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Midterm Review

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Know this information for a class quiz.

Know this information for a class quiz.

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  • 1. MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE What you need to know JOUR3005
  • 2. 3 Ways Journalists Use The Internet
    • Story ideas/research
    • Conversations/networking
    • Publishing/distribution
  • 3. Translate These Acronyms
    • [And know what they mean]
    • HTML – h yper t ext m arkup l anguage
    • HTTP – h yper t ext t ransfer p rotocol
    • IP ADDRESS – i nternet p rotocol
  • 4. Translate These Acronyms
    • [And know what they mean]
    • URL – u niform r esource l ocator
    • RSS – r eal s imple s yndication
    • SEO – s earch e ngine o ptimization
  • 5. What Is The HTML Code For…
    • Adding a hyperlink:
    • <a href=“ http://www.website.com ” > LINK TEXT </a>
    • Adding an image:
    • <img src=“ image.jpg ” />
    • Bold text:
    • <b> text </b> or <strong> text </strong>
  • 6. Why Do People Visit A Website?
    • Information
    • Entertainment
    • Communication
    • Commerce
  • 7.
    • When viewing content online, most people do not read left to right, top to bottom, word for word. They scan.
    • Place images near or at the top of a web page to get the users’ attention.
  • 8. THE WEB IS A VISUAL MEDIUM
  • 9. BEST PRACTICES WHEN WRITING FOR THE WEB
    • Get to the point
    • Divide information into chunks
    • One idea per paragraph
    • Provide subheads as guideposts
  • 10. BEST PRACTICES WHEN WRITING FOR THE WEB
    • Format text to indicate prominence of information
    • Bulleted lists
    • Plenty of white space
    • No block of text should take up more than five-six lines on the screen
  • 11. ONLINE HEADLINES
    • Should be obvious
    • Should be filled with keywords
    • Should be search engine optimized [SEO]
    • Must provide enough “information scent” to let users predict what they get if they click.
  • 12. VISUAL FUNCTIONALITY OF A WEB PAGE
    • is influenced by:
    • text
    • page layout
    • images
    • color
  • 13. INVERTED PYRAMID WRITING STYLE IS…
    • When you place of the most important information first within a text
    • When you put the most newsworthy information at the top
    • When you start with the conclusion
    • Why does this style work well online?
  • 14. MOST IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF ANY digital MEDIA PROJECT?
    • The Content.
    • [for information, entertainment, communication or commerce]
  • 15. ATTRIBUTES OF A SUCCESSFUL WEBSITE
    • Useful content
    • Loads fast
    • Reliable search function
    • Attractive design
    • Intuitive navigation
    • Unobtrusive advertising
  • 16. 5 ATTRIBUTES THAT MAKE UP A GOOD PHOTOGRAPH
    • Light
    • Color
    • Composition
    • Distance from subject
    • Moment
  • 17. PHOTO COMPOSITION
    • Is governed by the “Rule of Thirds”
    • Visual balance involves
      • Foreground, middle, background
      • Symmetrical or asymmetrical
      • Linear perspective
      • Aerial perspective
  • 18. ONLINE IMAGE FILE TYPES
    • When saving your image to upload to the web, you should use one of these file types.
    • .jpg - most common
    • .png
    • .gif - good for images/graphics with fewer colors, less detail
  • 19. HOW DO YOU ADD VALUE TO A DIGITAL STORY?
  • 20. WHY INCLUDE HYPERLINKS?
    • Links to source material and additional information helps makes you a trusted information guide.
    • Transparency = credibility
  • 21. LEVERAGE ONLINE SOURCES TO FIND:
    • Story ideas
    • Sources
    • Diverse opinions and perspectives
    • Facts from credible websites, sources
  • 22. EVALUATING ONLINE SOURCES
    • A top ranking in Google does not mean the information is more relevant or more trustworthy.
  • 23. HOW DO YOU TRUNCATE A URL?
    • Delete everything after first slash
    • www.poyi.org /68/17/second_01.php
    • www.courant.com /features/live-smart/hc-pictures-energy-saving,0,3012897.photogallery
    • www.nytimes.com /slideshow/2011/09/21/dining/20110921-CHEW.html
  • 24. WHAT IS FAIR USE?
    • Allows for limited use of others ’ copyrighted material for purposes condoned by law .
    • Allows journalists to post some copyrighted content online without obtaining the owner ’s permission if we use the owner’s copyrighted works in ways that are fundamentally equitable .
  • 25. COMMON EXAMPLES OF FAIR USE
    • Legitimate criticism
    • Commentary
    • News reporting
    • Research
    • Scholarship
  • 26. FAIR USE TEST: FOUR FACTORS
    • The purpose and character of the use of the copyrighted work.
    • The nature of the copyrighted work.
    • The amount and significance of the portion used in relation to the entire copyrighted work
    • The impact of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work