetings in 2004: The APRONES organisation of Congo will host the second Regional neuroscience meeting in Kinshasa, Congo. The meeting on neurological diseases held 8th –10th November, 2004 to be organised by P Luabeya (DRC). 5) SONA 2005-Biennial conference of African Neuroscience and an IBRO Regional Congress: The ARC funds will be utilised to support a large neuroscience meeting in Cape Town, South Africa. This Congress to follow the CINP congress will be held 20-22 April 2005. 6) More ARC Activities planned in 2005: 1) VLTP in Uganda in February 2005 (to be organised by Jack McMahon in collaboration with Uganda Neuroscience Interest Group); 2) ISNeurochem with IBRO to support an IBRO school in Morocco (September or October); 3) Tentative plans with Fogarty centre support to organise a neuroscience course in Bamako, Mali (local contact Dr Traore). 7) Other ARC developments Libraries: Seven centres in the continent continue to benefit from the Development Aid for African Libraries. These centres have invariably taken advantage of the Science Direct, HINARI and Greenfield’s Neuropathology (Arnolds) initiatives. SONA (and ARC) website: IBRO is aiding SONA to develop a fully functional website that will also be used to publicize ARC activities. The Webmaster of this site is based at the University of Nairobi, site of the SONA Secretariat. Page 3 of 393
  4. 4. ARC Travel awards and visit grants: Small Travel grants and Fellowships continue to be awarded by the ARC on an individual basis. Four individuals have been helped in past 12 months to attend international conferences and visit other neuroscientists within Africa. Two African neuroscientists will participate at the FENS congress in Lisbon, 10-13 July 2004. Acknowledgments: I take this opportunity to thank the ARC as well as our non-voting members, several International Advisors and senor faculty in African Universities, who all gave freely of their time and energies for the advancement of Neuroscience in Africa. The committee would like to say asante sana to all at IBRO including Jenny Lund, Albert Aguayo, Olga, Stephanie and Andree for always supporting our activities and the continued encouragement. Submitted by Prof Raj Kalaria, Chair, Africa Region Committee of IBRO Page 4 of 394
  5. 5. 2004 Interim Report of the IBRO Asia-Pacific Regional Committee (APRC) Members Samuel Chan (Kaohsiung), Ying-Shing. Chan (Hong Kong, Chair), Andrew Gundlach (Melbourne), Chao-Yi Li (Shanghai), Elspeth McLachlan (Sydney), Fereshteh Motamedi (Tehran), Hitoshi Okamoto (Wako), and Hee-Sup Shin (Seoul). The last Committee Meeting was held in Sydney on October 19, 2003. Election of 4 new members took place in May/June 2004. The new Committee will be in place by July 2004. Sub-grouping of IBRO–APRC In view of the geographic separation and diverse level of development within our region, two sub- groups will be formed under one central APRC that will be the governing body. After consulting various National Societies of FAONS, the sub-grouping is as follows: Group A: China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Group B: Australia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Singapore, and Sri Lanka. Implementation will take place in July 2004 after the election of 4 APRC members. It is envisaged that the sub-grouping will facilitate the organization of more activities to target our diverse needs. Members (who have no voting power) will be co-opted to the sub- groups. Project proposals from each sub-group will be vetted at the level of APRC, i.e. there will not be a simple earmarked allocation of resources to individual sub-groups. Cross-fertilization between sub-groups must be maintained. For example, young neuroscientists from one sub-group should be financially supported to participate in programs organized by the other sub-group. Associate Schools of Neuroscience a. 1st Associate School (Chiang Mai, Thailand) – February 23-27, 2004 This was held in Chiang Mai University in collaboration with The Thai Neuroscience Society and The Neurology Society of Thailand. Thirty students attended this School: 21 from Thailand, 3 from Philippines, 2 from Malaysia, 2 from Laos, 1 from Bhutan, and 1 from Vietnam. Most were MD and MSc students, with a few junior PhD students. Six overseas teachers (Australia, Hong Kong) and 2 local teachers delivered talks in the School. After attending lectures, students, under the supervision of local instructors, used PubMed to search for relevant articles and information. Student presentations were conducted in groups. a. 2nd Associate School (Chongqing, China) – May 26-30, 2004 This was held in The Third Military Medical University in collaboration with The Chongqing Neuroscience Society. Thirty-six students attended this School: 29 from China, 4 from Thailand, 2 from India, and 1 from Vietnam. Most were MSc students and junior PhD students. Six overseas teachers (Australia, Korea, Hong Kong) delivered talks in the School. The format of this School was modified from that of the Chiang Mai School. Before coming to the Associate School, students were given 10 research articles related to the topics of the Page 5 of 395
  6. 6. lectures. Students were divided into groups for the PubMed search sessions. Ample time was given to group discussion. Students also had 2 sessions in conducting computer-assisted practical. In the last day, students presented what they have learned in the School and discussed results of their PubMed search. School of Neuroscience The IBRO School originally scheduled in Dec 2003 was held in Hong Kong (April 19-30, 2004) with the assistance of The Hong Kong Society of Neurosciences. The budget of this School was derived from the 2003 APRC budget. The purpose of the School was to provide a platform for senior PhD students and junior post- doctoral fellows in the Asia-Pacific region to acquire knowledge of both theoretical and technological advances in key areas of neuroscience research. Other than lectures and tutorials, 5 mini-projects ran as a strand through the practical sessions in different research laboratories. Each student chose one of these 5 themes for practical sessions. At the end of the School, students had a half-day presentation of their work in the School. During the School, students also attended an International Symposium on Neural Plasticity, Development & Repair (April 22-23) and presented their own research work as posters. Twenty-five students were selected by the IBRO-APRC. The selected students were from Australia (3), China (11), India (3), Iran (2), Philippines (1), Singapore (2), Taiwan (1), and Thailand (2). While travel and accommodation expenses for the students came from IBRO-APRC, the overseas teachers (Australia, Japan, Korea, USA) were supported by The Croucher Foundation (Hong Kong). The local teachers were from The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, and Hong Kong Baptist University. Exchange Fellowships & Travel Awards for Young Neuroscientists a. An Exchange Fellowship Scheme (age limit at 40 years old) was launched in February 2004. Both the applicant and the host laboratory have to be within our region. Applicants must also provide strong justification that he/she will return to the home country after the exchange. In the first exercise, awards were given to 4 candidates (from China and India) for them to perform 6-month research in Australia, Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Another exercise will be conducted in the last quarter of 2004. b. In collaboration with FAONS, IBRO-APRC provided travel support, through competitive means, for 15 young neuroscientist (from China, India, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam) to present papers in the 2nd Symposium of FAONS (Tehran; May 17-19, 2004). c. IBRO-APRC also offered travel support to 4 young neuroscientists, especially those from disadvantaged countries to attend conferences. Earmarked funds were also awarded to candidates in attending the RIKEN Summer Program (3) and the MBL Course (1). Two of these candidates are alumni of former IBRO Schools. d. Funding was provided to 2 Symposium & Workshop (China, Sri Lanka) in supporting young neuroscientists in attending the events. Selection of suitable candidates will be done by APRC. Book Fund Activity An agreement was reached with the publisher (Science Press, Beijing) of The Chinese Page 6 of 396
