NN
CONTEMPLATE THIS!
The Developing Field of
Contemplative Studies
Hal Roth, Director
The Contemplative Studies Initiative...
What is “Contemplative Studies?”
A Proposed New Academic Field
1. Studying the underlying philosophy, psychology, and
phen...
What is “Contemplative Studies?”
A Proposed New Academic Field
3. Attempting to:
a. identify the varieties of contemplativ...
WHAT IS “CONTEMPLATION?”
The focusing of the attention in a sustainedThe focusing of the attention in a sustained
fashion...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES
CONTEMPLATION IS NOT CONFINED TO RELIGION
Contemplative practices abound in the ...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES
CONTEMPLATION IS NOT CONFINED TO RELIGION
While various methods to attain contem...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES
Third-Person Study is not Sufficient
Current North American higher education is
...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES
The Neo-Confucian
philosopher,
Wang Yangming
(1472–1529)
once said:
“If you wish...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES
Critical First-person Study Must be Included
In addition to being grounded in th...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES
Critical First-person Study Must be Included
Examples:
Courses on Contemplative ...
The Challenge
So the challenge is: how do we combine these
concerns into a coherent higher education
curriculum to study c...
AREAS OF A CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES
CONCENTRATION
SCIENCE
The study of human consciousness and of the
nature and significance...
AREAS OF A CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES
CONCENTRATION
HUMANITIES
The study of the role of contemplation in:
Philosophy,
The Relig...
AREAS OF A CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES
CONCENTRATION
THE CREATIVE ARTS
The study of the role of contemplation in
both the creati...
What is “Contemplative Studies”
at Brown?
We have organized a series of lectures, films, and retreats (a total of 52
such ...
What is “Contemplative Studies” at
Brown?
As of this moment, Contemplative Studies is
a Faculty Initiative whose members t...
Contemplative Studies Independent
Concentrations
Contemplative Neuroscience
Tibetan Buddhist Meditation and the Treatment ...
Website for the Contemplative
Studies Initiative
• http://www.brown.edu/Faculty/Contemplative_S
Contemplative Studies in Medicine
The Warren Alpert School of Medicine at
Brown University has established a
“Scholarly Co...
Web Links for the Brown Medical School Scholarly
Concentration in Contemplative Studies
• Scholarly Concentrations Program...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Bro...
As William James stated over a
century ago:
…the faculty of voluntarily bringing back a
wandering attention, over and over...
The END
Contemplative Studies CoursesContemplative Studies Courses
An abridged listAn abridged list
SCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIESSCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES
CONCENTRATIONCONCENTRATION
Courses on s...
SCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVESCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION
COGNITIVE AN...
SCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIESSCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES
CONCENTRATIONCONCENTRATION
NEUROSCIENCE...
HUMANITIESHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVECOURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION
UNIVERS...
HUMANITIESHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVECOURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION
*RS 88....
HUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVEHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE
STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION
PHILOS...
HUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIESHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES
CONCENTRATIONCONCENTRATION
LITERA...
COURSES IN THE CREATIVE ARTS FORCOURSES IN THE CREATIVE ARTS FOR
CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONCONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES ...
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  1. 1. NN CONTEMPLATE THIS! The Developing Field of Contemplative Studies Hal Roth, Director The Contemplative Studies Initiative at BROWN UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. What is “Contemplative Studies?” A Proposed New Academic Field 1. Studying the underlying philosophy, psychology, and phenomenology of human contemplative experience. 2. Focusing on the many ways human beings have found, across cultures and across time, to concentrate, broaden and deepen conscious awareness as the gateway to cultivating their full potential and to leading more meaningful, ethically responsible, and personally fulfilling lives.
  3. 3. What is “Contemplative Studies?” A Proposed New Academic Field 3. Attempting to: a. identify the varieties of contemplative experiences of which human beings are capable; b. find meaningful scientific explanations for them; c. cultivate first-person knowledge of them; d. critically assess their nature and significance.
