LegislationHow do we get laws passed around here? Miss Hart 2011-2
Starter: What are the words? TGreen paper Bill Statute Act White paper
Introduction:The Composition of Parliament How well were you listening last lesson? How much do you already know?
Where do we get ideas from?Idea from… Means… Example… Problem?Manifesto Salisbury ConventionEuropeanUnionPublicCampaigns orPressureGroupsChanges insocietyQueen’sSpeech
Types of Bill?Can you remember the types and give the examples?
... and now can you apply it?James Little MP, and Minister for the Environment wants to introduce a lawaimed at banning all plastic bags from shops.Queensbury School is sponsoring a Bill which will allow it to become auniversity.Sarah Rowe MP wants to introduce a law which requires that all people overthe age of 70 move into an old people’s home, allowing others to buy theirhouses.
How a Bill becomes an Act... Put the cards in the right order!6 4 5 7Student Task: Using the cards, your independent study notes, brains and books... 1 Complete the table outlining the process of making an Act 2 3
Stages of Legislation: Parliamentary Processes Public BillFirst Reading Second Reading Report Stage Committee Ping Pong Other Place Third Reading Royal Assent but
What happens when?1. Second 2. Royal Assent 3. Other Place 4. Report Stage Reading Put these in the right order.... Without using your handout!5. Public Bill 6. First Reading 7. Ping Pong 8. Third ReadingCommittee
AO2 Issues with this Process... House of Lords refuse to pass Speedy passing of bill Parliament Acts 1911 & 1949 Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 Example Why did the Do you agree? “any dog of the type known as pitbull” House of Lords Why/ why Refuse? not? HuntingAct 2004War Crimes Act 1991
Evaluation: cii. With reference to the Does the current source, discuss the disadvantages of the current legislative process legislative system  work?Home Secretary Charles Clarke is facing opposition to his latest anti-terror laws on many fronts - not least the fact he is attempting to Intro:rush them through parliament in a matter of days.Conservative spokesman David Davis has expressed dismay at thespeed with which Mr Clarke is planning to force through the Point:controversial Bill, declaring: "Parliament needs more time to debatethese issues. Our civil liberties and system of justice are worth morethan two days of hurried decisions."It is a view shared by the Liberal Democrats and many on the Labour Point:backbenches, particularly those with long memories who recall otherhurried laws that proved deeply flawed.One of the most notorious rushed laws was introduced by the Tory Point:government in 1991 after a spate of headline-grabbing attacks bythe then latest fashion accessory - Pit Bull terriers.Pictures of children who had been mauled or worse, by the petswere more than any government could stand and they rushed Point:through laws to, in effect, ban a list of dogs deemed dangerous.Howls of protest followed as owners claimed their harmless petswere being threatened, while breeders and dog lovers found waysaround the laws. Conclusion:And, needless to say, fashions changed and new, equally machobreeds which didnt fall under the laws appeared on what seemed tobe an almost daily basis.From BBC.co.uk
A Explain one way the House of Lords can curb A the powers of the House of CommonsB Explain one problem with speedy law making, B and illustrate with an exampleC Describe what is meant by the ‘ping pong stage’ CD Explain what happens at second reading DE Identify the three types of bill. E
Starter: True or False? Parliament consists of two parts The House of Commons can always pass any law it wants A private bill allows any minister to put forward an idea for a law A white paper comes before a green paper Bills only start in the House of CommonsA government bill is sponsored by the minister responsible for that area. The Abortion Act 1967 is an example of a private member’s bill.
Finally...Legal Theories (1) Separation of Powers To have a democracy, government should be split into three separate branches, each able to check and balance the powers of the others. Executive Legislative Judical
Legal Theories (2) Supremacy & SovereigntyNo Parliament can be bound by a previous Parliament, or bind a future oneNo other body has the power to overrule Parliament or set aside an act ofParliament.Parliament can legislate on any subject matter Dicey 18 th Century Limitations? European Communities Devolution Act 1972 s.2 Human Rights Act 1998 1998 “declaration of incompatibility” Factortame
Extension Activity Dominoes You are going to create your own set ofdominoes covering the key terms of this topic so far. Stage One: What are the key terms? Stage Two: Create the cards! Hint: remember the start and intro cards!
Did you understand? Across 3. Type of Bill put forward by an individual MP (7,7) 5. Type of Bill which is put forward by the government (6) 7. Independent members of the House of Lords (12) 8. .......... reading. When the Bill is presented to Parliament (5) 11. A formal, drafted proposal for a law (4) 13. ....... paper. Part of the consultation, it sets out ideas on changing the law (5) 14. If you belong to a party, you are said to take the party....(4) Down 1. Another word for an Act of Parliament (7) 2. The name for a vote in one of Parliaments chambers (8) 3. Act limiting the Powers of the House of Lords to challenge and delay (10,3) legislation 4. One of the elements of Parliament(7) 5. The type of committee who will scrutinise the Bill. (6,4) 6. Type of Bills which the House of Lords can not delay (5) 9. The policeman of the Commons (7) 10. What happens to the Bill if the second chamber makes changes. (4-4) 12. General name for those who sit in the House of Lords (5)
Homework Tasks: Complete the worksheet Revise for a DRAG and end of unit test on BAIL and PRE-TRIAL inyour first lesson back.