ISO originated from the union of two
organizations – the ISO (International Federation
of the National Standardizing Associations) and the
UNSCC (United Nations Standard Coordinating
Committee). The word ISO is derived from the
Greek ISOS meaning ‘equal’. As the International
Organization for Standardization would translate
differently across different languages it was decided
that the short form name for the organization would
In 1946 over 25 countries met at the Institute
of Civil Engineers in London to create a new
international organization, where the objective was
to ‘facilitate the international coordination and
unification of industrial standards’ From this the
new organization ISO began operations in
February 1947, and since then have published
more than 19 500 International Standards covering
almost all aspects of technology and business.
From food safety to computers, and agriculture to
healthcare, ISO International Standards impact all
ISO (International Organization for
Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of
voluntary International Standards. International
Standards give state of the art specifications for
products, services and good practice, helping to
make industry more efficient and effective.
Developed through global consensus, they help to
break down barriers to international trade.
Today ISO have members from 162
countries and 3 368 technical bodies to take care
of standard development. More than 150 people
work full time for ISO’s Central Secretariat in
A standard is a document that provides
requirements, specifications, guidelines or
characteristics that can be used consistently
to ensure that materials, products, processes
and services are fit for their purpose.
ISO 9000 - Quality management
Make sure your products and services meet
customers' needs with this family of standards.
ISO 22000 - Food safety management
Inspire confidence in your food products
with this family of standards.
ISO 31000 - Risk management
Manage risks that could be negative for your
company’s performance with this standard.
ISO 26000 - Social responsibility
Help your organization to operate in a
socially responsible way with this standard.
ISO 639 - Language codes
Describe languages in an internationally
accepted way with this standard.
Benefits of International Standards
International Standards bring
technological, economic and societal benefits.
They help to harmonize technical specifications of
products and services making industry more
efficient and breaking down barriers to
international trade. Conformity to International
Standards helps reassure consumers that products
are safe, efficient and good for the environment.
Facts and figures about the benefits of
The repository of studies on economic and
social benefits of standards provides an insight of
the approaches and results of the studies
undertaken by different authors, such as national
and international standards bodies, research
institutes, universities and other international
HOW ARE ISO STANDARDS
An ISO standard is developed by a panel of
experts, within a technical committee. Once the need for
a standard has been established, these experts meet to
discuss and negotiate a draft standard. As soon as a draft
has been developed it is shared with ISO’s members
who are asked to comment and vote on it. If a consensus
is reached the draft becomes an ISO standard, if not it
goes back to the technical committee for further edits.
Key principles in standard development
1. ISO standards respond to a need in the market
ISO does not decide when to develop a new
standard. Instead, ISO responds to a request from
industry or other stakeholders such as consumer
groups. Typically, an industry sector or group
communicates the need for a standard to its
national member who then contacts ISO.
2. ISO standards are based on global expert opinion
ISO standards are developed by groups of experts
from all over the world, that are part of larger groups
called technical committees. These experts negotiate all
aspects of the standard, including its scope, key
definitions and content.
3. ISO standards are developed through a multi-
The technical committees are made up of experts
from the relevant industry, but also from consumer
associations, academia, NGOs and government.
4. ISO standards are based on a consensus
Developing ISO standards is a consensus-based
approach and comments from stakeholders are taken
DIFFERENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
A management system describes the set of
procedures an organization needs to follow in order to
meet its objectives.
In a small organization there may not be an
official system, just ‘our way of doing things’. Often ‘our
way of doing things’ is not written down, instead it is in
the head of the staff. However, the larger the
organization the more likely it is that there are written
instructions about how things are done. This makes sure
that nothing is left out and that everyone is clear about
who needs to do what, when and how. When an
organization systemizes how it does things, this is known
as a management system.
ISO 50001:2011 – Energy Management
ISO 50001 is based on the management
system model of continual improvement also
used for other well-known standards such as ISO
9001 or ISO 14001. This makes it easier for
organizations to integrate energy management into
their overall efforts to improve quality and
ISO 50001:2011 provides a framework of
requirements for organizations to:
Develop a policy for more efficient use of
Fix targets and objectives to meet the policy
Use data to better understand and make
decisions about energy use
Measure the results
Review how well the policy works, and
Continually improve energy management.
ISO 14000 - Environmental management
The ISO 14000 family addresses various aspects
of environmental management. It provides practical tools
for companies and organizations looking to identify and
control their environmental impact and constantly
improve their environmental performance. ISO
14001:2004 and ISO 14004:2004 focus on
environmental management systems. The other
standards in the family focus on specific environmental
aspects such as life cycle analysis, communication and
ISO 9000 - Quality management
The ISO 9000 family addresses various
aspects of quality management and contains
some of ISO’s best known standards. The
standards provide guidance and tools for
companies and organizations who want to ensure
that their products and services consistently meet
customer’s requirements, and that quality is
There are many standards in the ISO 9000
ISO 9001:2008 - sets out the requirements of a quality
ISO 9000:2005 - covers the basic concepts and
ISO 9004:2009 - focuses on how to make a quality
management system more efficient and effective
ISO 19011:2011 - sets out guidance on internal and
external audits of quality management systems.
ISO 22000 - Food safety management
The ISO 22000 family of International
Standards addresses food safety management. The
consequences of unsafe food can be serious and
ISO’s food safety management standards help
organizations identify and control food safety
hazards. As many of today's food products
repeatedly cross national boundaries, International
Standards are needed to ensure the safety of the
global food supply chain.
ISO/IEC 27001 - Information security
The ISO 27000 family of standards helps
organizations keep information assets secure.
ISO/IEC 27001 is the best-known standard in the
family providing requirements for an information security
management system (ISMS). Using this family of
standards will help your organization manage the security
of assets such as financial information, intellectual
property, employee details or information entrusted to
you by third parties.
ISO 20121 - Sustainable events
Events take a heavy toll on our resources, society
and the environment. They can generate significant
waste, put a strain on local resources like water or
energy, or even ignite tensions in local communities.
With ISO 20121 you can make your event
sustainable, no matter its type or size. ISO 20121 offers
guidance and best practice to help you manage your event
and control its social, economic and environmental. The
standard has been developed with input from many
different stakeholders, including representatives from the
event industry, to make it practical and useful. It
addresses all stages of an events’ supply chain, and
includes monitoring and measuring guidelines.
TWO ISO CERTIFIED COMPANIES IN
1.San Miguel Foods