The disintegration of yugoslavia and the ensuing civil war in the balkans
BY: MARIFE C. CAPADA
Why FRY was built?
What were the reasons that led to the
disintegration of FRY?
Effects of the Disintegration: How it Changed
Status of the Former Members Yugoslav
The formation of
distinct nation states
that would represent
and protect ethnically
To established a new
and ethnically diverse
To build a federation of
equal nation regardless
of geographic and pop.
In the first decades of existence
of Federal National Republic of
the main power of decisionmaking was concentrated in the
hands of Josip Broz Tito and the
Central committee of
The disintegration of FRY-a process that
cost thousands of lives-commenced only a
year after the demolition of the Berlin
Wall, notably, the unified and extremely
powerful Germany was one of its drivers.
Death of Tito
Ethnic melting point
Croats and Slovenes-Roman Catholic, used
Serbs, Macedonians, Montenegrins-Eastern
Orthodox, used Cyrillic alphabet
Bosnians-converted to Islam
The numerous ethnic groups held historical
animosities towards each other since the last
From its birth in 1918 to its death in the 1990’s,
Yugoslavia has always been a whole. Yugoslavia
was kept together by it’s diplomacy and their good
reputation and achievements during the
administration led by Tito.
As a result of his death, neighbors that lived in
peace for decades turned on each other, ethnic
hatred was occurring and republics were declaring
independence one after the other. The country was
gradually falling apart.
Slipped seriously in debt
Global recession in 1980s-oil crisis
Seven neighboring countries, and problems
with all of them;
Six republics, and problems between them,
Two alphabets, and
One political party
Balkan Civil Wars
Creation of the present-day countries created
from the former parts of Yugoslavia are:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Balkan wars were a
series of conflicts that led to
the disintegration of the
former Republic of
Yugoslavia. Occurring over
a decade-long period
between 1991 and 2001,
these conflicts ultimately
affected all six former
Yugoslav republics-allegiances were largely
split along republic borders.
Bosnia and Herzegovina aspires to become a
European Union member state. The integration
process will be one of negotiation and
Croatia is a candidate country for membership
in the European Union. It joined NATO in 2009
and enjoys a good bilateral relationship with
the United States.
Kosovo Assembly declared the country's
independence in 2008.
"Macedonia" was temporarily designated "the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia“;
Greece maintained a trade embargo for the first
several years after Macedonia's declaration of
Montenegro is now an example of a small but
stable state in the West Balkans
The situation in Serbia has resulted in a
residual atmosphere of national
disappointment and aspirations for a "Greater
Serbia" have faded. Fortunately, President
Boris Tadic, who has led the country since
2004, is an internationally-respected leader.
Slovenia is the most flourishing of the former
member states of Yugoslavia, enjoying strong
economic benefits from a stable political
system. The country is a member of NATO and
the European Union. With its strong alliances,
Slovenia will most likely continue to grow in
influence during the 21st century.
The break-up should be regarded as a
dangerous policy that may result in warfare
Transition to democracy is not necessarily
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