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THE EUROPEAN UNION
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THE EUROPEAN UNION

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  • 1. Martín Losada OubiñaDaniel Baúlo PazDiego Cores Fontenla
  • 2.  The European Union was created with theintention of ending the conflicts of World WarII, and to facilitate trade between thesecountries In the 50s, European Coal and SteelCommunity take the first step on economicand politic union of European countries, toaims peace. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourgand the Netherlands, start with these union.
  • 3.  The European an Union is a politic andeconomic association of 27 Europeancountries. It brought peace, stability and prosperity.contributes to higher living standards andcreated a European single currency. Its activities are based on the treaties agreedbetween the member countries.
  • 4. The European flagconsists of 12 goldstars arranged in acircle on a bluebackground.The stars symbolizethe unity, solidarityand harmony. And hisposition circularsymbolizes unity.
  • 5.  The melody used to symbolize the EU comesfrom the Ninth Symphony composed in 1823by Ludwig Van Beethoven. It symbolizes the European Union and Europein general.
  • 6. SPAINFRANCEUKBELGIUMNETHERLANDSLUXEMBOURGGERMANYDENMARKCYPRUSMALTASLOVENIAPOLANDROMANIABULGARIAGREECEESTONIALATVIALITHUANIASLOVAKIACZECH REPUBLICEuropean Union’s map with actual membersPass themap
  • 7. Year of EU entry: 1986Political system: ConstitutionalmonarchyCapital city: MadridTotal area: 504 782 km²Population: 45.8 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the official EUlanguage:SpanishMAP
  • 8. Year of EU entry: 1986Political system: RepublicCapital city: LisbonTotal area: 92 072km²Population: 10.6 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the official EUlanguage:PortugueseMAP
  • 9. Year of EU entry: 1957Political system: RepublicCapital city: ParisTotal area: 550 000km²Population: 64.3 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the official EUlanguage:FrenchMAP
  • 10. Year of EU entry: 1957Political system: ConstituthionalmonarchCapital city: LuxembourgTotal area: 2 586 km²Population: 0.5 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:French and GermanMAP
  • 11. Year of EU entry: 1957Political system: RepublicCapital city: RomeTotal area: 301 263 km²Population: 60 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:ItalianMAP
  • 12. Year of EU entry: 1957Political system: Federal RepublicCapital city: BerlínTotal area: 356 854 km²Population: 82 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:GermanMAP
  • 13. Year of EU entry: 1957Political system: ConstitutionalmonarchyCapital city: BruselssTotal area: 30 528km²Population: 10.7millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:German,french,dutchMAP
  • 14. Year of EU entry: 1957Political system: ConstitutionalmonarchyCapital city: AmsterdamTotal area: 41 526 km²Population: 16.4 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:DutchMAP
  • 15. Year of EU entry: 1973Political system: ConstitutionalmonarchyCapital city: LondonTotal area: 244 820 km²Population: 61.7 millionsCurrency: Pound sterlingListen to the officialEU language:EnglishMAP
  • 16. Year of EU entry: 1973Political system: RepublicCapital city: DublinTotal area: 70 000km²Population: 4.5 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:English, IrishMAP
  • 17. Year of EU entry: 1973Political system: ConstitutionalmonarchyCapital city: CopenhagenTotal area: 43 94km²Population: 5.5 millionsCurrency: Danish KroneListen to the officialEU language:DanishMAP
  • 18. Year of EU entry: 1981Political system: RepublicCapital city: AthensTotal area: 131 957 km²Population: 11.2 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:GreekMAP
  • 19. Year of EU entry: 1995Political system: RepublicCapital city: HelsinkiTotal area: 338 000km²Population: 5.3 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:Finnish, swedishMAP
  • 20. Year of EU entry: 1995Political system: Federal RepublicCapital city: ViennaTotal area: 83 870 km²Population: 8.3 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:GermanMAP
  • 21. Year of EU entry: 1995Political system: ConstitutionalmonarchyCapital city: StockholmTotal area: 449 964km²Population: 9.2 millionsCurrency: KronaListen to the officialEU language:SwedishMAP
  • 22. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: TallinnTotal area: 45 000km²Population: 1.3 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:EstonianMAP
  • 23. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: VilniusTotal area: 65 000km²Population: 3.3 millionsCurrency: LitasListen to the officialEU language:LithuanianMAP
  • 24. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: RigaTotal area: 65 000 km²Population: 2.3 millionsCurrency: LatsListen to the officialEU language:LatvianMAP
  • 25. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: NicosiaTotal area: 9 250 km²Population: 0.8 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:GreekMAP
