Leg 2013 14


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Leg 2013 14

  1. 1. Legislation Miss Hart 2013-14
  2. 2. How much do you already know? 20 questions… 10 minutes! 1. Who is the speaker and what does he do? 2. How many MPs are there in the House of Commons? 3. What is the difference between Parliament and the government? 4. How often do we have general elections? 5. What would happen if the government lost support for its policies? 6. How do we decide who is the Prime Minister? 7. What are ministers? 8. What is a proposed new law called? 9. How many members are there in the House of Lords? 10.What are the members of the House of Lords referred to as? 11.Name the three different types of people in the House of Lords 12.What does the Queen do in Parliament? 13.What is the current coalition government majority in the House of Commons? 14.Name one bill currently before Parliament 15.What are cross benchers? 16-20. For your last five marks, name the people below and their jobs
  3. 3. Firstly a bit of theory… Legal Theories How do you create a democracy? Separation of Powers To have a democracy, government should be split into three separate branches, each able to check and balance the powers of the others. Executive Legislative Judical Challenge: Can you identify one problem with our implementation of ‘separation of powers’?
  4. 4. Legal Theories (2) Supremacy & Sovereignty Parliamentary sovereignty This means that Parliament can pass what ever laws it likes. European Communities Act 1972 s.2 Factortame Equally, it also means that it can’t limit the power of future Parliaments to make laws, or be bound by a past one. Parliament is the Supreme Law Making Authority Human Rights Act 1998 “declaration of incompatibility” The argument is that as we elect them, and they reflect our will, wishes and desires, they are the ultimate law making power. No other body should have the power to overrule them, or set aside one of their acts. Devolution 1998
  5. 5. Pre-legislative stages… Where do we get laws from? Task: Five of them are hidden in the word search (although each may be made up of more than one word!) Can you find them and explain what they mean? Here’s some visual clues to help!
  6. 6. Pre-legislative stages… Consultation (1) Imagine you were an MP and you were given the chance to suggest laws which we may want to bring in. Got your ideas back? Now your green papers are going to go outthen Look over them, consider the feedback and for decide which consultation.go ahead with. one you will On your green post-its, Put your ideas for a law. Stick them on your table’s A3 sheet. This means that the other groups are going to be Discard the others… able to comment on your suggestions roleideas. What does this tell you about the and of Each person must come up with at least 2 ideas. consultation?
  7. 7. Pre-legislative stages… Consultation (2) Now take one of your ideas as a group, and give it a little more detail. Who would it apply to? What would it cover? Why would we need it? What sanctions would you impose if someone broke it?  What terms do you need to think about and define?  How would you enforce it?     Use the A4 White sheet to note down your response Those employed to instruct students for 10 hours or more a week, receive coffee without 20% tax at coffee shops Now your white papers are going to go out for Got consultation. your ideas back? Look over them, consider the feedback and then Thisdecide what selected put in the final law. . be means only you will people are going to able to respond to your Bill (pick one other group to look at it)
  8. 8. Starter: What are the words? T Green paper Bill Act Statute White paper
  9. 9. Now you have the feedback back, all that is left is to... Write the Bill! Long Title: Short title: What is the name of the bill? What is the Bill going to cover? You need to make sure that this covers everything which is included in the Bill ... If its not in the long title, it can’t be in the Bill! Clauses and sub-clauses: Who it applies to, and why, Punishments and enforcement monitoring conditions any paperwork Include at least four clauses. Definitions: Any words which might be unclear or vague need to be defined as clearly as possible e.g. Child, house, payment etc ‘large shop’.
  10. 10. Starter: True or False? Parliament consists of two parts White paper comes before a green paper Cross benchers sit in the House of Commons Parliament is sovereign and supreme Our way of making laws is not completely democratic
  11. 11. Prelegislative stages: Part 2 What is a Bill? What types of Bill are there? Public Private Members Private Hybrid
  12. 12. Demonstrating your understanding: Can you complete the table? Type of Bill Public Private Members Private Hybrid Means… Examples
  13. 13. ... and now can you apply it? James Little MP, and Minister for the Environment wants to introduce a law aimed at banning all plastic bags from shops. Queensbury School is sponsoring a Bill which will allow it to become a university. Sarah Rowe MP wants to introduce a law which requires that all people over the age of 70 move into an old people’s home, allowing others to buy their houses.
  14. 14. How does a Bill become an Act? You are going to watch a short video from the lovely people at Parliament on how a bill becomes an Act. Write down three things you have learnt about the process of legislation. Need some more info... Use the ParliQuiz app designed for KS5 students!
  15. 15. Got the basics? Can you put these in order?
  16. 16. Can you add the detail? In your handouts, you have the outline of the process. Using your notes, the brief descriptions, understanding, textbooks and/or magazines, complete the grid. you E All ofeachshould be able to clearly define stage. C A Most of you will be able to add some detail to your explanation. e.g. the purpose of each stage, what happens then, explaining key terms, answering the margin questions etc. Some of you will be able to comment on the problems of speeding up the legislative process. Task: Listen up! You may not make notes during this session.
  17. 17. Did you understand? Answer the questions, and construct the crossword 1 2 3 Across 3. Type of Bill put forward by an individual MP (7,7) 5. Type of Bill which is put forward by the government (6) 7. Independent members of the House of Lords (12) 8. .......... reading. When the Bill is presented to Parliament (5) 11. A formal, drafted proposal for a law (4) 13. ....... paper. Part of the consultation, it sets out ideas on changing the law (5) 14. If you belong to a party, you are said to take the party....(4) 4 5 6 7 9 8 10 11 12 13 14 Down 1. Another word for an Act of Parliament (7) 2. The name for a vote in one of Parliament's chambers (8) 3. Act limiting the Powers of the House of Lords to challenge and delay (10,3) legislation 4. One of the elements of Parliament(7) 5. The type of committee who will scrutinise the Bill. (6,4) 6. Type of Bills which the House of Lords can not delay (5) 9. The 'policeman' of the Commons (7) 10. What happens to the Bill if the second chamber makes changes. (4-4) 12. General name for those who sit in the House of Lords (5)
  18. 18. How will I know my notes are good enough? Task: You are going to write a timed response to the following question: With reference to the source, describe the process by which a Bill becomes an Act. [15] A few hints before we start:  Read the source.  Highlight what you can use to help you answer the question.  Use two colours in your plan – one for the information from the source, and one for your knowledge; the extra detail you will add to show your learning.  Aim for five areas you can add detail to!
  19. 19. An Act of Parliament creates a new law or changes an existing law. An Act is a Bill approved by both the House of Commons and the House of Lords and formally agreed to by the reigning monarch (known as Royal Assent). Once implemented, an Act is law and applies to the UK as a whole or to specific areas of the country. 5 Putting the Act into force An Act may come into force immediately, on a specific starting date, or in stages. bbc.co.uk (a) Using Source A and your own knowledge, describe the process by which a Bill becomes an Act Intro: Main: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Plenary : [15]
  20. 20. So, if that’s how a Bill becomes an Act... Is it always perfect? No! You don’t always need all three elements to pass an Act It might be slow... But going too fast can be a problem too! Parliament Acts 1911 & 1949 Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 What do you think is meant by a ‘money bill’? Delay it for one year only... Rarely used “any dog of the type known as pit bull terrier”
  21. 21. Plenary Demonstrate what you have learnt! A Discuss whether the current legislative process is fit for purpose. B Explain one problem with the current two house system. C Describe what is meant by the ‘ping pong stage’ D Give details of what happens at second reading E Identify the three types of bill.