Modals

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  • Modals

    1. 1. Modal Forms
    2. 2. Modal Forms
    3. 3. Modal Forms Modal auxiliaries are a special class of words that indicate things such as ability (can) and obligation (must).
    4. 4. Modal Forms Modal auxiliaries are a special class of words that indicate things such as ability (can) and obligation (must). Remember that modals have no third-person singular form.
    5. 5. Modal Forms Modal auxiliaries are a special class of words that indicate things such as ability (can) and obligation (must). Remember that modals have no third-person singular form.
    6. 6. Modal Forms Modal auxiliaries are a special class of words that indicate things such as ability (can) and obligation (must). Jane helps people Remember that modals have no third-person singular form.
    7. 7. Modal Forms Modal auxiliaries are a special class of words that indicate things such as ability (can) and obligation (must). Jane helps people Remember that modals have no third-person singular form. Jane can help you.
    8. 8. Function of modals
    9. 9. Function of modals 1) Ability (can)
    10. 10. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can)
    11. 11. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can) 3) Advice (should, ought to)
    12. 12. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can) 3) Advice (should, ought to) 4) Obligation (must, have to)
    13. 13. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can) 3) Advice (should, ought to) 4) Obligation (must, have to) 5)Probability (must)
    14. 14. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can) 3) Advice (should, ought to) 4) Obligation (must, have to) 5)Probability (must) 6)Possibility (can, could, might, may)
    15. 15. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can) 3) Advice (should, ought to) 4) Obligation (must, have to) 5)Probability (must) 6)Possibility (can, could, might, may) 7) Conditional, past habit (would), desire (would like), preference (would rather).
    16. 16. Function of modals 1) Ability (can) 2) Polite requests (may, would, could, can) Although have to is 3) Advice (should, ought to) not a modal 4) Obligation (must, have to) auxiliary, it is 5)Probability (must) included on this list because it functions 6)Possibility (can, could, might, like a modal and has may) the same meaning as 7) Conditional, past habit must. Have to becomes has to in (would), desire (would like), the third person preference (would rather).
    17. 17. 1. Ability (can) Example Past form
    18. 18. 1. Ability (can) Example Past form She can speak English very well.
    19. 19. 1. Ability (can) Example Past form I could speak English much She can speak English very better when I was in high- well. school.
    20. 20. 2. Polite requests (may, would,could,can) Example Past form
    21. 21. 2. Polite requests (may, would,could,can) Example Past form May I help you? (formal)
    22. 22. 2. Polite requests (may, would,could,can) Example Past form May I help you? (formal) Would you like some tea?
    23. 23. 2. Polite requests (may, would,could,can) Example Past form May I help you? (formal) Would you like some tea? Could you pass the butter?
    24. 24. 2. Polite requests (may, would,could,can) Example Past form May I help you? (formal) Would you like some tea? Could you pass the butter? Can I have some help? (informal)
    25. 25. 3. Advice (should, ought to) Example Past form
    26. 26. 3. Advice (should, ought to) Example Past form Alan should see a lawyer.
    27. 27. 3. Advice (should, ought to) Example Past form Alan should see a lawyer. Karen ought to do her work.
    28. 28. 3. Advice (should, ought to) Example Past form He should have seen a Alan should see a lawyer. lawyer before signing the Karen ought to do her contract. work.
    29. 29. 3. Advice (should, ought to) Example Past form He should have seen a Alan should see a lawyer. lawyer before signing the Karen ought to do her contract. work. Karen ought to have done her work sooner.
    30. 30. 4. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past form
    31. 31. 4. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past form Helen must (has to) see a doctor right away.
    32. 32. 4. Obligation (must,have to ) Example Past form Helen had to see a doctor last night Helen must (has to) see because because she a doctor right away. was having difficulty breathing.
    33. 33. 5. Probability (must) Example Past form
    34. 34. 5. Probability (must) Example Past form Kay must be home now.
    35. 35. 5. Probability (must) Example Past form She must have been very Kay must be home now. beautiful when she was young.
    36. 36. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form
    37. 37. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online.
    38. 38. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. Dan could help you.
    39. 39. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. Dan could help you. Mary might do the job.
    40. 40. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. Dan could help you. Mary might do the job. Ann may help them.
    41. 41. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. I could shop online when I had my credit card. Dan could help you. Mary might do the job. Ann may help them.
    42. 42. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. I could shop online when I had my credit card. Dan could help you. You could have helped me but you didn’t. Mary might do the job. Ann may help them.
    43. 43. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. I could shop online when I had my credit card. Dan could help you. You could have helped me but you didn’t. Mary might do the job. Mary might have done the job. Ann may help them.
    44. 44. 6. Possibility (can ,could, might, may) Example Past form You can shop online. I could shop online when I had my credit card. Dan could help you. You could have helped me but you didn’t. Mary might do the job. Mary might have done the job. Ann may help them. Ann may have told him the secret.
    45. 45. 7(a). Conditional Example Past form
    46. 46. 7(a). Conditional Example Past form If I had time, I would help her (expresses a wish)
    47. 47. 7(a). Conditional Example Past form If I had studied the piano when I was If I had time, I would help young I would have her (expresses a wish) become a concert pianist by now.
    48. 48. 7 (b). Past habit (would) Example Past form
    49. 49. 7 (b). Past habit (would) Example Past form As a youth, I would spend hours at my best friend’s house. (expresses a habit)
    50. 50. 7(c). Desire (would like) Example Past form
    51. 51. 7(c). Desire (would like) Example Past form I woud like some coffee.
    52. 52. 7(c). Desire (would like) Example Past form I would have liked some coffee but the I woud like some coffee. coffee machine was broken.
    53. 53. 7(d). Preference (would rather) Example Past form
    54. 54. 7(d). Preference (would rather) Example Past form I would rather be tall than short.
    55. 55. 7(d). Preference (would rather) Example Past form I would rather have I would rather be tall than been poor and healthy short. than rich and sick when I was a child.

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