Assignment #14 : photography research and practice By Debbie marques
Lighting –reflectingDescription A found example My example Before / after• When light is BEFORE reflected/ bounced of another surface• The more light bounces, less AFTER harsh it is. • Photo with • White reflector reflector looks is being used in much clearer this picture • Hides all the shadows • Made the • Girl’s skin looks lighting much whiter better and the • Looks more faces clearer professional
Shutter speed – motion blurDescription A found example My example Before / afterSomething blurs Beforebecause it is inmotion (too fast forthe shutter)• Motion blur type 1 : background is • Umbrella is blurry moving therefore After• Motion blur type blurred. 2 :Object is blurry • Slow shutter • Car moving camera shows motion • Motion of blur umbrella too fast for shutter • Background still remains clear
Transferring photos to computerDescription A found example My exampleWays to transferpictures from cameraonto computer • Using a USB cable • Copy and pasted pictures from camera onto • Pictures can be computer transferred to computer using • Green graph Bluetooth. showing how long and how many • USB can also be pictures are being used in order to transferred at a transfer the pictures time.
Composition- framingDescription A found example My example Before / afterHow object are BEFOREplaced on thepicture, making itlook good,comfortable to see • Cat’s head in the middle of the • Following rue of picture thirds AFTER • Framing is • Person placed accurate to rule right in the of thirds middle column • Our focus is on • Whole body is the cat’s face. shown
LIGHTING – FILL (HOW TO FILL) • Fill lighting is often softer than key lighting • It reduces the contrast of a scene• And it provides some brightness for the areas of the image that are in shadow
EXAMPLE I FOUND There is a A slight light from shadow on this direction the slight of the face This direction is the fill lighting And this directionhttp://www.google.co.uk/imgres?q=fill+lighting&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=843&tbm=isch&tbnid=esxkSQpnZ_ByEM:&imgrefurl=http://vimeo.com/34756646&docid=DV4UQg7-tjSg1M&imgurl=http://b.vimeocdn.com/ts/236/980/236980780_640.jpg&w=640&h=427&ei=0pzJUKqONuuQ0QXQnIDwCg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=460&sig=114058808701192730526&page=1&tbnh=145&tbnw=229&start=0&ndsp=40&ved=1t:429,r:31,s:0,i:181&tx=201&ty=104
MY EXAMPLE The lights at the top can be used as fill I made her lighting stand in a really bright environment where there is a lot of lighting so it can fill in theI made her stand shadowsunder a light tomake her lookbrighter
SHUTTER SPEED- FAST & SLOW • Shutter speed is how fast or slow you take a photo • If you want to catch a moving object still you will use fast shutter speed• If you want to catch a moving object with the motion you use slow shutter speed
SLOW SHUTTER SPEEDI used an app onthe iPad called“slow shutterspeed”I told her to moveher hands so I cancatch themmoving.
FAST SHUTTER SPEED It catches each moment and shows every detail. It catches a photo in its moment. http://www.digital-photography-tips.net/shutter- speed-creative.html
SLOW SHUTTER SPEED Slow shutter speed shows everything that is moving a big blur. So the cars here are shown just as red lines.
TRANSFERRING PHOTOS TO COMPUTER • To transfer photos to a computer the steps are: 1. Find a cable 2. Plug it from the source to the computer 3. You go to my computer 4. Select your device 5. Select the photos that you want6. Copy and paste the photos you want into a file on your computer 7. Safely unplug the source
COMPOSITION- CHANGING ANGLE/PERSPECTIVE• Composition is when you change the angle of the camera to create a more interesting photo • Changing the angle of your camera creates a whole new composition
EXAMPLE I FOUND Creates the illusion that something is actually bigger than it really is The photographer took this photo from a low angle
MY EXAMPLE She looks taller than she already isThe picturelooks moreinteresting when I crouchedthe camera is down on theplaced on a low floor and heldangle my iPad upwards to take this picture
Lighting – over exposureExplanation Example image My image Before and after.• This is when the picture has an excess amount of light.• when there is this type o lighting you cant see details• certain areas can go excessively white.• With this you cant see face shapes usually.