  • 26. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: VallettaTotal area: 316 km²Population: 0.4 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:Maltese, englishMAP
  • 27. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: WarsawTotal area: 312 679km²Population: 38.1millionsCurrency: ZlotyListen to the officialEU language:PolishMAP
  • 28. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: BratislavaTotal area: 48 845km²Population: 5.4 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:SlovakMAP
  • 29. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: LjubljanaTotal area: 20 273km²Population: 2 millionsCurrency: EuroListen to the officialEU language:SlovenianMAP
  • 30. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: PragueTotal area: 78 866 km²Population: 10.5 millionsCurrency: Czech korunaListen to the officialEU language:CzechMAP
  • 31. Year of EU entry: 2004Political system: RepublicCapital city: BudapestTotal area: 93 000km²Population: 10 millionCurrency: ForintListen to the officialEU language:HungarianMAP
  • 32. Year of EU entry: 2007Political system: RepublicCapital city: BucharetsTotal area: 237 500km²Population: 21.5 millionCurrency: Romanian leuListen to the officialEU language:RomanianMAP
  • 33. Year of EU entry: 2007Political system: RepublicCapital city: SofiaTotal area: 111 910 km²Population: 7.6 MillionCurrency: LevoListen to the officialEU language:BulgarianMAP
  • 34.  Purpose: to set up the European EconomicCommunity (EEC) and the European AtomicEnergy Community (Euratom). Main changes: extension of Europeanintegration to include general economiccooperation.
  • 35.  Purpose: to reform the institutions inpreparation for Portugal and Spainsmembership and speed up decision-makingin preparation for the single market. Main changes: extension of qualified majorityvoting in the Council (making it harder for asingle country to veto proposed legislation),creation of the cooperation and assentprocedures, giving Parliament more influence.
  • 36.  Purpose: to prepare for European MonetaryUnion and introduce elements of a politicalunion (citizenship, common foreign andinternal affairs policy). Main changes: establishment of the EuropeanUnion and introduction of the co-decisionprocedure, giving Parliament more say indecision-making. New forms of cooperationbetween EU governments – for example ondefence and justice and home affairs.
  • 37.  Purpose: To reform the EU institutions inpreparation for the arrival of future membercountries.Main changes: amendment, renumbering andconsolidation of EU and EEC treaties. Moretransparent decision-making
  • 38.  Purpose: to reform the institutions so that theEU could function efficiently after reaching 25member countries. Main changes: methods for changing thecomposition of the Commission andredefining the voting system in the Council.
  • 39.  Purpose: to make the EU more democratic,efficient and better able to address globalproblems, such as climate change, with onevoice. Main changes: more power for the EuropeanParliament, change of voting procedures inthe Council, citizens initiative, a permanentpresident of the European Council, a newHigh Representative for Foreign Affairs, a newEU diplomatic service.
  • 40.  The European union is run by people who aredemocratically elected. European institutions:◦ European Council.◦ Council of the European Union or Council ofMinisters◦ European Comision◦ European Parliament◦ Court of Justice◦ European Central Bank◦ Court of Auditors
  • 41.  It is the common currency of 17 of the 27member countries. The common currency is good for travel andbuy things to stranger. It is managed by the European Central Bank.
  • 42.  The EU is working to improve his cross-border infrastructure. In 2001 it was estimated that by 2010 thenetwork would cover: 75,200 kilometers(46,700 mi) of roads; 78,000 kilometers(48,000 mi) of railways; 330 airports; 270maritime harbors; and 210 internal harbors.
  • 43. EU energy production46% of total EU primary energy useNuclear energy[r] 29.3%Coal & lignite 21.9%Gas 19.4%Renewable energy 14.6%Oil 13.4%Other 1.4%Net imports of energy54% of total primary EU energy useOil & petroleum products 60.2%Gas 26.4%Other 13.4%
  • 44.  Trade creation. Reduction of direct costs Greater employment opportunities. Increased competition Suppression of uncertainty Less problems in the balance of payments Development of new large-scale activities Increases the bargaining power against thirdparties Improved national economic policy
  • 45.  Excessive regional concentration Development of the power of monopolies andoligopolies Trade diversion Loss sovereignty Increased competition on the labor market
  • 46.  http://europa.eu/index_en.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_European_Union http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/averroes/iesgaviota/economia/VentajasUE.html http://www.youtube.com

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