  7. 7. Translation of the book “From Neuron to Brain, 4/E, by John Nicholls, et al.” that 100 books were purchased with a nominal price. After consultation with the Chinese Society for Neuroscience, 80 books will be distributed to various university libraries within China and the remaining books will be distributed as "book prize" in the forthcoming Biennial Congress of the Chinese Society for Neuroscience (Sept. 2005). Future Activities a. The 3rd IBRO Associate School will take place in Cochin, India (September 2004). b. The 5th IBRO School will take place in Bangkok, Thailand (December 2004). c. The 2nd round of application for the APRC Exchange Fellowships will be launched in the last quarter of 2004. Ying-Shing Chan Chair, IBRO-APRC June 15, 2004 Page 7 of 397
  8. 8. IBRO Committee for Central and Eastern Europe Activities in 2003 and 2004 The most important IBRO activity last year in the Region was obviously the IBRO Congress in Prague, organized in July 2003 mainly by Eva Sykova and Josef Syka. The Congress was a great success. The CEERC provided 30 fellowships allowing young researchers from the Region to participate in the Congress. In line with its rules, the Committee has supported 7 symposia and 4 short research visits within the Region. In 2003 there were two IBRO schools in the Region. Traditional, Summer School that has been our landmark was carried out in Warsaw (Poland), this time on molecular neurobiology and organized by Bozena Kaminska, Jacek Kuznicki, Ryszard Przewlocki, and Leszek Kaczmarek and entitled "IBRO CEERC School of Molecular Neurobiology: Communicating Between Synapse and Nucleus: From Receptors to Genes to Extracellular Matrix". Twenty-four students from 7 countries attended the school that included morning lectures and afternoon practicals. In addition a special WERC/CERC IBRO and FENS school was organized by Ivica Kostovic in Zagreb and Dubrovnik (Croatia) on cortical development with 26 students in attendance. Major activities planned for 2004 are three schools. The regular, yearly, CEERC Summer School will be organized by Pavel Balaban, Mikhail Ostrovsky and Konstantin Anokhin in Moscow on "Sensory and Integrative Neuroscience: From Receptors to Behavior" Moscow, Russia, August 18-31, 2004. Another school on “Receptors, Channels, Messengers” will be held September 16-28 2004 in Yalta, Crimea, Ukraine organized by Platon Kostyuk, Oleg Krishtal and Elena Lukyanetz from Kiev. Furthermore, Maja Bresjanac has organized Cognitive Neuroscience Summer School on Working Memory in Bled, Slovenia, July 10-17, 2004. The CEERC is also providing 30 travel fellowships for the FENS Forum, Lisbon, Portugal, July 10-14, 2004. Several symposia within the region as well as a number of local research visits are also supported, after electronic evaluation of the applications by the CEERC members. Leszek Kaczmarek CEERC IBRO Chair Nencki Institute, Warsaw, Poland Page 8 of 398
  9. 9. Interim Report of the Western European Regional Committee June 2004 Activities this year: 1) Winter IBRO’s WERC/FENS School in Kitzbuel, Austria : Co-funded by FENS. This school is held on even years, when the FENS summer school is not operating or when the FENS Forum takes place. 2) IBRO’s WERC/CEERC/FENS School in Slovenia: Co-funded by FENS and CEERC. 3) School of Computational Neuroscience in Obidos, Portugal: Co-funded by the European Commission (EUR 15000) and by the Boehringer Ingelheim Foundation (EUR 10000). Directors: Prof. Ad Aertsen, University of Freiburg, Prof. Alain Destexhe, CNRS, Prof. Klaus Obermayer, Technical University of Berlin, Prof. Eilon Vaadia, Hebrew University, Jerusalem. This school has been highly successful in the past and is now in its eighth year. WERC’s contribution will cover the travel and living expenses for students and faculty from less favored non-EU countries in Europe and overseas. Computational neuroscience is still in need for development in many countries. Moreover, despite the OECD initiative within the European megascience program only a few of the recognized laboratories have been funded. In most developing countries the number of scientists trained in this field is still small, and specialized courses are probably not offered anywhere outside Europe, North America, Australia and Japan. On the other hand, computational neuroscience is not expensive to run (little equipment or supplies needed) and therefore easy to start up in developing countries. Several of the students from developing countries that have participated in previous courses at this school have returned to their home country and are active there. Detailed information about the past courses is also available via the course’s web-page (: 4) IBRO’s WERC/FENS PhD Fellowship Programme: Co-funded by WERC and FENS. WERC funded two fellowships and FENS one Fellowship for a maximum of 24,000 euros each. 5) WERC’s Travel Grants to 4thFENS Forum (Lisbon, July 2004): These travel Grants are co-funded by FENS (>30,000 euros). WERC wanted to support the participation of the best young neuroscientists from the less privileged countries in Europe and around the Mediterranean as well as from of the poor countries overseas. These funds were distributed as a joint task between WERC and Page 9 of 399
  10. 10. IBRO’s Fellowships & Travel Grants Committee. Travel Grants were awarded according to travel distance, ranging from 500 to 1,000 euros, as a maximum. a) School in Seville-PhD course for Latin Americans. This program was funded since 2001 on a contract basis. 7) WERC/FENS International Neuroscience School This is the latest of WERC new initiatives. Its main aim is to use existent facilities in a few selected European institutions to house courses and train students from abroad as well as from the European continent. Discussion is still ciontinuing regarding locations for this program. Gaetano Di Chiara, Chair WERC Page 10 of 3910
  11. 11. U.S./Canada Regional Committee Interim Report The joint U.S./Canada Regional Committee, (also known as the IAC-USNC IBRO/SfN International Affairs Committee/National Academy of Sciences U.S. National Committee for IBRO) held its semi-annual meeting on April 14, 2004 at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC. The IAC-USNC is jointly appointed by the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and represents the interests of both organizations in IBRO. The committee aims to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge to the world’s neuroscientists particularly those in underdeveloped countries; promote research and professional training activities across international boarders; and enhance public awareness of neuroscience worldwide. In addition to support from SfN, NAS and IBRO, the committee is supported by funding from the National Institutes of Health, specifically, The National Institute on Drug Abuse, The National Institute on Mental Health, and The National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The committee has embarked on several outreach activities to meet the needs of the global neuroscience community. Via the internet ( the committee continues to organize a lecture series to bring up-to-date neuroscience information to researchers in developing countries. The web-based neuroscience lectures are accessible by scientists worldwide and feature narrated slides by prominent neuroscientists. Currently featured on the site is a web symposium entitled, The Neurobiology of Stress, Fear, and Anxiety: Basic and Clinical Aspects by Dr. Bruce McEwen of The Rockefeller University. Other web lectures that were mentioned in previous reports but are still accessible through the site include, Neuroscience in the New Millenium, by Dr. Gerald Fischbach of NINDS, Pleiotrpic Action of Reelin in Psychosis, by Dr. Erminio Costa of The University of Chicago at Illinois, and Approaches to Reducing Neuronal Death After Acute Brain Ischemia, by Dr. Dennis Choi of Merck Research Labs. Posted very soon will be Neurobiology of Disease Workshop, Epilepsy: Genes and