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Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

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TM PLUS under BPAP in the University of Makati associated with TESDA

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Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

  1. 1. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 1 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # Information Sheet Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Model Learning Objectives: After reading this Information Sheet, you should be able to: 1. define HG’s 9 multiple intelligences; 2. identify teaching strategies for each of the nine intelligences; and 3. determine your dominant intelligence by taking the multiple intelligence survey. Howard Gardner first introduced the theory of multiple intelligences in Frames of Mind (1983). He defines intelligence as “an ability or set of abilities that allow a person to solve a problem or fashion a product that is valued in one or more cultures”. He theorized that there are eight intelligences on how people acquire and use knowledge which challenged the main definition of intelligence restricted to mathematical and linguistic abilities. Howard Gardener’s Theory on Multiple Intelligence became immediately recognized as a foundation in analyzing, developing, and creating learning activities, methods, and strategies for both academe and industry. His eight intelligences are: Linguistic Intelligence – is the ability to use language effectively in expressing oneself. It involves comprehending the order, meaning, and use of words both orally and verbally. Learners under this intelligence are referred to as Word Smart. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence – is the ability to analyze logically, reason deductively, investigate scientifically, and think conceptually and abstractly. It involves solving mathematical problems, understanding relationships between cause and effect, and detecting patterns. They are known as Logic Smart. Musical Intelligence – is the ability to perform and compose musical patterns. It involves recognition and appreciation to music, and deals with sounds, tones, beats, and rhythms. They are identified as Music Smart. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence – is the ability to learn by doing and use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. It involves inventing things and role playing. They are called Body Smart. Spatial-Visual Intelligence – is the ability to interpret and create visual images. It involves learning through shapes, images, designs, and patterns. They are branded as Picture Smart.
  2. 2. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 2 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # Interpersonal Intelligence – is the ability to work with and relate to people effectively and effortlessly. It involves understanding the feeling and intention of others. They are labeled as People Smart. Intrapersonal Intelligence – is the ability to understand oneself, appreciate one’s feelings, fears, and motivation. It involves awareness of our selves, emotions, values, and beliefs. They are named Self Smart. Naturalist Intelligence – is the ability to discriminate among living things and the other features of the natural world. It involves exploring the environment and learning about other species. They are recognized as Nature Smart. Existential Intelligence - is the ability to contemplate questions about human existence such as meanings and explanations on why we live, why do we die, why is there evil, how was world created, who are we. It involves using collective values and intuitions to understand others and the world. They are known as Cosmic Smart. Below are some teaching strategies for each of the eight intelligences that can be used in training sessions Intelligence Teaching Strategies Linguistic brainstorming, storytelling, recording, journal writing, debates, extemporaneous speaking Logical-Mathematical Socratic questioning, logical problem-solving exercises, logical-sequential presentation of the topic, classification and categorization Musical songs, raps, chants, music concepts Bodily-Kinesthetic body answers, role playing, hands-on thinking Spatial-Visual mind-maps/visual organizers, videos/movies and PowerPoint presentation, graphic symbols Interpersonal cooperative learning, simulation, board games, dyads Intrapersonal goal-setting sessions, self-esteem activities, self- paced instruction, reflections Naturalist windows onto learning
  3. 3. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 3 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # Self-Check True or False: Read each statement below carefully. Write TRUE on the line if you think the statement is true and write FALSE if you think the statement is false. _____ 1. This intelligence involves inventing things and role playing. _____ 2. This intelligence involves exploring the environment and learning about other species. _____ 3. This intelligence involves the order, meaning, and use of words both orally and verbally. _____ 4. This intelligence involves recognition and appreciation to music, and deals with sounds, tones, beats, and rhythms. _____ 5. This intelligence involves awareness of our selves, emotions, values, and beliefs. _____ 6. This intelligence involves solving mathematical problems, understanding relationships between cause and effect, and detecting patterns. _____ 7. This intelligence involves learning through shapes, images, designs, and patterns. _____ 8. This intelligence involves understanding the feeling and intention of others. _____ 9. This intelligence involves using collective values and intuitions to understand others and the world. Matching Type Match column A with column B. Write the letter of the correct answer on the space provided. _____ 1. Linguistic Intelligence A. windows onto learning _____ 2. Musical Intelligence B. cooperative learning _____ 3. Interpersonal Intelligence C. self-paced instruction _____ 4. Naturalist Intelligence D. problem solving exercises _____ 5. Spatial-Visual Intelligence E. music concepts _____ 6. Intrapersonal Intelligence F. brainstorming _____ 7. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence G. role playing
  4. 4. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 4 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # _____ 8. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence H. graphic symbols
  5. 5. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 5 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # Answer Key True or False: 1. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence 2. Naturalist Intelligence 3. Linguistic Intelligence 4. Musical Intelligence 5. Intrapersonal Intelligence 6. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence 7. Spatial-Visual Intelligence 8. Interpersonal Intelligence 9. Existential Intelligence Matching Type 1. F 2. E 3. B 4. A 5. H 6. C 7. D 8. G
