Oceania

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Oceania

  1. 1. OCEANIA
  2. 2. Oceania • Area 9,008,458 km²(3,478,185.1 sq mi) • Population 32,000,000  • Countries 14 • LanguagesEnglish, French, and many others
  3. 3. Population • Australia • Christmas Islands • Cocos Islands  • New Zealand • Norfolk Island • Fiji • Indonesia • New Caledonia • Paupa new Guinea • 21,050,000 • 1493 • 631 • 4,108,037 • 1,886 • 856,346 • 4,211,532 • 270,858 • 5,172,033
  4. 4. Population • Salomon Islands • Vanuatu • Federated States of  Micronesia • Guam • Kiribati • Marshall Islands • Nauru • Northen Mariana  Islands • 494,786 • 196,178 • 135,869 • 160,796 • 96,335 • 73,630 • 12,329 • 77,311
  5. 5. Population • Palau • American Samoa • Cook Islands • French Polinesia • Ninue • Pitcairn Islands • Samoa • Tokelau • Tonga • 19,409 • 68,688 • 20,811 • 257,847 • 2,134 • 47 • 178,631 • 1,431 • 106,137
  6. 6. Population • 11,146 • 15,585 • Tuvalu • Wallis and Futuna
  7. 7. Prehistory of Australia • The prehistory of Australia is a term which may be used to describe the period of approximately 41,000-46,000 years (or up to 68,000 years, as is contended by some studies) between the first human habitation of the Australian continent and the first known sighting of Australia by Europeans in 1606, which may be taken as the beginning of the recent history of Australia. This era is referred to as prehistory rather than history because there are no written records of human events in Australia which pre-date this contact.
  8. 8. History of Australia • The history of Australia began when people first migrated to the Australian continent from Asia, at least 40,000-45,000 years ago. The written history of Australia began when Dutch explorers first sighted the country in the 17th century. The interpretation of the history of Australia is currently a matter of some contention, particularly regarding the British settlement and early treatment of Indigenous Australians.
  9. 9. History of New Zeland • The history of New Zealand dates back at least seven hundred years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture centred on kinship links and land. The first European explorer came to New Zealand in 1642. From the late eighteenth century, the country was regularly visited by explorers and other sailors, missionaries, traders and adventurers. In 1840 the Treaty of Waitangi was signed between the British Crown and various Māori chiefs, bringing New Zealand into the British Empire and giving Māori equal rights with British citizens. There was extensive European and some Asian settlement throughout the rest of the century. War and the imposition of a European economic and legal system led to most of New Zealand's land passing from Māori to Pākehā (European) ownership, and most Māori subsequently became impoverished. From the 1890s the New Zealand parliament enacted a number of progressive initatives, including women's suffrage and old age pensions. From the 1930s the economy was highly regulated and an extensive welfare state was developed. Meanwhile, Māori culture underwent a renaissance, and from the 1950s Māori began moving to the cities in large numbers. This led to the development of a Māori protest movement which in turn led to greater recognition of the Treaty of Waitangi in the late twentieth century. In the 1980s the economy was largely deregulated and a number of socially liberal policies, such as decriminalisation of homosexuality, were put in place. Foreign policy, which had previously consisted mostly of following Britain or the United States, became more independent. Subsequent governments have generally maintained these policies, although tempering the free market ethos somewhat.
  10. 10. •Each Island have her story but we only say the history of the Islands more importants
  11. 11. Sport • Pacific Games: The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the South Pacific. It is held every four years and began in 1963.
  12. 12. Sport • Also they practise: • Rugby • Australian football
  13. 13. Religions • The majoroty of theirs are Secular but in somewhere are Jewist
  14. 14. Economy • The economy of Oceania comprises more than 14 separate countries and their associated economies. On a total scale the region has approximately 35,834,670 inhabitants who are spread among 30,000 islands in the South Pacific bordered between Asia and the Americas. This region has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia (1st) and New Zealand (2nd) boasting parity with much of Western Europe, to the much less developed economies that belong to many of their island neighbours. • A panorama of Sydney, Australia's most populous city and the largest of Oceania's only 2 World Cities. • A panorama of Auckland and the most populous city in New Zealand, the second of two world cities in Oceania.
  15. 15. Economy
  16. 16. Economy
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