Molecular Plasticity, which was featured at the 2003 SfN Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA, on Friday November 7. The IAC-USNC, in collaboration with the SfN Education Committee, and the faculty of the 2003 Neurobiology of Disease Workshop have made this workshop available for the IAC-USNC web site. The committee is also organizing “cyber seminars” in which we are looking for participants. The Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA was again designated by the IAC- USNC as the 2004 North American IBRO neuroscience school, and as such, the IAC- USNC encouraged international neuroscientists to apply to the MBL neuroscience programs. Acceptance into MBL neuroscience courses continues to be extremely competitive and decided by course directors. Successful applicants from developing countries, who are designated "IBRO fellows for Advanced Summer Courses in Neuroscience in North America", are eligible for substantial financial support, which, in addition to expenses incurred at Woods Hole, includes a two-year SfN membership and $1,500 USD in travel money to attend the following year’s SfN Annual Meeting. This will be the third year that MBL was chosen to be the North American Neuroscience School. Dr. John Hildebrand made efforts to encourage the applicants to include Page 11 of 3911
  12. 12. recommendation letters from IBRO course instructors and offered to arrange interviews for those applicants that do not know IBRO course instructors. Dr. Hildebrand also sent letters to the IBRO course directors asking them to identify star students living in developing countries for participation in the program. Despite these efforts the MBL directors decided to admit only three of the seventeen applicants. The awardees for summer 2004 courses are as follows: Maria Castello of The Institute de Investigaciones Biologicas will attend the Neural Systems and Behavior Course, Emiliano Merlo of the Ciudad Universitaria will attend the Neurobiology Course, and Milena Winograd of the Universidad Miguel Hernandez will attend the Methods in Computational Neuroscience Course. In the coming year, the IAC-USNC will request that IBRO carryover the funds that will not be used in 2004 for the North American IBRO School, MBL, for the program in 2005. In addition, the IAC-USNC is thinking about expanding the program to include Cold Spring Harbor as well as MBL. For its annual international activity, the IAC-USNC will hold the Neurobiology of Epilepsy workshop September 19-20, 2004 at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa. This two day workshop, offered in conjunction with the “Neurodegeneration and Regeneration” IBRO course, will be useful to a range of experts and non-experts, so clinicians, graduate level students considering further study in neuroscience, postdoctoral fellows, and faculty are encouraged to apply. We hope to find participants who then can pass the word on via teaching. Applications from all regions of Africa are encouraged, as are local applications. This workshop has been planned and organized with Santy Daya of Rhodes University, the organizer of the “Neurodegeneration and Regeneration” IBRO course. Many of the faculty members from the 2003 SfN Neurobiology of Disease Workshop will be instructing the workshop such as, Jeffrey Noebels, M.D., Ph.D., Baylor College of Medicine (workshop director), Dan Lowenstein, M.D., University of California San Francisco, Peter B. Crino, M.D., Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania, John Huguenard, Ph.D., Stanford Medical School, and Frances Jensen, M.D., Harvard Medical School. This activity is supported by the National Institutes of Health funding of the committee and support for the faculty travel was largely contributed by the American Epilepsy Society. The IAC-USNC would like to plan a course in conjunction with the Latin American Regional Committee to IBRO (LARC) in Venezuela for 2005. This course would cover the usual basics, neuroanatomy and neurophysiology with a neurogenetics special focus. Dr. Gregory Quirk of the Ponce School of Medicine in Puerto Rico has a letter of support for this program from the LARC Chairman, Dr. Omar Macdar. As discussed by the IAC-USNC members during the recent meeting in Washington, DC, two committee members expressed an interest in being nominated to work on two of IBRO’s committees. Dr. Mark Rasenick applied for the Basic Science/ Clinical links Committee and Dr. Gregory Quirk was interested in helping with the Return Home committee. Page 12 of 3912
  13. 13. The committee has continued to support 15 travel fellowships for students from developing countries to present an abstract at the 2004 SfN Annual Meeting in San Diego, CA. SfN also awarded 15 students nominated by SfN regional North American chapters travel fellowships to attend and present their work at the FENS Forum in Lisbon, Portugal. There are no such plans in the coming year as there is neither an IBRO Congress nor a FENS Forum in 2005. Members of the IAC-USNC include Bruce McEwen, Ph.D., Chair, Edward Jones, MD, D.Phil., Vice-chair, Michael Bennett, D.Phil., Francisco Gonzalez-Lima, PhD, John Hildebrand, Ph.D., Lynn Landmesser, Ph.D., Anthony G. Phillips, Ph.D., Gregory Quirk, Ph.D., Mark Rasenick, Ph.D., Janis Weeks, Ph.D., and Huda Y. Zoghbi, M.D. For more information about this committee, please contact Charyl Delaney at the Society for Neuroscience,; Marilee Shelton-Davenport, Ph.D. at the National Academy of Sciences, or visit their web site located at www.iac- Page 13 of 3913
  14. 14. Mid-year Latin America Regional Committee- LARC- report, June, 2004 As approved by the EC, LARC maintained the programs of training support with one new program that will be detailed at the end. 1. - Neuroscience Schools: We had two excellent schools: one that was already done before, in Mexico (at UNAM, DF this time) directed by Prof. F. Fernández de Miguel and a new one, in Santiago de Chile that alternates from this year on with the usual one in Montevideo. Both courses were very successful as previously reported to IBRO. For the rest of the year, we’ll have a school in Brazil (already done two years ago) and two new special schools: one in Juriquilla-Mexico, financed by the Grass Foundation and co-organized with the Society for Neuroscience. The other new school will be in Córdoba- Argentina financed and organized with INMHA (Canada). 2. - Regional Graduate courses: We have sponsored seven courses in the region during this first semester, in Argentina, Brazil (2), Colombia, Cuba, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela. We are finishing the selection of five courses for the second semester. All courses had excellent feed back from organizers, visiting professors and students. 3. - Regional exchange: Fourteen young neuroscientists from the region were supported. Candidates selected were graduate students who went to another country within the region to complement experiments or learn techniques that were important for their dissertation. For this year we are calling 24 fellowships. 4. - Special Support Program Two countries were chosen this year (Peru and Colombia) to receive financial and organizational support. Courses took place in the first semester in both countries, and new courses are being organized for the second part of the year. 5. - LARC renewal At present LARC is formed by 7 members (since Prof. R. Romo resigned when appointed to the Nominating Committee) plus two invited members. The call for nominations has just been opened, for six new members. Submitted by Omar Macadar, Chairman LARC Page 14 of 3914
