Autism Spectrum Disorders in MinnesotaPresentation Transcript
Autism Spectrum Disorders in Minnesota Review of statewide data - Dec. 1, 2005 Phil Sievers – Specialist for ASD
Who are these students and where are
What are the trends ?
What can we predict in Minnesota ?
Who are these students ? Minnesota Definition 3525.1325 Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Subpart 1. Definition. “ Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)” means a range of pervasive developmental disorders that adversely affect a pupil’s functioning and result in the need for special education instruction and related services. ASD is a disability category characterized by an uneven developmental profile and a pattern of qualitative impairments in several areas of development: social interaction, communication, or restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, with onset in childhood.
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us ASD is a Low Incidence Disability…
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us What are the trends ?
National Facts and Statistics Autism Society of America -2006
1 in 166 births (1)
1 to 1.5 million Americans (2)
Fastest-growing developmental disability
10 - 17 % annual growth
Growth comparison during the 1990s (3) :
U.S. population increase: 13%
Disabilities increase: 16%
Autism increase: 172%
$90 billion annual cost (4)
90% of costs are in adult services4
Cost of lifelong care can be reduced by 2/3 with early diagnosis and intervention (4)
In 10 years, the annual cost will be $200-400 billion (5)
Autism Count Relative to Other Disability Categories Ages 3-5 Percent of Special Ed. Children in each Category Minnesota Child Count 1991-2000 Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us Where are they educated ?
Questions about the trends in Autism Spectrum Disorders...
Why the increase ?
Several factors contribute…
Better training and improved identification (NICHHD ‘99)
Broader spectrum now considered (CDC ‘99)
Possible, undetermined environmental and genetic factors (Bailey’96,Roidier ’00)
More questions about the trends…
Are we over identifying ?
No, there is evidence we are still under identifying in early years..
Are other states finding the same rates ?
Yes and some at much higher rates
Will the ASD Child Count continue to increase?
Analysis of MDE Child Count and NIH data predicts continued increase.
What forecasts or estimates can be made ?
1/500 to 1/200 births (NICHHD and CDC 1999)
Source: Twenty-Fourth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
What can we predict in Minnesota ? Source: Epidemiological study- Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Descriptive Study, Child Count Data from the Minnesota Dept. of Children, Families & Learning 1981-2001”. Gurney, J., Fritz, M., U of Minnesota and Sievers, P. MN Autism Project, 2001 Estimated Future ASD Prevalence and Child Counts Year Based on Annual Increase of 31% Based on Annual Increase of 25% Based on 2000 Prevalence in 7 yr olds 2000 18 / 10,000 N = 2,814 18 / 10,000 N = 2,814 18 / 10,000 N = 2,814 2005 71 / 10,000 N = 10,827 56 / 10,000 N = 8,588 49 / 10,000 N = 7,409 2010 274 / 10,000 N = 41,660 171 / 10,000 N = 26,207 49 / 10,000 N = 7,345
Training materials and Resources
Promising Practices: Effective Early Intervention
Video available at Metro ECSU 612-638-1530
MN First Signs Screening kit and training video
Kit/video available at 612-638-1532
ICAN –Web-based ASD Training Modules…Evidence-based www.autismnetwork.org
Supporting Students with ASD: Role of the Paraprofessional http://ici.umn.edu/products/order.html
Educating Children with Autism-National Academy of Science Report http://www.nap.edu/books/0309072697/html/
Minnesota State Autism Network Goal…Working together to increase the capacity of staff, districts and regions, to provide a full array of educational services for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Low Incidence Disability Projects by Minnesota Planning Regions... 1+2 Bemidji 3 Virginia 4 Fergus Falls 5+7 Staples 6+8 Marshall 9 Mankato 10 Rochester 11 Twin Cities
Minnesota State Autism Network
Launched in 1992 as a capacity building project
Technical Assistance and Training model
55 Educators from all 11 regions of Minnesota
Regional Team Model
Minnesota State Autism Network http://www.ecsu.k12.mn.us/mnautismproject.html