  4. 4. WHAT IS “CONTEMPLATION?” The focusing of the attention in a sustainedThe focusing of the attention in a sustained fashion leading to deepened states offashion leading to deepened states of concentration, tranquility, and insight. It occursconcentration, tranquility, and insight. It occurs on a spectrum ranging from the rather common,on a spectrum ranging from the rather common, uncultivated, spontaneous experiences ofuncultivated, spontaneous experiences of absorption in an activity to the most profound,absorption in an activity to the most profound, deliberately cultivated experiences of nonduality.deliberately cultivated experiences of nonduality.
  5. 5. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONTEMPLATION IS NOT CONFINED TO RELIGION Contemplative practices abound in the societies people have constructed throughout human history. They are an important part of the very fabric from which people build meaningful lives.
  6. 6. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONTEMPLATION IS NOT CONFINED TO RELIGION While various methods to attain contemplative states of consciousness can be found in Asian and Western religious practices, such states can also be found in a wide variety of non-religious activities such as making or listening to music, dancing, acting, writing poetry or prose, painting, sculpting, and even the intent observation of the natural world. It is the goal of Contemplative Studies to examine the effects of all these activities
  7. 7. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES Third-Person Study is not Sufficient Current North American higher education is dominated by “third-person” learning. We observe, analyze, record, discuss a whole variety of subjects at a distance, as something “out there,” as if they were solely objects and our own subjectivity that is viewing them doesn’t exist.
  8. 8. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES The Neo-Confucian philosopher, Wang Yangming (1472–1529) once said: “If you wish to know the taste of the bitter melon you must bite into it!”
  9. 9. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES Critical First-person Study Must be Included In addition to being grounded in the philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience of contemplative experience as a third-person study, Contemplative Studies emphasizes “critical first-person” approaches. In them, students are encouraged to engage directly with contemplative techniques without prior commitment to their efficacy. They then step back and appraise their experiences in order to gain a deeper appreciation of their meaning and significance.
  10. 10. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES Critical First-person Study Must be Included Examples: Courses on Contemplative Studies and Buddhist Meditation with Practice Labs; Courses on language learning with Contemplative Focus exercises; Courses on poetry with a spontaneous writing component, etc. For further lists please see Contemplative Studies Initiative website
  11. 11. The Challenge So the challenge is: how do we combine these concerns into a coherent higher education curriculum to study contemplative experience, one that is based upon a scientific foundation, combines third and first-person perspectives, and gives students practical training in recognizing their own contemplative experiences? To accomplish we are trying to develop a completely new academic field, “Contemplative Studies, ” that includes:
  12. 12. AREAS OF A CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATION SCIENCE The study of human consciousness and of the nature and significance of the varieties of contemplative experience found predominately in neuroscience, cognitive science, and psychology; The applications of contemplative practices in heath and healing on both individual and community levels. The interface between contemplative epistemologies and new developments in theoretical physics;
  13. 13. AREAS OF A CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATION HUMANITIES The study of the role of contemplation in: Philosophy, The Religious traditions of the world World literatures, a variety of other related disciplines;
  14. 14. AREAS OF A CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATION THE CREATIVE ARTS The study of the role of contemplation in both the creation and the appreciation of the visual and fine arts, creative writing, and in the various performing arts of dance, drama, and music
  15. 15. What is “Contemplative Studies” at Brown? We have organized a series of lectures, films, and retreats (a total of 52 such events alone in the past three years; See website for videos) We have coordinated students’ academic and personal study in this area, which has included: --directing Independent Concentrations --offering Contemplative Practice Grants, We have become 1 of 12 programs in the Medical School’s new Scholarly Concentrations Program. We developed a proposal for a concentration and program in contemplative studies that we are awaiting funding to move ahead with We are conducting research on effects of regular contemplative practice on university students
  16. 16. What is “Contemplative Studies” at Brown? As of this moment, Contemplative Studies is a Faculty Initiative whose members teach courses and guide work in their own areas of expertise and support students interested in developing an independent concentration. To this point we have had eight such students, five of whom have already graduated and the rest of whom are still working on their degrees.