  15. 15. IBRO Web Report IBRO WEB INFORMATION SYSTEM Brief Report, June 2004 This report covers the period from August 2003 to June 2005. Following the acceptance of the proposals of July 8, 2003 and August 1, 2003 the IBRO web has been entirely reconstructed and the new version made public on June 1, 2004. During this period the development team had to work double duty –the old site had to be maintained - even expanded (and in the early days several seriously damaged features had to be repaired) and at the same time the work on the new system had to go on. Occasionally this challenged the patience of participants but in spite of all these frustrations the project was accomplished ahead of schedule. NEW FUNCTIONALITY 1. Redesigned Home page and the implementation of consistent graphic appearance of all pages. 2. New Menu system. 3. New Search system. It allows Simple or Advanced search pattern of the site. 4. New entirely reconstructed database of Members, with the new Registration and Search tools. 5. New Mailing system. It provides a simple way to mail any document to all IBRO members or to optional lists of members (with Subscription, Un-subscription options; so far two optional lists have been created: Neuroscience TOC and the IBRO Reporter). 6. On-line Support of IBRO Programs. So far one such test system has been installed as a demo of the possibilities and advantages of an online management of applications. WERC/IBRO/FENS applications have been entirely handled by on-line forms for students and sponsors. These functions of IBRO web will be greatly expanded in the next period of development (see the Proposal 2004) and thus justify calling the new site and Web Information System. 7. The new IBRO Web Information System is based on the dynamic web site model where pages are kept in a database and displayed “on the fly” when required. 8. All functional pages (i.e., those that were linked to the structure of the site) from the old IBRO web have been transferred - and re-edited – in the new system and thus made available for searching. NEW MANAGEMENT TOOLS One of the main goals of the reconstruction of IBRO web site was to create a robust site easily and safely maintainable, modifiable and expandable by non-programmers. This significant change in the structure of IBRO system is not visible to the public - but will greatly affect the management of the site. Partial list of the management tools: 1. Menu, hub Creator - allows expansion (actually – complete reconstruction) of the site’s structure. 2. Page Editor – provides complete HTML editing of a page, with management of text, pictures, additional files, URL links, and links with the Page Locator. Page 15 of 3915
  16. 16. 3. Home page Editor – same as above but with the separate editors for each section of the Home page. 4. Page Locator – allows placement of any page to any place in the web structure. 5. Management of Committees – allows automatic creation of the committees’ structure and associated membership. 6. Database of Members – with tools to maintenance of the DB (management of subscriptions; optional subscription files; mailing system organized around the member societies. 7. Search mechanism – as part of Editors. ON LINE SUPPORT OF IBRO PROGRAMS Web environment has been established as suitable medium for management of processes – from banking to purchase of tickets. In order to demonstrate the possibilities and the advantages of an on-line management system we have implemented an on line system for processing of WERC/IBRO/FENS Fellowship applications. Even though the system was not complete last competition was entirely handled by on-line forms for students and sponsors. Some of the advantages of an on-line system include: 1) Simplified, standardized and validates at entry points collection of data via on-line forms. 2) Automatic generation of reports (continuous and/or final). 3) Simplified review process suitable for distributed management, such as practiced at IBRO. An ad hoc system for deposition and review of Travel and Fellowship Grants has been constructed on short notice and allowed distributed processing and evaluation of spring applications. These functions of IBRO web will be greatly expanded in the next period of development (see the Proposal 2004) and thus justify calling the new site a Web Information System. NEW HARDWARE New servers were purchased and installed under very favourable conditions in the main server room of McGill University, providing maintenance, security, and backup at very a reasonable or no expense. Main server contains web sites (IBRO and IBRO Edu) with accessory server used for Active Directory and SQL server. Operating system has been upgraded to Windows 2003. Most of the site uses a combination of Microsoft SQL Server + ASP scripting. MANAGEMENT OF DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE In addition to the main IBRO Web site a whole system of some 15 protected web sites has been created in support of different sections of development and maintenance of the web. This has been an essential tool for the developers and editors and with minor adjustments will remain so. IBRO EDU NEUROSCIENCE LEARNING RESOURCES In the period covered by the report IBRO Edu has been entirely reconstructed and integrated with IBRO web environment. The fusion simplified the operations of IBRO Edu for several major reasons: 1) Common database of members, with common Registration Page 16 of 3916
  17. 17. 2) Sharing of the management / development tools. 3) Common display template. 4) Common Mailing system and Subscription / Un-subscription 5) (Eventually, sharing common Discussion Forum tools), etc. Based on the experience with the previous version many features of IBRO Edu have been modified and/or simplified: 1) Registration of Members (including several levels of access rights) 2) Common Editors (of hubs, pages, committee members, etc) 3) Simplified display of group and/or individual sites (graphic content minimized for speed with slow access sites) 4) Reorganized and simplified management of Dictionary – Thesaurus (expanded version of Themes and Topics of the Society for Neuroscience), etc. The present collection of some 400 sites is currently reviewed, with anticipated re-activation and expansion of IBRO Edu Committee. The unique features of IBRO Edu (building of community of users with tools to share the experience, annotate the resources, create individual favourite collections, etc) have been found suitable for other projects. Thus a multilingual adaptation of IBRO Edu will be used by Brain Campaign. Another application been submitted to ICSU in collaboration with the Educational Committee of IUPS. Similarly IBRO has been a partner in the application to ICSU initiated by of IUBMB. A.L. Padjen Page 17 of 3917
  18. 18. Publication Committee Interim report Piergiorgio Strata, Chair Publications Committee Financial Status: Profit to IBRO derived from the 2003 Publication Year is likely to be in excess of GBP 1.2 million. Final amount is still pending audit (the audit process is much slower than in previous years, due to stringent new procedures at the auditor Deloitte - their auditing must be audited). However, Elsevier will in any case (once bank account details are confirmed by IBRO Central Office/Steve Redman) transfer GBP 1.2 Million to IBRO by end-June, and any shortfall or excess can be adjusted ASAP thereafter. Trends contributing toward this result were: (1) continued migration/expansion of old subscription base via ScienceDirect; (2) reduction of Editorial Office costs as a result of the completion of move to Elsevier San Diego/reduction of staffing & costs in David Amaral’s office; and (3) increase in Production Costs due to improved production spec at Cadmus and more pages published. Elsevier at the IBRO EC meeting in Lisbon will provide more detail. Statistics regarding submissions and publication times: The total number of manuscripts submitted to the journal in 2002 was 1061, and in 2003 was 987. However, by the end of May 2004, submissions in 2004 totalled 602 (compared with 419 for the same period in 2003). If this increase is applied to the full year, total submissions by year-end will be 1421 (the highest number of annual submissions Neuroscience has received during its life). The increase in 2004 submissions coincided with the launch of the new electronic submission/peer-review system (EES – Elsevier Electronic Submission System). Feedback from Editors, referees and authors on the system has been very positive. It will be interesting to see whether such an increase in submissions reflects a larger number of better papers for selection to improve the quality of the journal. We have recruited three new Section Editors. In addition, with the collaboration between the Elsevier San Diego manuscript processing office, the Section Editors, David Amaral and Ole Petter Ottersen, the time for the first response to authors (providing reviewers’ comments) has been reduced each month of 2004 to a record low of 1.2 months (in April), as compared to an average of 2.7 months in 2002. Furthermore, the time from accepted manuscript to print issue dispatch dropped from 20 weeks in 2003 to a current average of 12.9 weeks for 2004. Better still, articles are available online as author- corrected “Articles-in-Press” in an average of 7.5 weeks. Impact Factor: Neuroscience’s 2003 impact factor (just published) is 3.601, which is the second consecutive year of increase (2002 3.46; 2001 3.22), another encouraging indicator. Cover competition: in 2003 the award of US$1000 for the cover competion has been assigned by an ad hoc Committee to Canadian scientists. The competition for the year 2004 is now open. Advertising: Electronic tables of contents for all issues of Neuroscience are now emailed to the IBRO membership. Page 18 of 3918
