Universal screening : All students are given a screening measure. Students at risk for academic failure are identified.
Tier 1 : Students receive effective instruction in the general education setting, using validated practices. Student progress is monitored on a weekly basis. (In some approaches, universal screening is considered part of Tier 1.)
Tier 2 : Students whose progress is less than desired receive different or additional support from the classroom teacher or another educational professional. Student progress continues to be monitored.
Tier 3 : Students whose progress is still insufficient in Tier 2 may receive even more intensive instruction, which can be provided in a variety of ways. Then, depending on a state's or district's policies, students may qualify for special education services based on the progress monitoring data, or they may receive either an abbreviated or comprehensive evaluation for the identification of a learning disability.
Expected to help ~80-85% of students be successful Offered to ~15% of students not successful in Tier 1 ~5% of students – not special ed yet Explanation of RTI process (Atlas) Universal Screening ASSESSMENT/EVALUATION Assessments determine if interventions are successful or if students need more help
Greater potential for early intervening than IQ Discrepancy model
No “wait to fail” long-term struggle for student
Continued targeted instruction in the classroom before special education i.d.
Greater potential to prevent false positives resulting from ineffective instruction or test language bias rather than LD
Uses ongoing classroom data rather than 1 time test (increasingly frequent monitoring)
Informs classroom practice
"Of those with 'specific learning disabilities,' 80 percent are there [in special education] simply because they haven't learned how to read ...The reading difficulties may not be their only area of difficulty, but it is the area that resulted in special education placement." (President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education, 2002) Credit: IRIS
What are the two options for identifying students with learning disabilities? Briefly summarize each one.
List at least four benefits of using an RTI approach with struggling students.
Compton is a first-grade student at Rosa Parks Elementary School. His teacher, having administered a universal screening measure, has identified Compton as a struggling reader. Name and explain the first step in the RTI approach that she should consider when trying to help Compton.
Assume that your recommendation for Question 3 was implemented; unfortunately, Compton's progress continues to be insufficient. Name and explain the next step in the RTI approach.