Maria Paula Saba, Denise Filippo,
Fernando Reiszel Pereira, Pedro P. de Souza
Superior School of Industrial Design - ESDI/...
CRIWG 2011
Research Problem
> How to call someone and start a conversation
when there is no visual contact, no physical
co...
CRIWG 2011
Research Problem
> This might sound very impossible or rare.
But it is quite common, specially when:
- people h...
CRIWG 2011
Research Problem
> How hearing impaired are warned about:
doorbells, telephones, fire alarms?
CRIWG 2011
By visual signs. But if they are not looking at it?
Research Problem
CRIWG 2011
Background
Graham Bell would give balloons to deaf children
so they could be aware of horse carriages
while pla...
CRIWG 2011
Research question
deaf people ill people elderly
How to support people who wish to communicate
when they don`t ...
CRIWG 2011
Context
- Ubiquitous computing
- Wearables
CRIWG 2011
Proposition
- Communication channel for haptic warnings
through a wearable device.
- System allow users to draw...
CRIWG 2011
Concept
- One calling someone else
CRIWG 2011
Concept
- Environmental alerts
(doorbells, fire alarms, alarm clocks)
CRIWG 2011
Concept
- Group notification
(when someone gets too far away)
CRIWG 2011
Scripts
- How can this device change daily routine?
CRIWG 2011
Design guidelines
- ubiquitous
- peripheral position at user’s attention
- to be used in daily routine: accesso...
CRIWG 2011
First prototype
- exploratory case study
- “I want to talk to you”
- one press the button, the other feels vibr...
CRIWG 2011
First prototype
- how does it look like?
- pair of belts
CRIWG 2011
- arduino: open source platform for hardware prototyping
- lilypad: wearable components for arduino, sensors an...
CRIWG 2011
- exploratory case study
> 1st: questionnarie and interview
- 5 talking volunteers
- print manual
> 2nd: focus ...
CRIWG 2011
1st evaluation
> 5 people:
- 3 young / 2 adults
- 3 women / 2 men
- 4 hearing / 1 disabled
> tasks:
- wear the ...
CRIWG 2011
Results
INTERFACE
> All leanerd quickly and considered easy to dress and to feel vibrating,
comfortable, aesthe...
CRIWG 2011
2nd evaluation
> 10 people:
- from the same pastoral group
- 10 deaf adults - 6 women / 4 men
> tasks:
- 3 minu...
CRIWG 2011
Results
- all enjoyed the idea
- all women tried, all men didn’t
- good and beautiful (but hot under clothing)
...
CRIWG 2011
Conclusion
- proposition well accepted, indicating wearable computing and haptic
communication can improve deaf...
CRIWG 2011
Further development
- long lasting evaluation
- multiple users, group, broadcast
- try communication codes
- co...
CRIWG 2011
Video
CRIWG 2011
Thank you!
- special thanks to Deaf Pastoral of Rio de Janeiro
and all other volunteers
Maria Paula - design@ma...
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Hey yaa - wearable to support deaf communication

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Presented at CRIWG 2011, Paraty, Rio de Janeiro.

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Hey yaa - wearable to support deaf communication

  1. 1. Maria Paula Saba, Denise Filippo, Fernando Reiszel Pereira, Pedro P. de Souza Superior School of Industrial Design - ESDI/UERJ CRIWG - Paraty, 2011 A Haptic Warning Wearable To Support Deaf People Communication
  2. 2. CRIWG 2011 Research Problem > How to call someone and start a conversation when there is no visual contact, no physical contact and no possibility of sound?
  3. 3. CRIWG 2011 Research Problem > This might sound very impossible or rare. But it is quite common, specially when: - people have hearing and speaking disabilities, - people are riding bikes, - people are in a noisy crowd,
  4. 4. CRIWG 2011 Research Problem > How hearing impaired are warned about: doorbells, telephones, fire alarms?
  5. 5. CRIWG 2011 By visual signs. But if they are not looking at it? Research Problem
  6. 6. CRIWG 2011 Background Graham Bell would give balloons to deaf children so they could be aware of horse carriages while playing in the streets. They just felt its VIBRATION.
  7. 7. CRIWG 2011 Research question deaf people ill people elderly How to support people who wish to communicate when they don`t have physical and visual contact and cannot count on sound and speech?
  8. 8. CRIWG 2011 Context - Ubiquitous computing - Wearables
  9. 9. CRIWG 2011 Proposition - Communication channel for haptic warnings through a wearable device. - System allow users to draw other user’s attention through haptic sensation without using voice/ vision/ physical contact.
  10. 10. CRIWG 2011 Concept - One calling someone else
  11. 11. CRIWG 2011 Concept - Environmental alerts (doorbells, fire alarms, alarm clocks)
  12. 12. CRIWG 2011 Concept - Group notification (when someone gets too far away)
  13. 13. CRIWG 2011 Scripts - How can this device change daily routine?
  14. 14. CRIWG 2011 Design guidelines - ubiquitous - peripheral position at user’s attention - to be used in daily routine: accessory - easy to carry - easy handling (urgent tasks) - strong vibration in a sensitive area - automatic feedback - aesthetics: computer or clothing?
  15. 15. CRIWG 2011 First prototype - exploratory case study - “I want to talk to you” - one press the button, the other feels vibrating while one receives feedback - public: deaf people
  16. 16. CRIWG 2011 First prototype - how does it look like? - pair of belts
  17. 17. CRIWG 2011 - arduino: open source platform for hardware prototyping - lilypad: wearable components for arduino, sensors and actuators - xbee: wireless transmitter/receiver First prototype
  18. 18. CRIWG 2011 - exploratory case study > 1st: questionnarie and interview - 5 talking volunteers - print manual > 2nd: focus group - 10 deaf volunteers - translator needed Evaluation
  19. 19. CRIWG 2011 1st evaluation > 5 people: - 3 young / 2 adults - 3 women / 2 men - 4 hearing / 1 disabled > tasks: - wear the belt, make it work, walk around in other rooms or out of the building and return when he/she felt it vibrating - questionnaire and interview
  20. 20. CRIWG 2011 Results INTERFACE > All leanerd quickly and considered easy to dress and to feel vibrating, comfortable, aesthetically neutral, but difficult to turn on (lilypad switch) > 3 of 5 interested in different levels of vibration, concerned about electrick shocks and not bothered by eletronic components appearance COMMUNICATION > easy to call and to feel the call, feedback vibration really useful - walkie talkie concept: own code for communicating - hearing impaired girl wanted to buy regardless of price
  21. 21. CRIWG 2011 2nd evaluation > 10 people: - from the same pastoral group - 10 deaf adults - 6 women / 4 men > tasks: - 3 minutes explanation - try the system freely, with group interaction - group interview with translator
  22. 22. CRIWG 2011 Results - all enjoyed the idea - all women tried, all men didn’t - good and beautiful (but hot under clothing) - curiosity about maximum distance - vibration might bot be strong enough - places to use: home, work and parties - question about how much it costs - suggested scenarios
  23. 23. CRIWG 2011 Conclusion - proposition well accepted, indicating wearable computing and haptic communication can improve deaf people’s lives - design guidelines fit well - need of better hardware design “perfect” in LIBRAS
  24. 24. CRIWG 2011 Further development - long lasting evaluation - multiple users, group, broadcast - try communication codes - connect to environment devices such as doorbell
  25. 25. CRIWG 2011 Video
  26. 26. CRIWG 2011 Thank you! - special thanks to Deaf Pastoral of Rio de Janeiro and all other volunteers Maria Paula - design@mariapaulasaba.com Denise - dfilippo@esdi.uerj.br

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