Autism Awareness

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Autism Awareness

  1. 1. AUTISM AWARENESS DID YOU KNOW?
  2. 2. QUICK FACTS ABOUT AUTISM 1 in 250 births 1 to 1.5 million Americans Fastest-growing developmental disability 10 - 17 % annual growth
  3. 3. QUICK FACTS Growth comparison during the 1990s U.S. population increase: 13% Disabilities increase: 16% Autism increase: 172%
  4. 4. QUICK FACTS  $90 billion annual cost  90% of costs are in adult services  Cost of lifelong care can be reduced by 2/3 with early diagnosis and intervention  In 10 years, the annual cost will be $200-400 billion
  5. 5. What is Autism?  Autism is a complex, life-long biological disorder of development that results in social interaction problems, communication difficulties, and restrictive or repetitive interests and behaviors.  The prevalence of autism estimates run from approximately one-in-500 children, to one-in- 1000 children, who might be affected by some form of the disorder.
  6. 6. What is Autism?  Autism can be reliably diagnosed by or before age three.  Parents and expert clinicians can usually detect symptoms during infancy, although a formal diagnosis is generally not made until the child fails to develop functional language by age two.  Approximately 20 percent of children with autism reportedly experience a "regression"; that is, they have apparently normal development followed by a loss of communication and social skills.
  7. 7. What is Autism? Boys are three-to-four times more likely to be affected by autism than girls. Autism occurs in all racial, ethnic, and social groups.
  8. 8. What is Autism?  Although there is currently no known cure for autism, autism is treatable.  Persons with autism can make progress if they receive appropriate, individual intervention.  Pre-school children who receive intensive, individualized, behavioral interventions show remarkable progress.  In addition, limited pharmacological interventions are available to treat specific symptoms of autism.
  9. 9. What Causes Autism?  In the majority of cases, no specific underlying cause can be identified.  However, a variety of factors are being investigated:  infectious, metabolic, genetic, and environmental factors.
  10. 10. What Causes Autism? A working group convened by the NIH (National Institute of Health) in 1995 reached a consensus that autism probably results from a genetic susceptibility that involves multiple genes.
  11. 11. What Causes Autism?  To date, genetic causes for one disorder commonly accompanied by autism and one autism-spectrum disorder have been identified, Fragile X and Rett syndrome, respectively and genetic "hotspots" for more classic autism have been indicated.  Fragile X is the most common, genetically inherited form of mental retardation currently known and produces many of the same behaviors and symptoms as autism.  Rett syndrome, which affects only girls, is a progressive brain disease that produces a loss of language/social skills that is similar to autism and is classified as an autism spectrum disorder.
  12. 12. What Causes Autism? NIH research on possible genetic, infectious, immunological, and environmental causes and mechanisms of autism is underway.
  13. 13. What can you do to help??  Spread the word, the first step is awareness.  April is National Autism Awareness Month  The Autism Society of America (ASA) can get you started! http://www.autism- society.org
  14. 14. GET INVOLVED  Autism is puzzling doctors and scientists everywhere.  But by making more people aware more resources can be organized towards the goal  ASA offers WRISTBANDS, BUMPER STICKERS, and all sorts of merchandise.  Profits go to research for Autism!
  15. 15. Submitted by Tyrone Ward, Resident Assistant, Philadelphia University

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