Turning a Bill into an Act of Parliament: The Pre-Parliamentary ProcessWhat do you need to know?What a bill isWhat a bill actually looks like How a bill comes before Parliament The three main types of Bill
Starter: How much do you already know?1. Which three institutions do I mean when I say ‘Parliament’ Queen, House of Lords, House of Commons2. What colour are the seats in the House of Lords? Red3. What the job of the speaker? To maintain order in the HC4. Who is the leader of the opposition? Ed Miliband5. Who currently makes up the government? Conservatives & Liberal Democrats6. How many MPs are there? 6507. How many Lords are there? 790
What information do you need to know? What is a Bill? What types of Bill are there? Public Private Private Members Can you match the definition? Universities of PACE 2004 Abortion Act 1967Manchester Act 2004
Student task: How confident are you with the types? Can you sort out these Acts and Bills into the three types?Criminal Justice Act Grandparents Minimum Font 2003 (Access) Bill 2011 (Sizing) Bill 2008 Public Private Members Private Members Kent County Council Human Rights Act Liverpool City Council(Filming on highways) Act 2011 1998 Act 2006 Private Public PrivateMurder (Abolition of Coroners and Justice Offences Against theDeath Penalty) Act Act 2009 Person Act 1861 1965 Private Members Public Public
What are you going to do? You are going to follow the pre-parliamentary process Stage One: Why the green paper? Ideas! Well, this is what we call the first broad proposals for a law that mightIn your groups talk about your be put forward. pet peeves and things you’d like to change. They are not written in legal languageEach table has four sheets of green paper They don’t have to become laws!Between you, decide on fourof your ideas which you think might be a good law. Each on one piece of paper
Next stage: ConsultationYou now need to get the feedback from interested parties.... Pass the suggestions onto all of the other groups You, as the consultees can write a response – what do you think of it? Good idea? Bad? Thoughts? Write down your responses onto the card Although the green paper can be commented on by anybody... it is also sent to specific interested parties. It’s really about them finding out if there is really a need to bring in this law.
Stage 2 A more detailed proposal Now you have your ideas back, look at the feedback and pick one to take forwardTask: Write a short paragraph This is known as the explaining your law and white paper stage and is name it! a firm proposal for a law.Include It can be quite differentwho it is going to cover, from the greenwhy we need it paper, but is written in ‘normal’ language.
A little more... Consultation (2)Pass the law onto at least two This is the selected consultation phase, where other groups. they will send it to people who are directly affected or This is the selected consultation phase. have a specialist interest. Look carefully at the proposal:what do you think?Have they considered all options?Do you agree?Are there any loopholes you can spot?Any words which might need defining?Have they considered all the elements?
Now you have the feedback back, all that is left is to... Write the Bill! Long Title: What is the Bill going to cover? You need to make sure that this covers Short title: everything which is included in the Bill What is the name of the bill? ... If its not in the long title, it can’t be in the Bill! Definitions: Clauses and sub-clauses: Any words which might be unclear orWho it applies to, and why, vague need to be defined as clearlyPunishments and enforcement as possiblemonitoring e.g. Child, house, payment etcconditions ‘large shop’.any paperwork Include at least four clauses.
Which idea is the winner? Well, in Parliament all the ideas are published so that everyone can have a look at them and decide whether or not they want to support it. This is called the First You have 15 minutes to have a look at Reading all the Bills, ask questions of the group and try to get support for your own.Each group will nominate a spokesperson who will stand up and “My Lords, I beg to introduce a bill to... “ And then read out the long title of the Bill Group Group Group Group You will then get to vote ‘aye’. 1 2 3 4 (You may only vote aye once!)
Finally...How confident are you in what you have learnt this lesson? A Evaluate whether the pre-parliamentary stages are effective at ensuring only useful, needed bills come before the Houses. B Explain what the purpose is of the consultation stages in preparing a Bill. C Describe the point of the First Reading D Identify the three types of Bill E Say what is meant by the term ‘Parliament’