  17. 17. Contemplative Studies Independent Concentrations Contemplative Neuroscience Tibetan Buddhist Meditation and the Treatment of Eating Disorders Contemplative Experience and Morality Theories of Madness in Tibetan and Western Medicine Contemplative Music: A Composition Based on the Chakras Neuroscientific Research in Contemplative Studies Contemplative Education in a Village School in Auroville, Pondicherry, India Appreciating the Subjective in Medicine
  18. 18. Website for the Contemplative Studies Initiative • http://www.brown.edu/Faculty/Contemplative_S
  19. 19. Contemplative Studies in Medicine The Warren Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University has established a “Scholarly Concentration” for medical students. It gives them an additional elective focus in their training. Topics include Women’s Health, Third World Medicine, Disaster Medicine, Medical Ethics, and Contemplative Studies; We currently have 7 students in this program.
  20. 20. Web Links for the Brown Medical School Scholarly Concentration in Contemplative Studies • Scholarly Concentrations Program • http://bms.brown.edu/students/curriculum/ concentrations/index • Scholarly Concentration in Contemplative Studies • http://bms.brown.edu/students/curriculum/ concentrations/contemplative
  21. 21. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 ByBy Willoughby Britton, Ph.D.Willoughby Britton, Ph.D. Department of PsychiatryDepartment of Psychiatry Warren Alpert School of Medicine, BrownWarren Alpert School of Medicine, Brown UniversityUniversity
  22. 22. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 Preliminary Study: Unpublished ResultsPreliminary Study: Unpublished Results IntroductionIntroduction Students in the study were volunteers recruited from two courses, one in eachStudents in the study were volunteers recruited from two courses, one in each semester. The first, Religious Studies 0500, “The Theory and Practice ofsemester. The first, Religious Studies 0500, “The Theory and Practice of Buddhist Meditation” was taught in the first semester. The second, “AnBuddhist Meditation” was taught in the first semester. The second, “An Introduction to Contemplative Studies” was taught during the secondIntroduction to Contemplative Studies” was taught during the second semester. Each course featured a curriculum that included one 140 minutesemester. Each course featured a curriculum that included one 140 minute seminar weekly and three 50 minute meditation session per week. Eachseminar weekly and three 50 minute meditation session per week. Each session was divided into 15 minutes of yoga, 25 minutes of meditation, andsession was divided into 15 minutes of yoga, 25 minutes of meditation, and 10 minutes of discussion and journaling. The instructor in both courses was10 minutes of discussion and journaling. The instructor in both courses was Professor Hal Roth.Professor Hal Roth. Three measures were administered: The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale,Three measures were administered: The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale, the Five Factor Mindfulness Scale, and the Acceptance and Actionthe Five Factor Mindfulness Scale, and the Acceptance and Action QuestionnaireQuestionnaire
  23. 23. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 1. Scores on Brown and Ryan's1. Scores on Brown and Ryan's Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS)Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) steadily increased over the semester. There was a significant increase fromsteadily increased over the semester. There was a significant increase from the beginning of the semester to mid semester to mid-semester (t(1,16)=-the beginning of the semester to mid semester to mid-semester (t(1,16)=- 3.38, p=.004) and from beginning to end of the semester (t(1,14)=-3.8,3.38, p=.004) and from beginning to end of the semester (t(1,14)=-3.8, p=.002). The increase from mid-semester to end of the semester was notp=.002). The increase from mid-semester to end of the semester was not significant, which suggests that the biggest gains in attention occur early insignificant, which suggests that the biggest gains in attention occur early in the semesterthe semester MAAS 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 MAAS1 MAAS2 MAAS3