  6. 6. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 6 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # TASK SHEET Title: Determine your Dominant Intelligence by Taking the Multiple Intelligence Survey Performance Objective: Given the Multiple Intelligences survey form, you should be able to determine your dominant intelligence. Supplies/Materials : handout and pen Equipment : Steps/Procedure: 1. Read the instructions carefully from part 1 to part 4. 2. Submit the result to your trainer. Multiple Intelligences Survey © 1999 Walter McKenzie, The One and Only Surfaquarium http://surfaquarium.com/MI/inventory.htm Part I Complete each section by placing a “1” next to each statement you feel accurately describes you. If you do not identify with a statement, leave the space provided blank. Then total the column in each section. Section 1 _____ I enjoy categorizing things by common traits _____ Ecological issues are important to me _____ Hiking and camping are enjoyable activities _____ I enjoy working on a garden _____ I believe preserving our National Parks is important _____ Putting things in hierarchies makes sense to me _____ Animals are important in my life _____ My home has a recycling system in place _____ I enjoy studying biology, botany and/or zoology _____ I spend a great deal of time outdoors _____ TOTAL for Section 1 Section 2 _____ I easily pick up on patterns _____ I focus in on noise and sounds _____ Moving to a beat is easy for me
  7. 7. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 7 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # _____ I’ve always been interested in playing an instrument _____ The cadence of poetry intrigues me _____ I remember things by putting them in a rhyme _____ Concentration is difficult while listening to a radio or television _____ I enjoy many kinds of music _____ Musicals are more interesting than dramatic plays _____ Remembering song lyrics is easy for me _____ TOTAL for Section 2 Section 3 _____ I keep my things neat and orderly _____ Step-by-step directions are a big help _____ Solving problems comes easily to me _____ I get easily frustrated with disorganized people _____ I can complete calculations quickly in my head _____ Puzzles requiring reasoning are fun _____ I can’t begin an assignment until all my questions are answered _____ Structure helps me be successful _____ I find working on a computer spreadsheet or database rewarding _____ Things have to make sense to me or I am dissatisfied _____ TOTAL for Section 3 Section 4 _____ It is important to see my role in the “big picture” of things _____ I enjoy discussing questions about life _____ Religion is important to me _____ I enjoy viewing art masterpieces _____ Relaxation and meditation exercises are rewarding _____ I like visiting breathtaking sites in nature _____ I enjoy reading ancient and modern philosophers _____ Learning new things is easier when I understand their value _____ I wonder if there are other forms of intelligent life in the universe _____ Studying history and ancient culture helps give me perspective _____ TOTAL for Section 4 Section 5 _____ I learn best interacting with others _____ The more the merrier _____ Study groups are very productive for me _____ I enjoy chat rooms _____ Participating in politics is important _____ Television and radio talk shows are enjoyable _____ I am a “team player” _____ I dislike working alone
  8. 8. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 8 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # _____ Clubs and extracurricular activities are fun _____ I pay attention to social issues and causes _____ TOTAL for Section 5 Section 6 _____ I enjoy making things with my hands _____ Sitting still for long periods of time is difficult for me _____ I enjoy outdoor games and sports _____ I value non-verbal communication such as sign language _____ A fit body is important for a fit mind _____ Arts and crafts are enjoyable pastimes _____ Expression through dance is beautiful _____ I like working with tools _____ I live an active lifestyle _____ I learn by doing _____ TOTAL for Section 6 Section 7 _____ I enjoy reading all kinds of materials _____ Taking notes helps me remember and understand _____ I faithfully contact friends through letters and/or e-mail _____ It is easy for me to explain my ideas to others _____ I keep a journal _____ Word puzzles like crosswords and jumbles are fun _____ I write for pleasure _____ I enjoy playing with words like puns, anagrams and spoonerisms _____ Foreign languages interest me _____ Debates and public speaking are activities I like to participate in _____ TOTAL for Section 7 Section 8 _____ I am keenly aware of my moral beliefs _____ I learn best when I have an emotional attachment to the subject _____ Fairness is important to me _____ My attitude effects how I learn _____ Social justice issues concern me _____ Working alone can be just as productive as working in a group _____ I need to know why I should do something before I agree to do it _____ When I believe in something I will give 100% effort to it _____ I like to be involved in causes that help others _____ I am willing to protest or sign a petition to right a wrong _____ TOTAL for Section 8 Section 9
  9. 9. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 9 of 11Developed by: BPAP Revision # _____ I can imagine ideas in my mind _____ Rearranging a room is fun for me _____ I enjoy creating art using varied media _____ I remember well using graphic organizers _____ Performance art can be very gratifying _____ Spreadsheets are great for making charts, graphs and tables _____ Three dimensional puzzles bring me much enjoyment _____ Music videos are very stimulating _____ I can recall things in mental pictures _____ I am good at reading maps and blueprints _____ TOTAL for Section 9 Part II Now carry forward your total from each section and multiply by 10 below: Section Total Forward Multiply Score 1 x 10 2 x 10 3 x 10 4 x 10 5 x 10 6 x 10 7 x 10 8 x 10 9 x 10 Part III Now plot your scores on the bar graph provided: 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Sec 1 Sec 2 Sec 3 Sec 4 Sec 5 Sec 6 Sec 7 Sec 8 Sec 9 Part IV
  10. 10. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 10 of 11 Developed by: BPAP Revision # Now determine your intelligence profile! Key: Section 1 – This reflects your Naturalist strength Section 2 – This suggests your Musical strength Section 3 – This indicates your Logical strength Section 4 – This illustrates your Existential strength Section 5 – This shows your Interpersonal strength Section 6 – This tells your Kinesthetic strength Section 7 – This indicates your Verbal strength Section 8 – This reflects your Intrapersonal strength Section 9 – This suggests your Visual strength Remember:  Everyone has all the intelligences!  You can strengthen an intelligence!  This inventory is meant as a snapshot in time – it can change!  M.I. is meant to empower, not label people! © 1999 Walter McKenzie, The One and Only Surfaquarium http://surfaquarium.com This survey may be printed, used and/or modified by educators as long as the copyright tag remains intact. Assessment Method: Portfolio Assessment using the Performance Criteria Checklist
  11. 11. Trainers Methodology Plus Plan Training Sessions Date Developed: September 2012 Document No: Issued by: Page 11 of 11 Developed by: BPAP Revision # Performance Criteria Checklist CRITERIA YES NO 1. Determine the dominant intelligence

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