BY: MARIFE C. CAPADA
MIH-2
I.
II.

III.

IV.

V.

Why FRY was built?
What were the reasons that led to the
disintegration of FRY?
Effects of the Disi...






The formation of
distinct nation states
that would represent
and protect ethnically
homogeneous groups.
To establ...
In the first decades of existence
of Federal National Republic of
Yugoslavia (FNRJ)
the main power of decisionmaking was c...
The disintegration of FRY-a process that
cost thousands of lives-commenced only a
year after the demolition of the Berlin
...




Ethnic Division
Death of Tito
Economic Crisis
Ethnic melting point
 Croats and Slovenes-Roman Catholic, used
Latin alphabet
 Serbs, Macedonians, Montenegrins-Eastern
...




From its birth in 1918 to its death in the 1990’s,
Yugoslavia has always been a whole. Yugoslavia
was kept together ...



Slipped seriously in debt
Global recession in 1980s-oil crisis









Seven neighboring countries, and problems
with all of them;
Six republics, and problems between them,
Five...



1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Balkan Civil Wars
Creation of the present-day countries created
from the former parts of Yugosl...
The Balkan wars were a
series of conflicts that led to
the disintegration of the
former Republic of
Yugoslavia.  Occurring...




Bosnia and Herzegovina aspires to become a
European Union member state. The integration
process will be one of negot...




Kosovo Assembly declared the country's
independence in 2008. 
"Macedonia" was temporarily designated "the
former Yug...




Montenegro is now an example of a small but
stable state in the West Balkans
The situation in Serbia has resulted in...


Slovenia is the most flourishing of the former
member states of Yugoslavia, enjoying strong
economic benefits from a st...




The break-up should be regarded as a
dangerous policy that may result in warfare
Transition to democracy is not nece...
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The disintegration of yugoslavia and the ensuing civil war in the balkans

  1. 1. BY: MARIFE C. CAPADA MIH-2
  2. 2. I. II. III. IV. V. Why FRY was built? What were the reasons that led to the disintegration of FRY? Effects of the Disintegration: How it Changed Europe? Status of the Former Members Yugoslav Federation Today Conclusion
  3. 3.    The formation of distinct nation states that would represent and protect ethnically homogeneous groups. To established a new and ethnically diverse state To build a federation of equal nation regardless of geographic and pop. size
  4. 4. In the first decades of existence of Federal National Republic of Yugoslavia (FNRJ) the main power of decisionmaking was concentrated in the hands of Josip Broz Tito and the Central committee of Communist Party.
  5. 5. The disintegration of FRY-a process that cost thousands of lives-commenced only a year after the demolition of the Berlin Wall, notably, the unified and extremely powerful Germany was one of its drivers.
  6. 6.    Ethnic Division Death of Tito Economic Crisis
  7. 7. Ethnic melting point  Croats and Slovenes-Roman Catholic, used Latin alphabet  Serbs, Macedonians, Montenegrins-Eastern Orthodox, used Cyrillic alphabet  Bosnians-converted to Islam The numerous ethnic groups held historical animosities towards each other since the last century. 
  8. 8.   From its birth in 1918 to its death in the 1990’s, Yugoslavia has always been a whole. Yugoslavia was kept together by it’s diplomacy and their good reputation and achievements during the administration led by Tito. As a result of his death, neighbors that lived in peace for decades turned on each other, ethnic hatred was occurring and republics were declaring independence one after the other. The country was gradually falling apart.
  9. 9.   Slipped seriously in debt Global recession in 1980s-oil crisis
  10. 10.        Seven neighboring countries, and problems with all of them; Six republics, and problems between them, Five nationalities, Four languages, Three religions, Two alphabets, and One political party
  11. 11.   1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Balkan Civil Wars Creation of the present-day countries created from the former parts of Yugoslavia are: Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Kosovo Macedonia Montenegro Serbia Slovenia
  12. 12. The Balkan wars were a series of conflicts that led to the disintegration of the former Republic of Yugoslavia.  Occurring over a decade-long period between 1991 and 2001, these conflicts ultimately affected all six former Yugoslav republics-allegiances were largely split along republic borders.
  13. 13.   Bosnia and Herzegovina aspires to become a European Union member state. The integration process will be one of negotiation and compromise. Croatia is a candidate country for membership in the European Union. It joined NATO in 2009 and enjoys a good bilateral relationship with the United States.
  14. 14.   Kosovo Assembly declared the country's independence in 2008.  "Macedonia" was temporarily designated "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia“; Greece maintained a trade embargo for the first several years after Macedonia's declaration of independence
  15. 15.   Montenegro is now an example of a small but stable state in the West Balkans The situation in Serbia has resulted in a residual atmosphere of national disappointment and aspirations for a "Greater Serbia" have faded. Fortunately, President Boris Tadic, who has led the country since 2004, is an internationally-respected leader. 
  16. 16.  Slovenia is the most flourishing of the former member states of Yugoslavia, enjoying strong economic benefits from a stable political system. The country is a member of NATO and the European Union. With its strong alliances, Slovenia will most likely continue to grow in influence during the 21st century.
  17. 17.   The break-up should be regarded as a dangerous policy that may result in warfare Transition to democracy is not necessarily accomplished easily
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