Past tense

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  • 1. Simple Past Tense-Form-Meaning and Use-Pronunciation
  • 2. How do we form the simple past tense?English has two types ofverbs in the past:-regular-irregular
  • 3. Let’s read the following list of past tenseverbs….. Which are regular and whichare irregular?walked regularstudied regulartaught irregulargave irregularbecame irregularcried regularlived regulardid irregular
  • 4. Regular verbs are verbs that end with -edSimple form verbs:walkstudycrylivePast tense verbs:walkedstudiedcriedlived
  • 5. Rules for adding –ed: Add –ed to most verbs Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with“e” (smile= smiled). Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs thatend with a consonant and “y” (carry=carried, study= studied). Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs thatend with one vowel and one consonant ( drag=dragged, stop= stopped).
  • 6. Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in–ed……..Sometimes with irregularpast tense verbs youhave to change the vowelto make the verb pasttense:become becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgot
  • 7. Other irregular verbs have a different kindof change…..you need to memorizethese!teachbringleavehearbuytaughtbroughtleftheardbought
  • 8. Why do we use past tense verbs?TO TELL THAT AN ACTION ISCOMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!
  • 9. PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULARVERBS……The –ed ending in English has threedifferent sounds:t: walked, talked, jumpedd: played, loved, answeredid: invited, waiteddecided....*With –id sounding words,there is another syllable!