Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Neurology and Neurological Diseases Powerpoint Presentation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Neurology and Neurological Diseases Powerpoint Presentation

5,680
views

Published on


0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,680
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
173
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Neurology and Neurological Diseases Brenden Yee ID #4171 Compeau, AP Biology, Per. 2 June 12, 2002
  • 2. Parts of the Brain Part Function Frontal Lobe Motor function, problem solving, memory, language, judgment, and social and sexual behavior Parietal Lobe Integrates sensory information to form a single perception (cognition) and constructs a spatial coordinate system to represent the world around us Occipital Lobe Visual and spatial processing, discrimination of movement and color discrimination Temporal Lobe Organization of sensory input (recognition and organization) Cerebellum Coordination and control of voluntary movement Brain Stem Breathing, heart rate, reflexes, and balance
  • 3. Other Parts and Functions Part Function Hypothalamus Maintaining the body's status quo Medulla Oblongata Controls heartrate, the respiratory movements, the act of swallowing and the secretion of saliva Pineal Gland Produces melatonin (circadian rhythm control), can inhibit the growth of some tumors (i.e. cancer) Pituitary Gland (Master Gland) Controls release of hormones of endocrine glands Pons Monitors involuntary activities such as breathing and vomiting
  • 4. Some Neurological Diseases Disease Number of Cases Cost per Year Chronic Pain 97,000,000 $ 100 billion Hearing Loss 28,000,000 $ 56 billion Depression Disorders 18,700,000 $ 30.4 billion Alzheimer’s Disease 4,000,000 $ 90 billion Stroke 3,800,000 $ 40 billion Epilepsy 2,500,000 $ 3.5 billion Traumatic Head Injury 2,000,000 $ 25 billion Schizophrenia 2,000,000 $ 32.5 billion Parkinson’s Disease 1,000,000 to 2,000,000 $ 25 billion Multiple Sclerosis 350,000 $ 2.5 billion Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury 250,000 $ 5 billion
  • 5. Alzheimer’s Disease Areas Affected by Alzheimer’s: A= Cerebral Cortex B= Basal Forebrain C= Hippocampus •Alzheimer's disease attacks the brain; it is not a normal part of aging. •The disease is irreversible and there is currently no cure. • About 5-6% of the US population has AD or a related dementia. • It is estimated that by 2050, 14 million people in the US will suffer from AD. •Alzheimer's disease ranks fourth in the cause of death among adults. About 100,000 people die per year as a result of AD. •Memory loss, especially of recent events and newly acquired information, is perhaps the most noticeable trait of AD. •Only two drugs for treating AD have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA): Cognex and Aricept.
  • 6. Epilepsy •Epilepsy is a symptom of a brain disorder. •The brain uses electrochemical energy, any disruption of the electrical processes in the brain will cause abnormal functioning. •People with epilepsy have seizures that happen repeatedly. It is a bit like an electrical brainstorm. •The seizure prevents the brain from interpreting and processing incoming sensory signals and controlling muscles. •It occurs in about 1 in every 100-200 people. •Sometimes a seizure will be started by stress, lack of sleep, flashing lights or sounds (like from a video game or TV), or low blood sugar. •In most cases, antiepileptic (also called "anticonvulsant") drugs are used to control seizures.
  • 7. Schizophrenia •Schizophrenia is one of the most common mental illnesses. About 1 of every 100 people (1% of the population) is affected by schizophrenia. •When people cannot tell the difference between what is real and what is not, is called "psychosis" or a "psychotic episode." •Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking and speech. •Possible causes include genetics, stress, trauma, an overactive dopamine system in the brain. •Drugs to treat schizophrenia are called antipsychotic medications. This type of drug was first developed in the 1950s.
  • 8. Autism •Autism is one of the mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders that appears in early childhood. •Although symptoms of the disorder sometimes can be seen in early infancy, the condition may appear after months of normal development. •As many as 14 children out of 10,000 may have autism or a related condition. •Studies suggest that autistic disorder might be caused by a combination of biological factors, including exposure to a virus before birth, a problem with the immune system, or genetics. •Drugs are of minor importance in the treatment of autism. Antidepressants occasionally help a little. •Conventional anti-psychotic drugs are often highly sedative and have serious side effects, including body movement disorders. •The Autism Society of America, a mutual aid group founded in 1965, provides information and referral services and supports initiatives in research, education, and treatment.
  • 9. Bibliography and Resources American Brain Tumor Association 2720 River Road Des Plaines, IL 60018 Phone: (847) 827-9910 Fax: (847) 827-9918 Patient Line: (800) 886-2282 E-mail: info@abta.org http://www.abta.org National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke P.O. Box 5801 Bethesda, MD 20824 (800) 352-9424, (301) 496-5751 Autism Society of America 7910 Woodmont Ave Suite 650 Bethesda, MD 20814-3015 Phone: (800) 3-AUTISM http://www.autism-society.org National Alliance for the Mentally Ill Colonial Place Three, 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-524-7600; NAMI HelpLine: 1-800-950-NAMI [6264]
  • 10. Bibliography and Resources American Brain Tumor Association 2720 River Road Des Plaines, IL 60018 Phone: (847) 827-9910 Fax: (847) 827-9918 Patient Line: (800) 886-2282 E-mail: info@abta.org http://www.abta.org National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke P.O. Box 5801 Bethesda, MD 20824 (800) 352-9424, (301) 496-5751 Autism Society of America 7910 Woodmont Ave Suite 650 Bethesda, MD 20814-3015 Phone: (800) 3-AUTISM http://www.autism-society.org National Alliance for the Mentally Ill Colonial Place Three, 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-524-7600; NAMI HelpLine: 1-800-950-NAMI [6264]