  19. 19. Special Issues: John Morrison, the Section Editor for special issues, and Editor Ole Petter Ottersen have several special issues planned or in progress. More information on these will be available at the Lisbon meeting. Page 19 of 3919
  20. 20. International Registry of Neuroscience Training Programmes Committee: Interim Report on Activities and Future Plans Recent Budget Proposal/Grant • A budget of US$20,000 was requested/allocated to support the IBRO International Registry of Neuroscience Training Programmes. The money is currently being used to support a part-time employee to assist with the Registry record entry and maintenance, as well as promoting the collection and submission of entries during 2004. The appointee is Ms Caitlin McOmish, a full-time postgraduate student at the Florey Institute in Melbourne. • We believe the appointment in Melbourne under the direction of the Programme Committee Chairman will be effective, as the appointee can effectively serve the programme from this location, via e-mail and electronic transfer of data files. No claims have been made against the budget at this time, but will be done on a quarterly basis as recommended by the IBRO Treasurer. Initial, Recent and Future Activities The IRNTP Committee, the IBRO Seretariat in Paris (Stephanie de La Rochefoucauld), and the web site Editor (Andree Blakemore) have made significant headway in listing the many initial entries on the register, since its launch in March 2003. The supply of new entries for display is expected to be maintained or increased during the coming year - particularly as the message is spread globally about its existence; as institutions that wish to recruit the best possible people from a world market realise its potential value; and as others realise that they should be listed to maintain their equivalent exposure to their market of prospective students. The registry will also become of use to those authorities who offer Fellowships/scholarships to support the training of students in good places as a way to identify which places are available for student training. (eg. IBRO WERC/ FENS Fellowships Programme displayed on IBRO home page). • In addition to the number of entries already posted and the submissions made by individuals and by the International Committee; various federations and societies of neuroscience and related disciplines have been working to increase the number of listings from their respective geographical areas. For example, a number of entries for listing submitted by Giorgio Innocenti on behalf of Western Europe have just been sent to Paris. This number is set to increase further with the submission of a number of proofread submissions, once we receive some additional details from their host institutions. But clearly more needs to be done, as it is presumed there are many more existing programmes that could be catalogued. Recently we contacted the Committee by e-mail stressing the need to continue to solicit submissions from all Neuroscience Societies and Facilities in their respective regions. We are also endeavouring to promote higher levels of awareness of the registry in the Australasian region by contacting key individuals responsible for programmes in each State/region, and re-iterating the value of a comprehensive INTPR database. • We are also working to increase awareness via more active publicity on the IBRO Page 20 of 3920
  21. 21. web site. • As the registry gains momentum it is assumed that it will become an important resource for the dissipation of information throughout the international neuroscience community. Details of the Registry For the convenience of the Executive Committee, particularly any new members please find attached a summary description of the Registry Programme and what it is attempting to achieve. Further details can also be viewed directly on the web site: <> Dr Andrew L. Gundlach (Chairman, IRNTP Coordinating Committee) (Submission prepared with assistance of Caitlin McOmish) 24 June, 2004 IBRO International Registry of Neuroscience Training Programmes Description and Summary of Submission Guidelines • It is planned to provide on the IBRO Website a comprehensive listing of neuroscience training programmes operating worldwide. • National and regional neuroscience societies and federations are working with IBRO to establish/maintain national web-based registries based on their own requirements and resources. In order to facilitate international access and consistency, the listings include details that conform as closely as possible to guidelines issued by IBRO - ie. the Neuroscience Training Registry Committee Guidelines - in agreement with the IBRO affiliated member societies and federations. • Creation and maintenance of the Registry will help define and make well-known training possibilities worldwide. Guidelines for an International Registry of Neuroscience Training Programmes listing. • The IBRO listing will initially be restricted to information about programmes at the PhD level or equivalent and essentially comprise a list of programme descriptions and web sites. • Each listed web site will connect to either a regionally- or nationally-coordinated site; and/or provide access to individual institution sites and contact details of Programme Co-ordinators. • National Societies and Federations can provide additional information about the programmes as it is made available, but are requested to ensure a minimum of accurate information is provided about each programme, before authorising its listing. • In order to facilitate international access, this information must be provided in English. • The following information is requested for inclusion in the Registry to be made Page 21 of 3921
  22. 22. public via the IBRO Web site ( and web sites of national/regional societies and federations: 1. Title of the programme along with the name of the institution and the city and country of origin linked to the Web site supplied for listing. 2. Complete and accurate Web site address for listing. It is strongly recommended that the following information be included: • Degree awarded by the programme (i.e. PhD or equivalent) and duration of programme. • Brief description of the programme (in less than 150 words). • This should include, but not be limited to, the neuroscience-related topics offered, course structure (% lectures vs. research), number of students in the programme, etc. • Name and E-mail address of the Programme Coordinator(s). • To promote the consistency, accuracy and usefulness of the listing – each national or regional society or federation with training programmes included in the Registry should endeavour to ensure that each listing represents a legitimate “formal programme at an educational or research facility with a primary interest in scientific investigation of the nervous system”. • Additional information in the registry listings could include: the number of faculty involved in each programme; the number of students and annual/total graduates in each programme; accurate admission requirements (general or specific); availability, type and criteria of scholarships for local and overseas students; and descriptions of programmes, in a uniform style and word limit. However, in doing so, each regional society or federation may need to plan for keeping this information up-to-date. Coordinating Committee Andrew Gundlach (Australia) (Chair) Asia/Pacific José Bargas (México) Latin America Vivienne Russell (South Africa) Africa Page 22 of 3922
