Present Perfect Simple And Progressive

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  • Present Perfect Simple And Progressive

    1. 1. The Present Perfect Have/Has + Past Participle
    2. 2. Time ? X X
    3. 3. 1.The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened before now, at an unspecified time in the past Time ? X X
    4. 4. 1.The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened before now, at an unspecified time in the past
    5. 5. 1.The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened before now, at an unspecified time in the past They have moved into a new apartment.
    6. 6. 1.The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened before now, at an unspecified time in the past They have moved into a new apartment. Have you ever visited Mexico?
    7. 7. 1.The present perfect expresses the idea that something happened before now, at an unspecified time in the past They have moved into a new apartment. Have you ever visited Mexico? I have never seen snow.
    8. 8. The adverbs ever, never, already,yet still, and just are frequently used with the present perfect.
    9. 9. The adverbs ever, never, already,yet still, and just are frequently used with the present perfect. Jack hasn’t seen it yet.
    10. 10. The adverbs ever, never, already,yet still, and just are frequently used with the present perfect. Jack hasn’t seen it yet. I have already seen Al Gore’s Movie.
    11. 11. The adverbs ever, never, already,yet still, and just are frequently used with the present perfect. Jack hasn’t seen it yet. I have already seen Al Gore’s Movie. Ann started writing a letter to her parents last week, but she still hasn’t finished it.
    12. 12. The adverbs ever, never, already,yet still, and just are frequently used with the present perfect. Jack hasn’t seen it yet. I have already seen Al Gore’s Movie. Ann started writing a letter to her parents last week, but she still hasn’t finished it. Alex feels bad. He has just heard some bad news.
    13. 13. X X X XX
    14. 14. 2. The present perfect also expresses the repetition of an activity before now.The exact time of repetition is not important. X X X XX
    15. 15. 2. The present perfect also expresses the repetition of an activity before now.The exact time of repetition is not important.
    16. 16. 2. The present perfect also expresses the repetition of an activity before now.The exact time of repetition is not important. We have had four tests so far this semester
    17. 17. 2. The present perfect also expresses the repetition of an activity before now.The exact time of repetition is not important. We have had four tests so far this semester I have written my wife a letter every other day for the last two weeks.
    18. 18. 2. The present perfect also expresses the repetition of an activity before now.The exact time of repetition is not important. We have had four tests so far this semester I have written my wife a letter every other day for the last two weeks. I have met many people since I came here in june.
    19. 19. 3.The present perfect also expresses a situation that began in the past and continues to the present.
    20. 20. 3.The present perfect also expresses a situation that began in the past and continues to the present. I have been here since seven o’clock.
    21. 21. 3.The present perfect also expresses a situation that began in the past and continues to the present. I have been here since seven o’clock. We have been here for two weeks.
    22. 22. 3.The present perfect also expresses a situation that began in the past and continues to the present. I have been here since seven o’clock. We have been here for two weeks. I have had this same pair of shoes for two weeks.
    23. 23. 3.The present perfect also expresses a situation that began in the past and continues to the present. I have been here since seven o’clock. We have been here for two weeks. I have had this same pair of shoes for two weeks. I have liked cowboy movies ever since I was a child.
    24. 24. Difference between since and for Since + a particular time (1984, 2 pm, etc.) For + a duration of time (2 weeks, half an hour, etc.)
    25. 25. Present perfect vs.simple past
    26. 26. Present perfect vs.simple past 1. I (attend, not) ______________ any parties since I came here.
    27. 27. Present perfect vs.simple past haven’t attended 1. I (attend, not) ______________ any parties since I came here.
    28. 28. Present perfect vs. simple past
    29. 29. Present perfect vs. simple past 2. Al (go) ___________ to a party at Sally’s apartment last Saturday night.
    30. 30. Present perfect vs. simple past went 2. Al (go) ___________ to a party at Sally’s apartment last Saturday night.
    31. 31. Present perfect vs.simple past
    32. 32. Present perfect vs.simple past 3. Bill (arrive) ______________ here three days ago.
    33. 33. Present perfect vs.simple past arrived 3. Bill (arrive) ______________ here three days ago.
    34. 34. Work in pairs and ask your partner the following questions: 1.How many tests have you taken since the first day of class? 2. How many emails have you gotten so far this week? 3. How many times have you flown in an air- plane?
    35. 35. The long and winding road • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night the rain washed away, • __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way • Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    36. 36. The long and winding road (answers) • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night that the rain washed away, • __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way • Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    37. 37. The long and winding road (answers) • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, I’ve seen • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night that the rain washed away, • __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way • Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    38. 38. The long and winding road (answers) • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, I’ve seen • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night that the rain washed away, • has left __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way • Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    39. 39. The long and winding road (answers) • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, I’ve seen • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night that the rain washed away, • has left __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way • I’ve been Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    40. 40. The long and winding road (answers) • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, I’ve seen • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night that the rain washed away, • has left __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way I’ve cried • I’ve been Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    41. 41. The long and winding road (answers) • The long and winding road that leads to your door, • Will never disappear, I’ve seen • ______________ that road before It always leads me here, • Leads me to your door. • The wild and windy night that the rain washed away, • has left __________a pool of tears crying for the day. • Why leave me standing here, let me know the way I’ve cried • I’ve been Many times ___________ alone and many times _________ • I’ve tried Anyway you'll never know the many ways__________, but • Still they lead me back to the long and winding road • You left me standing here a long, long time ago • Don't leave me waiting here, lead me to you door • Da, da, da, da--
    42. 42. The Present Perfect Progressive 1. This tense is used to indicate the duration of an activity that began in the past and continues to the present. When the tense has this meaning, it is used with time words such as, for, since, all morning, all day, all week.
    43. 43. The present perfect progressive
    44. 44. The present perfect progressive The earth’s temperature has been rising steadily since the beginning of the industrial age. Al Gore has been studying climate change for twenty straight years. It has been raining all day. It is still raining now.
    45. 45. The present perfect progressive 2. When the tense is used without any specific mention of time, it expresses a general activity in progress recently, lately.
    46. 46. The present perfect progressive He has been thinking about doing something to save our environment. All of the students have been studying hard for the final. My back hurts, so I have been sleeping on the floor lately. The bed is too soft.
    47. 47. The present perfect progressive 3. With certain verbs (most notably live, work, teach), there is little or no difference in meaning between the two tenses when since or for is used.
    48. 48. present perfect progressive I have lived here since 1995. = I have been living here since 1995. He has worked at the same institution for ten years. = He has been working at the same institution for ten years.
    49. 49. Present perfect / progressive? Epidemiologists (warn)_________ that the next pandemic could sicken one in every three people on the planet.
    50. 50. present perfect or progressive? Epidemiologists have warned that the next pandemic could sicken one in every three people on the planet.
    51. 51. present perfect or progressive? Epidemiologists (warn)_________ for some time that the next pandemic could sicken one in every three people on the planet.
    52. 52. present perfect or progressive? Epidemiologists have been warning for some time that the next pandemic could sicken one in every three people on the planet.
    53. 53. present perfect or progressive? Flu scientists (urge) ________ the creation of a global task force since 1995 to supervise pandemic preparations.
    54. 54. Flu scientists have been urging the creation of a global task force since 1995 to supervise pandemic preparations.

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