Autism Spectrum Disorders in Minnesota Review of statewide data - Dec. 1, 2005 Phil Sievers – Specialist for ASD
Who are these students and where are
What are the trends ?
What can we predict in Minnesota ?
Who are these students ? Minnesota Definition 3525.1325 Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Subpart 1. Definition. “ Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)” means a range of pervasive developmental disorders that adversely affect a pupil’s functioning and result in the need for special education instruction and related services. ASD is a disability category characterized by an uneven developmental profile and a pattern of qualitative impairments in several areas of development: social interaction, communication, or restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, with onset in childhood.
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us ASD is a Low Incidence Disability…
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us What are the trends ?
National Facts and Statistics Autism Society of America -2006
1 in 166 births (1)
1 to 1.5 million Americans (2)
Fastest-growing developmental disability
10 - 17 % annual growth
Growth comparison during the 1990s (3) :
U.S. population increase: 13%
Disabilities increase: 16%
Autism increase: 172%
$90 billion annual cost (4)
90% of costs are in adult services4
Cost of lifelong care can be reduced by 2/3 with early diagnosis and intervention (4)
In 10 years, the annual cost will be $200-400 billion (5)
Autism Count Relative to Other Disability Categories Ages 3-5 Percent of Special Ed. Children in each Category Minnesota Child Count 1991-2000 Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us
Data Source: MN Dept. of Education/Special Education-Unduplicated Child Count Data http://education.state.mn.us Where are they educated ?
Questions about the trends in Autism Spectrum Disorders...
Why the increase ?
Several factors contribute…
Better training and improved identification (NICHHD ‘99)
Broader spectrum now considered (CDC ‘99)
Possible, undetermined environmental and genetic factors (Bailey’96,Roidier ’00)
Source: Twenty-Fourth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
What can we predict in Minnesota ? Source: Epidemiological study- Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Descriptive Study, Child Count Data from the Minnesota Dept. of Children, Families & Learning 1981-2001”. Gurney, J., Fritz, M., U of Minnesota and Sievers, P. MN Autism Project, 2001 Estimated Future ASD Prevalence and Child Counts Year Based on Annual Increase of 31% Based on Annual Increase of 25% Based on 2000 Prevalence in 7 yr olds 2000 18 / 10,000 N = 2,814 18 / 10,000 N = 2,814 18 / 10,000 N = 2,814 2005 71 / 10,000 N = 10,827 56 / 10,000 N = 8,588 49 / 10,000 N = 7,409 2010 274 / 10,000 N = 41,660 171 / 10,000 N = 26,207 49 / 10,000 N = 7,345
Educating Children with Autism-National Academy of Science Report http://www.nap.edu/books/0309072697/html/
Minnesota State Autism Network Goal…Working together to increase the capacity of staff, districts and regions, to provide a full array of educational services for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Low Incidence Disability Projects by Minnesota Planning Regions... 1+2 Bemidji 3 Virginia 4 Fergus Falls 5+7 Staples 6+8 Marshall 9 Mankato 10 Rochester 11 Twin Cities