What Is Child Abuse?
• Child abuse is any act of commission or
omission that endangers or impairs a
child’s physical or emotional help and
development. Any damage done to a child,
it is often because of an injury or series of
injuries affecting the mind. There are four
types of child abuse: Physical, Sexual,
Emotional, and Neglect.
Facts About Child Abuse
• Approximately 5 children die every day because of child abuse.
• 1 out of 3 girls and 1 out of 5 boys will be sexually abused before they reach age
• 90 percent of child sexual abuse victims know the perpetrator in some way.
• Most children become victims of abuse and neglect at 18 months or younger.
• In 2010, 1,537 children died of abuse or neglect.
• Boys and girls become victims at nearly the same rate.
• 3.6 million cases of child abuse are reported every year in the U.S.
• Abused and neglected children are 11 times more likely to engage in criminal
behavior as an adult.
• About 80 percent of 21-year-olds who were abused as children met criteria for at
least one psychological disorder.
• 14 percent of all men and 36 percent of all women in prison were abused as
• Abused children are less likely to practice safe sex, putting them at greater risk
for STDs. They’re also 25 percent more likely to experience teen pregnancy.
Child Abuse Myths
• Myth: Child abuse is rare.
• Fact: Between a quarter and a third of children
will experience assault before the age of 18.
• Myth: It is only abuse if it is violent.
• Fact: Child abuse also includes emotional abuse
which can have an impact on the child’s mental
• Myth: Children grow out of bad experiences in
• Fact: Adults are deeply affected by abuse and
neglect in childhood. It isn’t possible for the to
just get over it. Sometimes they even need support.
Types of Child Abuse
There are 4 types of child abuse:
• Physical Abuse- Any injury that is not an accident towards a
child. Also a physical injury that harms a child. Some examples of
physical abuse are hitting, kicking, slapping, shaking, burning,
pinching, hair pulling, biting, choking, throwing, shoving, and
• Sexual Abuse- It includes sexual intercourse involving a child.
The sexual molestation of a child. It can involve sexually
touching a child and non-touching as well. Any act that doesn’t
involve touching can still be harmful to the child’s well- being.
Sexual abuse robs children of their childhood and serious
emotional problems. Many cases go unreported.
• Emotional abuse- Includes constant shaming and humiliating a
child, calling him names. Telling him or her that he in no good,
worthless, or a mistake, frequent yelling or bullying. In all, it
can severely damage a child’s mental health.
• Neglect- Failing to provide for a child’s basic needs. That can
include giving them proper food, hygiene or supervision.
• James Moss-The 6-foot-2, 270-pound dad
threatened to kill the boy on May 12, 2010.
Moss took Christopher to the basement and
ripped off his clothes. Then he pulled the boy
into the kitchen and used a spatula to beat
him across his back. The dad heated up two
burners on the stove and held the defenseless
boy's hands on them until his skin began to
peel. Moss punched his son in the face and
then forced him into the oven. "I'm going to
burn you alive!" Moss screamed while his
child begged to be freed. He eventually let
Christopher out of the oven, only to then toss
him naked outside the front door.
What Effects Does Abuse Have on
• Child abuse has both short and long term
effects. Some short term effects include;
burns, cuts, bruises, bite marks, anti-social
behavior, problems in school, and fear of
• Some long term effects also include low-self
esteem, depression, relationship difficulties,
trust issues, anxiety, eating disorders, and
attempts of suicide.
• They may also have behavioral effects like
engaging in criminal acts, teen pregnancy,
low academic achievements, drug use, and
mental health problems.
Ways to help a child being abused
• When you think a child is being abused you have to talk to
them with calmness and reassurance, and unconditional
support. Always remember that talking to the child about the
abuse to them may be a scary for them.
• Avoid Denial and salvage
• Do not interrogate the child
• Make sure that the child knows that they did nothing wrong.
• Their safety always comes first
• If you are being abused, please tell a safe person
• Make them feel comfortable talking to you or any adult they