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  • 1. The Facts about Dementia and Other Related Conditions Developed by the: University of Wisconsin Oshkosh and Wisconsin Department of Health Services
  • 2. Learning Points • Understand the changes that occur in the brain with dementia • Recognize the stages and symptoms of dementia • Apply knowledge of dementia to residents’ care
  • 3. Caring for Residents with Cognitive Disorders • What is Dementia? – Group of symptoms that are caused by changes in brain function – Most common are Alzheimer’s disease and multi-infarct (vascular) dementia • Alzheimer’s Disease – Begins with mild memory problems – Ends with severe brain damage
  • 4. •A brain without the disease (upper left) •A brain with advanced Alzheimer’s (upper right) •How the two brains compare (bottom) •The cortex shrivels up, damaging areas involved in thinking, planning and remembering. •Shrinkage is especially severe in the hippocampus, an area of the cortex that plays a key role in formation of new memories. •Ventricles (fluid-filled spaces within the brain) grow larger. ©2006 Alzheimer’s Association. All rights reserved
  • 5. Alzheimer brain tissue has many fewer nerve cells and synapses than a healthy brain. ©2006 Alzheimer’s Association. All rights reserved A PET scan shows brain activity
  • 6. More Facts about Dementia and Other Conditions • Types of Dementia • Understanding the Stages and Symptoms of Dementia • Other Conditions that Affect Behavior
  • 7. Activity: Recognizing the Symptoms of Dementia • Mrs. Lara Jacobs • Mr. Joseph Lewis • Miss Isabel Johns
  • 8. Learning Points Review • Understand the changes that occur in the brain with dementia • Recognize the stages and symptoms of dementia • Apply knowledge of dementia to residents’ care

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