  24. 24. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 2. Total Scores on the Baer's Mindfulness Five Factor Mindfulness Scale (FFMQ) also increased across the semester (p=.0005). Increases in observation (p=.03) and attentional clarity (p=.004) increased significantly in the first, but not second half of the semester. Non-judgment and non-reactivity showed large increases in the second, but not first half of the semester. These differences in skill acquisition are most likely due to different types of practices in each half of the semester. FFMQ 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 FFMQtot1 FFMQtot2 FFMQtot3 FFMQ 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 observe describe actaware nonjudge nonreact subscale baseline mid end
  25. 25. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 3. On Hayes'3. On Hayes' Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ)Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ), students scores, students scores increased significantly on the Willingness subscale (p=.03), but not the Actionincreased significantly on the Willingness subscale (p=.03), but not the Action subscale. This suggests an overall decrease in experiential avoidance of internalsubscale. This suggests an overall decrease in experiential avoidance of internal events and increased acceptance of unpleasant mental states and emotions.events and increased acceptance of unpleasant mental states and emotions. In terms of clinical symptoms, students showed a 30% reduction in total symptomsIn terms of clinical symptoms, students showed a 30% reduction in total symptoms with a 40% reductions in both anxiety and depression symptoms (p>.05). Studentswith a 40% reductions in both anxiety and depression symptoms (p>.05). Students also showed a trend (p<.10) toward improved social functioning, both in terms ofalso showed a trend (p<.10) toward improved social functioning, both in terms of interpersonal sensitivity (feeling inferior, self-conscious) and feelings of isolationinterpersonal sensitivity (feeling inferior, self-conscious) and feelings of isolation and loneliness.and loneliness. 40.0020.000.00 FFMQtot13diff 0.00 -3.00 -6.00 dep13diff 1.000.800.600.400.200.00-0.20 MAAS13diff 2.50 0.00 -2.50 -5.00 -7.50 dep13diff
  26. 26. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 :Observations:Observations  Improvements in depression symptoms acrossImprovements in depression symptoms across the semester were significantly correlated withthe semester were significantly correlated with increases in mindfulness scores, both on theincreases in mindfulness scores, both on the MAAS (r=-.62, p=.01) and the FFMQ (r=.78,MAAS (r=-.62, p=.01) and the FFMQ (r=.78, p=.001).p=.001).  Increased scores on the FFMQ were associatedIncreased scores on the FFMQ were associated with reported improvements in attentionwith reported improvements in attention problems (difficulty concentrating etc).problems (difficulty concentrating etc).
  27. 27. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 :Observations:Observations Improvements in attention problems in the first semesterImprovements in attention problems in the first semester correlated with MAAS total scores and the FFMQcorrelated with MAAS total scores and the FFMQ nonreactivity subscale. Decreases in total symptoms,nonreactivity subscale. Decreases in total symptoms, depression and social problems were most evident indepression and social problems were most evident in the second semester and were correlated with FFMQthe second semester and were correlated with FFMQ total score(r=-.85), non-reactivity(r=-.6-88), andtotal score(r=-.85), non-reactivity(r=-.6-88), and attentional clarity (r=-.88). Decreases in experientialattentional clarity (r=-.88). Decreases in experiential avoidance or willingness to experience unpleasantavoidance or willingness to experience unpleasant emotions was significantly correlated with decreasesemotions was significantly correlated with decreases in anxiety in the second semester.in anxiety in the second semester.
  28. 28. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 :Observations:Observations In a simultaneous regression, FFMQ subscalesIn a simultaneous regression, FFMQ subscales attentional clarity, non-judgment, nonreactivityattentional clarity, non-judgment, nonreactivity and willingness to experience accounted forand willingness to experience accounted for 92% of the variance in depression scores. That92% of the variance in depression scores. That is, the higher the scores on these subscales, theis, the higher the scores on these subscales, the lower the scores in depression.lower the scores in depression. Mindful awareness (MAAS) and observationalMindful awareness (MAAS) and observational skills did not correlate with clinical symptomskills did not correlate with clinical symptom relief.relief.