  23. 23. Giorgio Innocenti (Sweden) Western Europe Arpad Parducz (Hungary) Eastern Europe Viji Ravindranath (India) Asia Leslie Tolbert (USA) North America Page 23 of 3923
  24. 24. IBRO Equipment Donation Program Interim Report June 22, 2004 As a result of conversations between IBRO Secretary General Dr. Jennifer Lund and Dr. Yuan Liu, Chief, Office of International Activities, NINDS, we became aware that surplus equipment might be available from NINDS when many neuroscience laboratories move into a new building in the summer and early fall of 2004. The following is a summary of completed and planned activities with regard to these potential donations. 1. The Regional Committee Chairs and Organizers of IBRO Neuroscience schools were notified of the potential donations and asked to generate a list of needed equipment. I have received lists from six IBRO schools and six laboratories not associated with IBRO schools. When equipment becomes available, priority will be given to requests from IBRO schools. 2. I have carried out an extensive email correspondence with Dr. Liu at NINDS and Ms. Cheryl Wood, the property accountability officer at NINDS. From this we have learned that the regulations and paper work for NINDS property donations are extensive. Transfer to an intermediary committee or recipient is not possible because the equipment has to be used by the recipient for at least two years. Proper justification is required, including the demonstration that the donation would be of direct benefit to the NIH mission and the US government. A rationale that would seem to fulfill these requirements, suggested originally by Dr. Lund, is that the schools are a major source of overseas applicants for NIH fellowships in Neuroscience labs at NIH and throughout the United States. A thorough grounding in research methods in the IBRO schools helps prepare candidates for these research positions. 3. Dr. Liu has asked all of the NINDS neuroscience laboratories that will be moving to the new building to provide a list of surplus equipment. Thus far 2 such lists have been generated, with more expected. I have identified several pieces of surplus equipment that are on the lists of requested equipment from IBRO schools. I am in the process of notifying the schools of these potential donations, and asking them to provide the written justification that NIH requires, along with affirmation that they will be able to arrange the necessary customs clearance and pay the crating and shipping expenses. It is my understanding that $5000 is available from a Grass Foundation grant to IBRO to help with shipping when the recipient is not able to meet these costs. Sharon Hrynkow, acting Director of the Fogarty International Center, has indicated that they do not have funds for this type of project, but know of an NGO that might be able to help. 4. The major activity for the coming months will be to continue the process of matching surplus equipment from NINDS with items on the request list and then facilitate the exchange. Experience in the pilot equipment exchange program Page 24 of 3924
  25. 25. carried out in 2002-3 has indicated that this can be a very prolonged and laborious process, with successful transfer in most but not all cases. If the list of matches between requested and available equipment grows substantially, I will need assistance. Alan L. Pearlman, MD Coordinator, IBRO Equipment Donation Program Page 25 of 3925
  26. 26. The Clinical/Basic Science Links Programme Committee Interim Report : The mission for the Clinical/Basic Science Links Programme Committee is: - To emphasize the links between basic neuroscience research and clinical practice. - To facilitate contacts between the basic scientist and the clinician in the battle against neural disease. A request for nominations for members to join the Clinical/Basic Science Links Programme Committee was announced in April and in June the Chair Patrik Brundin, Lund, Sweden, selected the following members: Eva Sykova (Czech republic) Wendy Galpern (USA/Canada) Wong Meng Cheong (Singapore) Robert Gross (USA) Raymund Cheung (Hong Kong) Gladys E. Maestre (Venezuela) Natalia V. Gulyaeva (Russia) The first meeting of the committee will take place in Lisbon, Portugal in July in conjunction with the FENS forum. Early initiatives that will be discussed include: Publication of a debate article to discuss the importance of basic science for the development of new therapies in neurological disease; organising a workshop on the impact of environmental neurotoxins in the developing world; support of a workshop for on grantsmanship for young scientists on the theme of reparative therapies in the central nervous system. Report by Patrik Brundin, Chairman, Clinical Basic Science Links program Page 26 of 3926
  27. 27. IBRO Animals in Research Committee Interim Report June 21, 2004 Our committee proposed three projects for 2004. The first was to pilot a program of education to several countries in South America, with the goal of providing information on international standards of animal use to scientists working in the region. One of the forces motivating this effort is the goal of many South American scientists to publish in strong international journals, which require that experiments conform to specific standards regarding the use of animals. Scientists in this region have expressed concern about lack of knowledge and expertise related to this topic. To this end we delivered a series of workshops to scientists in Santiago, Chile and Montevideo, Uruguay from June 8-12, 2004. Those participating in the workshops included Dr. Sharon L. Juliano (Chair, IBRO Animals in Research Committee), Dr. Pedro Rico (Chief Veterinarian at USAMRIID, who has extensive experience working in Latin America), and Dr. Dorcas O’Roarke (member of the International Council of AAALAC). The visit of the IBRO panel on Animal research was a very good experience for the local community in Santiago, Chile. The panel participated in a series of lectures over an entire day, which was attended by about 80 people, most of which registered in advance. The attendants were scientists or animal caretakers in research facilities as well as officials from the local funding agencies; it took place at the Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile. Local scientists and veterinarians also contributed to the presentations, including Drs. Pedro Maldonado, and Camilo Arriza. Prior to the lecture series, the IBRO panel met with the host Animal Care and Use Committee to provide specific information regarding issues at the Medical School of the University of Chile. Overall, the panel was judged as important and an academic success. Following this visit, the panel traveled to Uruguay, where we visited the Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas in Montevideo. Our hosts and local organizers were Drs. Ana Silva and Omar Macadar. Our Workshop included a day and one half of lectures and small group sessions with faculty and students from different departments of the Institute. The presentation was judged to be a success by the participants. A copy of the program from each place is attached. The second project will involve travel to South Africa. African scientists also feel the lack of information and resources regarding regulations and standards about animal care. Care of laboratory animals is a subject that is not often discussed in Africa, but one that is important and should be part of the IBRO schools. As the purpose of the schools is to develop young neuroscientists, the care and procedures in the use of experimental animals should be covered in the same way that training is given in writing papers, proposals, and presentations. The goal of the upcoming visit is to submit preliminary information regarding international standards, to encourage discussion about the possibility of including this topic into the local curriculum, and to engage in a dialogue about the mechanisms by which African countries wish to approach this subject. To do this, one member of the IBRO committee (Sharon L. Juliano) and one representative from AAALAC, who is also a regular member of IBRO (Rick Van Sluyters), will attend and fully participate in an upcoming IBRO course, “Neurodegeneration and Regeneration”, to Page 27 of 3927
