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Reported speech


form and use; backshift; exercises to practise

form and use; backshift; exercises to practise

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  • 1. “I am very happy at school. ISARA have very good marks. My brother is also in my class ” Sara said that she was very happy at school and that she had very good marks. She said that her brother was also in her class. We’ll see its use, the back-shift (changes in the verb tenses), changes in pronouns and time/place expressions.
  • 2. We use reported speech when we want to report whatanother person has said.Therefore, verbs usuallychange to the past.This is called …When transforming check whether you have to change: pronouns place/time expressions verb tenses
  • 3. Direct speech Reported speechsimple present simple pastMary said: “ I am at home” Mary said that she was at home.present progressive past progressiveMary said: “ I am watching a Mary said that she was watchingfilm” a film.present perfect past perfectMary said:” I have been very Mary said that she had beenbusy”. very busy.simple past past perfectMary said: “ I was in New york” Mary said that she had been in New York.past perfect past perfectMary said: “ I had been there” Mary said that she had been there.going to-future was/were going to + infinitiveMary said: “ I am going to Mary said that she was going totravel” travel.
  • 4. Modals with back-shift Can-Could may-might will- would Must- had to Shall-should Modals without back-shiftwould, could, might, should =ought to, used to, would like to, had better
  • 5. (:) (“and ”)Typical in direct speechMary said : “ I don’t know your name”Mary said that she didn’t know my name.Tony said: “ My mum will be in the station in fiveminutes”Tony said that his mum would be in thestation in five minutes. Common sense
  • 6. 1.Sam said: “I don’t like going to the cinema.”Sam said that he didn’t like going to the cinema.2.Lisa said: “My mum is going to visit me soon.”Lisa told me that her mum was going to visit her soon.3.The president said: I’ll always help poor people”.The president said that he would always help poor people.4.The students said: “We want to practice more becausegrammar is difficult.The students told me that they wanted to practice more becausegrammar was difficult.
  • 7. For commands in reported speech we useintroductory verbs like tell+object pr. or advise +infinitive with to.To express negative commands use tell or advise+ not + infinitive with to.Danny said, "Leave the room immediately!"Danny told him to leave the room immediately.Mary said to her sister, "Dont run so fast!"Mary told her sister not to run so fast.
  • 8. we use suggested + VERB ending in -ING in reportedspeech or that sb SHOULD+ INF.John: “why don’t we go to the cinema?/Let’s go to thecinema”/Shall we go to the cinema?/How about going tothe cinema?”John suggested going to the cinema.John suggested that we should go to the cinema.
  • 9. Taken from: speech/exercises?11Complete the sentences in reported speech."I was very tired," she said.→ She said"Be careful, Ben," she said.→ She told Ben"I will get myself a drink," she says.→ She says"Why havent you phoned me?" he asked me.→ He asked"I cannot drive them home," he said.→ He said"Peter, do you prefer tea or coffee?" she says.→ She asks Peter"Where did you spend your holidays last year?" she asked me.→ She asked meHe said, "Dont go too far."→ He advised/told her"Have you been shopping?" he asked us.→ He wanted to know"Dont make so much noise," he says.→ He asks us
  • 10. He said, "I like this song."→ He said"Where is your sister?" she asked me.→ She asked me"I dont speak Italian," she said.→ She said"Say hello to Jim," they said.→ They asked me"The film began at seven oclock," he said.→ He said"Dont play on the grass, boys," she said.→ She told the boys"Where have you spent your money?" she asked him.→ She asked him"I never make mistakes," he said.→ He said"Does she know Robert?" he wanted to know.→ He wanted to know"Dont try this at home," the stuntman told the audience.→ The stuntman advised the audience