  29. 29. Effects of Contemplative Training in College Students at BrownEffects of Contemplative Training in College Students at Brown University, 2007-08University, 2007-08 :Observations:Observations SUMMARY: Participation in these two courses and the associated meditation labs was associated with significant decreases in clinical symptoms, notably depression and anxiety. Class participation was also associated with significant increases in a multifaceted construct called mindfulness which includes enhanced clarity and maintenance of attention, and emotional non-reactivity. Decreases in clinical symptoms, particularly depression, were highly correlated with increases in mindfulness scores over the semester.
  30. 30. As William James stated over a century ago: …the faculty of voluntarily bringing back a wandering attention, over and over again, is the very root of judgment, character, and will….An education which should improve this faculty would be the education par excellence. But it is easier to define this ideal than to give practical directions for bringing it about. (The Principles of Psychology)
  31. 31. The END
  32. 32. Contemplative Studies CoursesContemplative Studies Courses An abridged listAn abridged list
  33. 33. SCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIESSCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONCONCENTRATION Courses on scientific explanations of the mind and its cognitiveCourses on scientific explanations of the mind and its cognitive functioning, on individual and cultural levelsfunctioning, on individual and cultural levels PSYCHOLOGYPSYCHOLOGY PY0001: Elementary Psychology: Introduction to MindPY0001: Elementary Psychology: Introduction to Mind and Behaviorand Behavior PY0019: Animal MindsPY0019: Animal Minds PY0030: PersonalityPY0030: Personality PY0105: Music and MindPY0105: Music and Mind PY0107: Psychological TheoryPY0107: Psychological Theory *PY0182: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion*PY0182: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion
  34. 34. SCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVESCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION COGNITIVE AND LINGUISTIC SCIENCES:COGNITIVE AND LINGUISTIC SCIENCES: CG001: Approaches to the MindCG001: Approaches to the Mind CG008: Meaning and ThoughtCG008: Meaning and Thought CG042: Human CognitionCG042: Human Cognition CG044: Perception and MindCG044: Perception and Mind CG0045 Language and the MindCG0045 Language and the Mind CG0105 Music and Mind (MU0123 S01 PY0105 )CG0105 Music and Mind (MU0123 S01 PY0105 ) CG0186 Philosophy and the Science of PerceptionCG0186 Philosophy and the Science of Perception • (PL0189 )(PL0189 )
  35. 35. SCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIESSCIENCE COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONCONCENTRATION NEUROSCIENCENEUROSCIENCE BN001: The Brain: An Introduction toBN001: The Brain: An Introduction to NeuroscienceNeuroscience BN105: Cognitive NeuroscienceBN105: Cognitive Neuroscience ANTHROPOLOGYANTHROPOLOGY AN0105 Peoples and Cultures of Southeast AsiaAN0105 Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia *AN118: Japanese Culture, Society, and Performance*AN118: Japanese Culture, Society, and Performance AN131: Religion and CultureAN131: Religion and Culture AN139: Culture and CognitionAN139: Culture and Cognition
  36. 36. HUMANITIESHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVECOURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION UNIVERSITY COURSESUNIVERSITY COURSES *UC054: Introduction to Contemplative Studies*UC054: Introduction to Contemplative Studies *UC170: Transformation of the Research University*UC170: Transformation of the Research University RELIGIONRELIGION Courses on contemplative experience attained through religiousCourses on contemplative experience attained through religious practicepractice JUDAIC STUDIESJUDAIC STUDIES *JS 099: Jewish Mysticism*JS 099: Jewish Mysticism *JS 198: Mysticism and Community in the Hasidic Tale*JS 198: Mysticism and Community in the Hasidic Tale RELIGIOUS STUDIESRELIGIOUS STUDIES *RS 23: Religion Gone Wild: Spirituality and the Environment*RS 23: Religion Gone Wild: Spirituality and the Environment *RS 81: The Hindu Tradition*RS 81: The Hindu Tradition *RS 88.018: The Foundations of Chinese Religion*RS 88.018: The Foundations of Chinese Religion