  28. 28. be held in Grahamstown, Sept 10-18, 2004. A preliminary schedule is attached. The third project proposed was to create a teaching module targeted to educate medical students. The public (in general and including physicians) is very poorly informed about the role of animals in research and does not understand the significance of animal use related to medical progress, the treatment of animals in research, how research is conducted, etc. Our work on this project has begun on a limited basis. We contacted individuals in one of our target countries (President of the General Medical Council, United Kingdom) who were very enthusiastic about supporting our teaching module in medical education when it is available. We also have begun a dialogue with a few groups that may help with the production and financing of this project (NABR, Fogarty Foundation, and a private video production group). Submitted by, Sharon L. Juliano Chair, Animals in Research Committee, IBRO Page 28 of 3928
  29. 29. IBRO Workshop & Symposia Funding Programme: Interim report June 2004 In the February round of awards for partial support of symposia and workshops, 11 awards were made out of 15 applications for funds, with a total award amount of USD 52,125. It is anticipated that we shall have ~10 applications for September, funding 7 or 8 at an average of USD 4.5 K for a total of USD 35 to 40 K. Although there has been pressure from applicants to raise the level of awards, we have sought to hold the line in recognition of IBRO budget constraints. In real terms, the level of awards has dropped with the decreasing value of the US dollar. Ken Muller, Chair, Symposia and Workshops Grants Committee Page 29 of 3929
  30. 30. IBRO Supporting Membership Campaign interim Report, June 2004 Upon request by Jennifer Lund it was agreed to form a supporting membership committee that is entitled to develop a strategy for a campaign to solicit for supporting members who financially contribute to IBRO on an annual basis. For some time, it seemed unclear as to how this new activity was in accordance with current bylaws, whether and how bylaws had to be changed, and whether there was an interference with “Friends of IBRO”. Finally the question was raised, as to whether this activity was, according to its tasks; the membership committee has to be involved. I agreed to form a small committee, however with the help and agreement with the membership committee. This is yet to be accomplished. Strategically, it is suggested as soon as this committee has been formed, to define the benefits that can be offered to supporting members, taking other organisations, such as the SFN, as an example and to design a separate brochure with all the details what is expected from, and offered to supporting members. Then, the committee members should actively identify and approach putative supporting members. I will ask A. Blakemore for helping to design such a brochure, similar as the one used for the new IBRO brochure. Open issues should be resolved during the IBRO meetings at Lisbon. Alois Saria Chair, Supporting Membership Campaign Committee Page 30 of 3930
  31. 31. IBRO Neuro-grants info database Interim Report: June 2004 The Neuro-grants info database has continued to be updated this year. I continue to receive enquiries of various nature, suggesting that a current website analysis (which I will request for you) will show that funding continues to be one of the most accessed pages on our site. I suggest that a change in strategy is required, however, as progress on the database is slower than I would like. Dr Aguayo assembled an impressive working group to provide input to both reduce my workload and to ensure international comprehensiveness. Alas the group consists of very busy people and I have actually received very little input. One reason that the group lacks enthusiasm for the project is that individuals know all the granting sources in their country and do not see the benefit of contributing this information. What to do? Actually I am not certain, but I will prepare some proposals for your consideration at the Society for Neuroscience meeting in San Diego this October. On the positive side Jenny has brought me in contact with Connie Atwell, formerly at NINDS, who is working to help the community make better grant applications. Connie has some ideas to arrange searching of our database so as to make it more accessible. I will meet Connie at the San Diego meeting and follow up on this and other initiatives. Respectfully submitted Andy Bulloch Page 31 of 3931
  32. 32. REPORT OF THE ‘RETURN HOME’ PROGRAM Carlos Belmonte, Chair The following report summarizes some of the ideas that may serve to define the future activities of the Return Home Committee. 1-Objectives As stated in the Policy Report of the SG Jenny Lund “Many less affluent areas of the world have problems in retaining (or retrieving, after overseas training) their skilled biomedical researchers. IBRO is particularly concerned about this issue in regard to neuroscience and its application to brain diseases. There is little coordination of effort between many organizations that share this concern, either for neuroscience or other disciplines. While there are sources of support for Return Home Programs, these are very limited compared to the need. In addition, many less affluent countries lack the resources to support the scientists who remain in their home country, let alone those scientists who may wish to return home after training”. This problem is also discussed in further detail in IBRO’s web site (Grants to Return Home). The objective of the Return Home Program of IBRO is to develop specific policies and coordinate efforts with other organizations to both improve the opportunities for productive neuroscience research (allied to health services) within the less advantaged regions of the world and to provide more aid to those researchers trained overseas who wish return to their home countries. 2- Targets Two profiles of scientists will be the main target of the Return Home Program of IBRO: 1- Postdoctoral fellows that have finished research training in neurosciences (including clinical research) in a center of excellence of a developed country. 2- Research students that have been trained in a CEBR (see below). 3-Scientists who are performing a successful basic/clinical research career in a developed country, and wish to return to their country of origin for personal or cultural reasons. 3- Existing initiatives Return Home programs already exist, but new ones need to be added and targeted to the neurosciences. Fogarty International GRIP Program, Wellcome Trust UK, USA NIH Institutes with neuroscience interests, Pew Foundation, Human Frontiers Science Program, The European Science Foundation etc., are organizations and programs that may offer some type of support to facilitate the return of scientists to their home countries. The IBRO web page contains now an Information Bank for Trainees wanting to return to their Home Countries, that offers a extensive list of institutions that may serve to scientists trying to return to their home countries to look for support. This Bank for Trainees is useful and should be updated and expanded. Page 32 of 3932