Lighting – underexposureExplanation Example image My image Before and after.• Under exposure is when an image is too dark that you cant see details• sometimes, there can be light on one side but not on the other• This can be used purposely as well so it can create mystery , just like in film noir movies.
Lighting – good exposureExplanation Example image My image Before and after.• This type of lighting allows the view to see al the details of an image.• It looks comfortable to look at.• This type of lighting usually doesn’t have a lot of shades on it.
Deep focusExplanation Example image My image Before and after.• Deep focus is when the whole image is in focus.• The front, the middle and the back is sharp and clear.
Composition- leading lines.Explanation Example image My image Before and after.Leading lines are lineswithin an image thatleads the eye toanother point in theimage, or out of theimage.Anything with acertain line can be aleading line.
Lighting – Key – high/low• Key Lighting: The key light is the first and usually most important light that a photographer, lighting cameraman, or other scene composer will use in a lighting setup. The purpose of the key light is to highlight the form and dimension of the subject.
High key lightinghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUvkWkxFb2M
Shutter speedShutter speed: In photography, shutter speed or exposure timeis the effective length of time a cameras shutter is open. Thetotal exposure is proportional to this exposure time, or durationof light reaching the film or image sensor.
Shallow FocusShallow Focus: Shallow focus is a photographic andcinematographic technique incorporating a small depth of field.In shallow focus one plane of the image is in focus while the restis out of focus.
Shallow FocusExplanation Online photo My photoShallow Focus: Shallowfocus is a photographic andcinematographic techniqueincorporating a small depthof field. In shallow focusone plane of the image isin focus while the rest isout of focus.
Rule of thirdExplanation Online photo My photoThe rule of thirds is a "ruleof thumb" or guidelinewhich applies to theprocess of composing visualimages such as paintings,photographs and designs.The guideline proposes thatan image should beimagined as divided intonine equal parts by twoequally-spaced horizontallines and two equally-spaced vertical lines, andthat importantcompositional elementsshould be placed alongthese lines or theirintersections.
Brushes – lightenDescription/ Annotated screen grabs More annotated Annotated examplepurpose of tool screen grabs (before and after)Adds light to BEFOREpicture, picturegoes clearer • Press the • Go onto the brushes preferred brush in AFTER icon order to start editing • Choose the brush that says lighten (as signalled)
Brushes- darkenDescription/ Annotated screen grabs More annotated Annotated examplepurpose of tool screen grabs (before and after)• Use this tool BEFORE for picture to look darker• May need it when picture is overexposed to light. • Go onto the brushes • Press the AFTER icon preferred brush in order to start • Choose the brush that editing says darken (as signalled)
Brushes- sharpenDescription/ Annotated screen grabs More annotated Annotated examplepurpose of tool screen grabs (before and after)• Make colours BEFORE on picture more clear and sharp• Outline of object is sharper than • Press the AFTER original • Go onto the brushes preferred brush in icon order to start editing • Choose the brush that says sharpen (as signalled)
Brushes – softenDescription/ Annotated screen grabs More annotated Annotated examplepurpose of tool screen grabs (before and after)• Make object BEFORE blurred• Hide any extra marks • Go onto the brushes • Press the icon preferred brush in AFTER order to start • Choose the brush editing that says soften (as signalled)
SharingDescription/ Annotated screen grabs More annotated Annotated examplepurpose of tool screen grabs (before and after)Sharing picture/saving ontocamera role,Facebook • Go onto the sharing • Edited picture can • Here the icon (as signalled) be shared to picture is Facebook, email, being shared • Choose way that suits flikr, twitter or using email you best to share saved to camera edited picture role
Opening& undo photo removing effect/revertFirst you choose the picture, Start editing the picture.when you open the app it alreadytakes you to the pictures.
Changing exposureIn here you can change the brightness,make something darker or lighter.
Auto enhanceClick on this button, and it will automatically enhance thepicture.
CROP - iPhotoOriginal iPhoto Edited version Crop
Rotate - iPhotoOriginal iPhoto Edited version Rotate
Change ColourOriginal iPhoto Edited version Change colour