  37. 37. HUMANITIESHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVECOURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION *RS 88.023: Great Mystical Traditions of Asia*RS 88.023: Great Mystical Traditions of Asia *RS 188.018: Theory and Practice of Buddhist Meditation*RS 188.018: Theory and Practice of Buddhist Meditation *RS 188.001: Music, Drama, and Religion in India*RS 188.001: Music, Drama, and Religion in India *RS 137.003: Buddhist Psychology*RS 137.003: Buddhist Psychology PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY Courses on the nature of the human mind from Western and Non-Courses on the nature of the human mind from Western and Non- Western traditionsWestern traditions AFRICANA STUDIESAFRICANA STUDIES *AF 115: Afro-Caribbean Philosophy*AF 115: Afro-Caribbean Philosophy PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY PL002: Mind and MatterPL002: Mind and Matter PL008: ExistentialismPL008: Existentialism PL175: EpistemologyPL175: Epistemology PL177: Philosophy of MindPL177: Philosophy of Mind
  38. 38. HUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVEHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONSTUDIES CONCENTRATION PHILOSOPHYPHILOSOPHY PL0008 ExistentialismPL0008 Existentialism PL0152 ConsciousnessPL0152 Consciousness CLASSICSCLASSICS CL0112 : The Idea of SelfCL0112 : The Idea of Self *CL 99: Concepts of Self in Indian Classical Literature*CL 99: Concepts of Self in Indian Classical Literature *SA 191: Advanced Sanskrit: Readings in Classical Indian*SA 191: Advanced Sanskrit: Readings in Classical Indian Philosophical textsPhilosophical texts AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONAMERICAN CIVILIZATION AC 161.06: H.D. Thoreau and His HeritageAC 161.06: H.D. Thoreau and His Heritage AC 190.06: Transcendentalism in Action: Emerson and WhitmanAC 190.06: Transcendentalism in Action: Emerson and Whitman
  39. 39. HUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIESHUMANITIES COURSES FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONCONCENTRATION LITERATURELITERATURE Courses on contemplative dimensions in creation or appreciationCourses on contemplative dimensions in creation or appreciation of creative writingof creative writing Literary ArtsLiterary Arts *LA 100: John Cage Seminar: Mind, Methods, and Materials*LA 100: John Cage Seminar: Mind, Methods, and Materials *LA 115: Ecopoetics in Practice*LA 115: Ecopoetics in Practice *LA 100: Buddhism and Creative Practice*LA 100: Buddhism and Creative Practice *LA 176: Still and Moving Minds: Contemplative Practice in Literature*LA 176: Still and Moving Minds: Contemplative Practice in Literature *LA 123: Section 02: Poetry, Mind, and World, Outside and Inside*LA 123: Section 02: Poetry, Mind, and World, Outside and Inside EDUCATIONEDUCATION ED 080: Introduction to Human Development and EducationED 080: Introduction to Human Development and Education ED 156: Philosophy of EducationED 156: Philosophy of Education COMPARATIVE LITERATURECOMPARATIVE LITERATURE *CO 143.01: Critical Approaches to Chinese Poetry*CO 143.01: Critical Approaches to Chinese Poetry *CO 161.01: Theory of Lyric Poetry*CO 161.01: Theory of Lyric Poetry
  40. 40. COURSES IN THE CREATIVE ARTS FORCOURSES IN THE CREATIVE ARTS FOR CONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATIONCONTEMPLATIVE STUDIES CONCENTRATION • Courses that study the role of contemplative experience in theCourses that study the role of contemplative experience in the creative artscreative arts THEATRE ARTSTHEATRE ARTS *TA 32: Creative Dance Collaborations*TA 32: Creative Dance Collaborations *TA 33: Mande Dance, Music, and Culture*TA 33: Mande Dance, Music, and Culture *TA 127: Non-Western Theatre and Performance*TA 127: Non-Western Theatre and Performance *TA 128.008: New Works/ World Traditions*TA 128.008: New Works/ World Traditions MUSICMUSIC *MU0119: Music and Trance*MU0119: Music and Trance MU0168: Music of IndonesiaMU0168: Music of Indonesia
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