  33. 33. 4- Other initiatives that may be adopted by IBRO 1-To champion the idea that returning to the home country should be an integral part of the international training of young neuroscientists with the following initiatives: A. Development by IBRO of a well coordinated and tenacious policy with Governments, international agencies and private foundations both of well- and less developed countries to favor the policies oriented to facilitate the return of young scientists to their home countries based in the following ideas: - Developed countries: - The use of educated postdocs from poor countries by the research systems of rich countries is economically productive and highly beneficial for the development of their research policies. It seems fair to compensate this benefit with policies that favour the return to the home country of at least a part of this sophisticated labour force. - To educate the future leaders of a developing country in the values and culture of another, more developed country is generally considered for this a very efficient cultural policy. Furthermore, this serves to promote permanent links between highly educated scientific groups and to strengthen political and economical ties between the countries that participate in the scheme. - It is well accepted that the world stability is favoured by policies that reduce distances between rich and poor countries and that this is best achieved by stimulating the economical development and improving health. Research plays a key role in both processes. The Return Home Program is critical for the development of a research infrastructure in less developed countries Less favored countries: - Government authorities should accept the compromise to provide positions for the return of those trained abroad. - They should offer facilities for the creation of special chairs and position that allow the return of prestigious scientists that are well established in a developed country but wish to return home. B. IBRO should push to include in current fellowship programs the following conditions: - A signed compromise of the trainee to return home after a two-three years period for at least one year. -A clause in the fellowships offered by developed countries and foundations to support at least partially the expenses associated to the return and to facilitate resettlement. -A compromise of the home country to offer to their native international fellows that return home a work position, at least for a limited period of time. Page 33 of 3933
  34. 34. 2-To include the Centers of Excellence in Brain Research as an instrument of the Return Home Program: CEBRs have been proposed as research excellence centers that will serve to support IBRO Schools and also to promote the interaction of basic neuroscience with clinical centers in less developed regions. In relation to the Return Home Program, CEBRs may serve also to: -Act as a permanent host research excellence centers for some young scientists that wish to return to the country where that CEBR is located. -Provide technical, instrumental and financial assistance to the fellow after her/his return to the home country. -Serve for temporary visits of returned fellows in order to perform collaborative research refresh techniques and knowledge, and maintain ties with the international scientific community. Page 34 of 3934
  35. 35. Visiting Lecture Team Program - Interim Report 2004 Chair: Jack McMahan The VLTP visits for 2004 have already included courses in Cuba (Jan 8th -10th ), Costa Rica (jan 14th -22nd ), Bucharest, Romania (May3rd-11th 2004) and in Tehran, Iran (May 19th -26th ); and upcoming are visits to Qingdao, China (July 21st -29th ), and Kampala, Uganda (in January, 2005). Full reports of the visits made can be found on the IBRO WEB as well as outlines for the upcoming courses. The Grass Foundation, through Friends of IBRO, has provided the great part of the funds required for these visits. Page 35 of 3935
  36. 36. IBRO's Science Advisory Programme Chair Walter Stuhmer In September, the IBRO Science Advisory Programme (ISAP), set up in 2003 and chaired by Walter Stühmer (Germany), will evaluate the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary. The advisory board will be composed of Marina Bentivoglio (Italy), Jean-Claude Lacaille (Canada), Henry Markram (Switzerland), Roger Nicoll (USA) and Larry Swanson (USA). This will be the first review performed under the auspices of this programme. Recently, another request for external evaluation from South America has been received and is being processed. This program crucially depends on the participation of all members of the scientific community and ISAP hopes that invitations to for part of the visiting committee will be generally accepted. Page 36 of 3936
  37. 37. Fellowships and travel Grants- Interim report June 2004 Chair: Kwok-Fai So Below in table form is a summary of the Committee's work for this year (2004 for 2005). Please note that the Committee has submitted the names of 3 candidates to INSERM for them to select the final winner. The first table (all grants) therefore has included the 3 qualified applicants. For the Travel Grants, IBRO (July -Dec 2004) & SfN (Oct 2004) from the recent (April) applications, we have a total of 41 (25 applied to IBRO TG +16 SfN) candidates, 20 (49%)of them are attending SfN, and 5 (+6 (Oct 2003)=11, see below) applied for FENS 2004. Also below is a table to summarize the work of the Committee in Oct last year for the secondly round of IBRO Travel Grants which includes our support for six candidates for FENS 2004. Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC TOTAL Amount (US$) 3,000 2,300 3,700 1,500 2,000 12,500 Number of Awards 3 2 4 1 2 12 Percentage on Amout 24% 18% 30% 12% 16% 100% Number of Female Awardee 1 2 3 0 1 7 Percentage Female Awardees 33% 100% 75% 0% 50% 58% Number of Awardees >45 years 0 1 1 0 0 2 Percentage of Awardees >45 years 0% 50% 25% 0% 0% 17% Amount Awarded to >45 years (US$) 0 800 700 0 0 1,500 Amt Awarded to >45, % on Total Amt (Region/s) 0% 35% 19% 0% 0% 12% Percentage of Awards/ Applications 75% 33% 44% 100% 100% 55% Number of Qualified Applicants 4 6 9 1 2 22 Page 37 of 3937
  38. 38. IBRO FS & TG Program Statistics 2004 for 2005 ALL GRANTS - 2005 Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC TOTAL Amount (US$) 82,000 43,500 73,100 106,000 52,500 357,100 Number of Awards 13 6 12 16 9 56 Percentage on Amount 23% 12% 20% 30% 15% 100% Number of Female Awardees 3 2 3 8 7 23 Percentage Female Awardees 23% 33% 25% 50% 78% 41% Percentage of Awards/ Applications 27% 33% 21% 36% 24% 27% Number of Qualified Applicants 48 18 57 44 38 205 1. IBRO FELLOWSHIPS - 2005 Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC TOTAL Amount (US$) 67,000 37,500 63,000 63,000 42,000 272,500 Number of Awards 3 2 4 3 2 14 Percentage on Amount 25% 14% 23% 23% 15% 100% Number of Outstanding Fellows 0 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Female Awardees 1 1 1 0 2 5 Percentage Female Awardees 33% 50% 25% 0% 100% 36% Percentage of Awards/ Applications 27% 22% 31% 33% 25% 28% Number of Qualified Applicants 11 9 13 9 8 50 2. JG Nicholls/IBRO FELLOWSHIPS - 2005 Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC TOTAL Amount (US$) 0 0 0 25,000 0 25,000 Number of Awards 0 0 0 1 0 1 Number of Female Awardees 0 0 0 1 0 1 Number of Qualified Applicants 0 1 1 4 0 6 3. INSERM/IBRO FELLOWSHIPS - 2005 Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC/ USA TOTAL Number of Awards Number of Female Awardees Number of Qualified Applicants 0 0 1 0 2 3 4. IBRO TRAVEL GRANTS - July - Dec 2004 Page 38 of 3938
  39. 39. Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC TOTAL Amount (US$) 7,500 3,000 7,100 10,500 7,500 35,600 Number of Awards 5 2 6 7 5 25 Percentage on Amount 21% 8% 20% 29% 21% 100% Number of Female Awardees 1 1 1 4 5 12 Percentage Female Awardees 20% 50% 17% 57% 100% 48% Number of Awardees >45 years 1 1 0 1 0 3 Percentage of Awardees >45 years 20% 50% 0% 14% 0% 12% Amount Awarded to >45 years (US$) 1,500 1,500 0 1,500 0 4,500 Amt Awarded to >45, % on Total Amt (Region/s) 20% 50% 0% 14% 0% 13% Percentage of Awards/ Applications 29% 40% 18% 58% 29% 29% Number of Qualified Applicants 17 5 34 12 17 85 5. SfN/IBRO INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL FELLOWSHIPS - 2004 for 2004 Regions APRC ARC CEERC LARC WERC TOTAL Amount (US$) 7,500 3,000 3,000 7,500 3,000 24,000 Number of Awards 5 2 2 5 2 16 Percentage on Amount 31% 13% 13% 31% 13% 100% Number of Female Awardees 1 0 1 3 0 5 Percentage Female Awardees 20% 0% 50% 60% 0% 31% Percentage of Awards/ Applications 31% 13% 13% 31% 13% 100% Number of Qualified Applicants 20 3 8 19 11 61 Page 39 of 3939