Learn to manage your waste- waste disposal methods and Accidents


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This presentation puts forward the alarming concern of improper waste disposal that is hazardous towards environement. It has statistical illustrations and suggests methods to proper waste management
The second part talks about accidents in rural and urban areas/

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Learn to manage your waste- waste disposal methods and Accidents

  1. 1. Types of Wastes 0 According to the Municipal solid waste management (Management and Handling) rule, 2000, solid waste include commercial and household wastes either in semi solid or solid form. Examples: 0 Bio-medical wastes, 0 Construction and demolition of debris, 0 Sanitation residue, and wastes from streets generated from residential 0 Commercial complexes, hotels and restaurants, horticulture and sludge
  2. 2. Chemical Composition of municipal solid wastes 0 The rising urbanization and the related changes that it has brought about in the life style of people, the amount and nature of wastes are constantly changing. Broadly the wastes may be classified into 2 types, biodegradable mainly from food and garden and non- biodegradable wastes from both residential and commercial establishments.
  3. 3. Waste Management 0 Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. All wastes materials, whether they are solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive fall within the remit of waste management
  4. 4. Methods of Waste Disposal 0Landfill 0Incineration 0Conversion too plant nutrition(bio- degradable waste) 0Recycling(bio-degradable waste)
  5. 5. Different Kinds of Waste 9% 1% 8% 48% 4% 1% 25% 4% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Wastes
  6. 6. Disposal of Waste Generation Segregation Storage and Collection Transportation Disposal Degradation/ Decay
  7. 7. Landfill 0 A landfill site (also known as tip, dump or rubbish dump and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment. Historically, landfills have been the most common methods of organized waste disposal and remain so in many places around the world.
  8. 8. Composting 0 Composting is a method for treating solid waste in which organic material is broken down by microorganisms in the presence of oxygen to a point where it can be safely stored, handled and applied to the environment. Composting is an essential part of reducing household wastes. It can be done inexpensively by every household and produces a product -- finished compost or humus -- that can benefit the environment as a natural fertilizer for gardening and farming.
  9. 9. Waste Management and Disposal Steps 0 Generation of waste and storage 0 Segregation into biodegradable and non- biodegradable wastes 0 Recycling initiatives carried out by residents 0 Waste collection from various points and transfer to a to to to a community bin 0 Management of wastes from the community bins and transport to waste disposal site 0 Disposal of waste in landfills.
  10. 10. Integrated Solid Waste Management 0 This is based on the 0 Generation 0 Sustainability of Waste 0 A specific amount of solid wastes is made to go through various processes.
  11. 11. Introduction 0 According to World Health Organisation, the no. of deaths caused by accidents was estimated to be 3.5 million annually. This figure corresponds to an avg. of 10000 deaths per day. Intl. and unintl. Accidents are the cause of 15% of years of life lost globally which is greater than any other cause of death.
  12. 12. Introduction 0 Each year, tens of thousands of accidents occur worldwide. Accidents can take place in a wide variety of environments and every sphere of human life: at home, while travelling, at play and at work. However, the home is the most likely location. Home accidents are a major cause of death and injury. They produce major costs in terms of loss of life, pain and suffering as well as loss of production and wages for the employed and the injured.
  13. 13. Main causes for accidents 0 According to researches, one of the primary reasons of accidents are happening is due to the negligence or recklessness of behaviour. Statistics also show that accidents could easily be prevented if the person involved in such an accident exercised the proper care and diligence that was required under the circumstances.
  14. 14. Common day-to day Accidents 0 Road Accidents 0 Burns and fire related injuries 0 Poisons 0 Drowning 0 Falls and domestic injuries 0 Violence 0 Suicides
  15. 15. Accidental Deaths 0 Railway accidents- 7.6% 0 Poisoning- 7.1% 0 Drowning- 7.9% 0 Fire accidents- 6.6% 0 Natural Causes- 7.0% 0 Falls- 3.1% 0 Electrocution- 2.4% 0 Road Accidents- 34.5%
  16. 16. Rural Accidents 0 Drowning 0 Suicide 0 Falls 0 Fire –Related Accidents
  17. 17. Urban Accidents 0 Railway and Road Accidents 0 Suicide 0 Electrocution 0 Poisoning
  18. 18. Preventing Road Accidents 0 An Integrated Road Policy needs to be drafted. 0 Helmets and other protective gear must be worn at all times(cycling/biking) 0 Laws pertaining to helmets, drink drive, speed measures, road and vehicle standards, improving visibility, improving trauma care in case of accidents, mass transport system such as the metro rail, etc. need to be implemented all over the country. 0 People should be vigilant at all times while on the road and be conscious about their safety . 0 Awareness and education on road safety literacy should be promoted.
  19. 19. Related Statistics
  22. 22. Preventing Home- Accidents 0 The vast majority of accidents happen at home. Using common sense while clearing and organizing your home can help to prevent many of these accidents. 0 Keep cleaning products in a secure area away from heat and flame, and out of reach of children. 0 Remove common obstacles such as loose wires and cables from walkways. 0 Put away children’s toys that are not in use to prevent tripping and falling. 0 Monitor any burning candles or incense 0 Turn off and unplug any appliances not in use to prevent fire hazards.