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  • 1. Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed)
    Prologue:
    The Story of Psychology
    James A. McCubbin, PhD
    Clemson University
    Worth Publishers
  • 2. Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    Pre-scientific Psychology
    • Is the mind connected to the body or distinct?
    • 3. Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience?
  • Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    Hobbes
    monists
    dualists
  • 4. Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    • Psychological Science Is Born
    • 5. Empiricism
    • 6. First imposed by Hippocrates
    • 7. Knowledge comes from experience via the senses
    • 8. Science flourishes through observation and experiment
  • Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    • Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Liepzig (c. 1879)
  • Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    • Structuralism, developed by Edward Titchener, used introspection (looking in) to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
  • Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    • Functionalism, led by William James, focused on how behavioral processes function- how they enable organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
    Mary Caulkins
    *Ask me about Mary Caulkins
  • 9. Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    Figure 1- British Psychological Society membership
  • 10. Prologue: Psychology’s Roots
    • Definition of Psychology
    • 11. Greek origins – psyche, meaning the soul, or breathe of life
    • 12. The science of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, and feelings)
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychology’s Big Issues
    • 13. Nature-nurture controversy
    • 14. the relative contribution that genes and experience make to development of psychological traits and behaviors
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Natural selection
    • 15. principle that those inherited trait variations contributing to survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychology’s Perspectives
    Charles Darwin
    Sigmund Freud et.al.
    Watson, Pavlov, Skinner
    Albert Bandura
    L.S. Vygotsky
    Humanistic How and individual defines reality, reaching How can we reach our potential as a human being?
    Carl Rogers potential as a human being, self actualization
    Abraham Maslow
  • 16. Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychology’s Perspectives
    • 17. A lot depends on your viewpoint
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychology’s Subfields
    • 18. Basic Research
    • 19. Biological psychologists explore the links between brain and mind
    • 20. Developmental psychologists study changing abilities from womb to tomb
    • 21. Cognitive psychologists study how we perceive, think, and solve problems
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychology’s Subfields
    • 22. Basic Research
    • 23. Personality psychologists investigate our persistent traits
    • 24. Social psychologists explore how we view and affect one another
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychology’s Subfields
    • 25. Applied Research
    • 26. Industrial/organizational psychologists study and advise on behavior in the workplace
    • 27. Clinical psychologists study, assess, and treat people with psychological disorders
  • Prologue: Contemporary Psychology
    • Psychiatry
    • 28. A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders
    • 29. Practiced by physicians who sometimes use medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychotherapy