Grammar practice
    English 202
Choose the correct answer
       Gene Patenting: What Do You Think?
Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and I was recently...
Choose the correct answer
        Gene Patenting: What Do You Think?
Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and I was recentl...
Choose the correct answer
           Gene Patenting: What Do You Think?
 Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and I was rec...
For example, a company (6)is inventing / invents a
special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they
developed ...
For example, a company (6)is inventing / invents a
special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they
developed ...
For example, a company (6)is inventing / invents a
special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they
developed ...
This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their
knowledge that they (9) may be able / will be able to get a
p...
This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their
    knowledge that they (9) may be able / will be able to get...
This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their
    knowledge that they (9) may be able / will be able to get...
Most consumer products (13) are patented / is pantented, but
there is controversy over whether naturally occurring, or liv...
Most consumer products (13) are patented / is pantented, but
there is controversy over whether naturally occurring, or liv...
 
 So, to clarify, whole living animals (18)are not patented /
were not patented, their DNA is. DNA that would naturally
(...
 
 So, to clarify, whole living animals (18)are not patented /
were not patented, their DNA is. DNA that would naturally
(...
Vocabulary practice
Embryonic stem cells are:
undifferentiated ce"s that one derives #om an
embryo.


differentiated ce"s that one derives #om a...
Embryonic stem cells are:
undifferentiated ce"s that one derives #om an
embryo.

differentiated ce"s that one derives #om an...
Embryonic stem cell lines are:
families of pluripotential ce"s grown
#om a single parent group of stem ce"s.

families of ...
Embryonic stem cell lines are:
families of pluripotential ce"s grown
#om a single parent group of stem ce"s.

families of ...
Find a that word means 1), “progeny” / “descendant”
   and 2), a word that means :the activity of controlling
        the ...
1) Offspring: the descendants of a
      person, animal, or plant.

2) Breeding: the activity of controlling
the mating and...
Can you remember a term from class #2
    that means “the latest and most
 advanced stage in the development of
          ...
Can you remember a term from class #2
    that means “the latest and most
 advanced stage in the development of
          ...
“To keep something at bay” is an
       expression that means:

To avoid something.


To stay close to something.

To main...
“To keep something at bay” is an
       expression that means:

To avoid something.


To stay close to something.

To main...
Complete the text with one of the following words:
  surrogate, genetically, genetic, gestational, social.

 In the ______...
In the gestational surrogacy arrangement, the child
may be related to both the mother and father. This idea
is consistent ...
Nanotechnology is:
The study of the control of matter on an atomic or
molecular level


The technology that deals with ver...
Nanotechnology is:
The study of the control of matter on an
atomic or molecular level


The technology that deals with ver...
The full amount of an agricultural or
      industrial product is the:

Yield

Crop

Fertilizer
The full amount of an agricultural
    or industrial product is the:

Yield

Crop

Fertilizer
Vocabulary exercise
Think of a sentence (minimum 10 words) using one of
  the following words and write it leaving a blank...
Vocabulary exercise
Think of a sentence (minimum 10 words) using one of
  the following words and write it leaving a blank...
Vocabulary exercise
Think of a sentence (minimum 10 words) using one of
  the following words and write it leaving a blank...
Grammar review


• Present tenses (p40-52)
• Modal verbs (p.72-84)
• Passive sentences (p.158-163)
• List of keywords on t...
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Gene Patenting Grammar Practice

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  • Gene Patenting Grammar Practice

    1. 1. Grammar practice English 202
    2. 2. Choose the correct answer Gene Patenting: What Do You Think? Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and I was recently reminded / recently reminded of it when I heard that the American Civil Liberties Union sues /is suing a biotechnology company. Okay, let's go back to basics. What’s a patent? Patents are what inventors get to ensure that no one copies / is copying their ideas, makes / is making money from them and/or takes / is taking all the credit. Answers
    3. 3. Choose the correct answer Gene Patenting: What Do You Think? Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and I was recently reminded / recently reminded of it when I heard that the American Civil Liberties Union sues /is suing a biotechnology company. Okay, let's go back to basics. What’s a patent? Patents are what inventors get to ensure that no one copies / is copying their ideas, makes / is making money from them and/or takes / is taking all the credit. Answers Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and (1)I was recently reminded of it when I heard that the American Civil Liberties Union (2)is suing a biotechnology company. Okay, let's go back to basics. What’s a patent? Patents are what inventors get to ensure that no one (3)copies their ideas, (4)makes money from them and/or (5)takes all the credit.
    4. 4. Choose the correct answer Gene Patenting: What Do You Think? Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and I was recently reminded / recently reminded of it when I heard that the American Civil Liberties Union sues /is suing a biotechnology company. Okay, let's go back to basics. What’s a patent? Patents are what inventors get to ensure that no one copies / is copying their ideas, makes / is making money from them and/or takes / is taking all the credit. Answers Gene patenting is a touchy subject, and (1)I was recently reminded of it when I heard that the American Civil Liberties Union (2)is suing a biotechnology company. Okay, let's go back to basics. What’s a patent? Patents are what inventors get to ensure that no one (3)copies their ideas, (4)makes money from them and/or (5)takes all the credit. 1: Passive sentence: The subject (“I”) of this sentence is not the “doer” of the action. The subject receives the action. 2. Present progressive:Action in progress. 3,4,5. Present simple: Repetitive action.
    5. 5. For example, a company (6)is inventing / invents a special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they developed out of years of research; their patent (which they apply for) (7)gives / is giving them exclusive rights of the production and sales of this helmet model that they (8) put / putted so much work into.   Answers
    6. 6. For example, a company (6)is inventing / invents a special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they developed out of years of research; their patent (which they apply for) (7)gives / is giving them exclusive rights of the production and sales of this helmet model that they (8) put / putted so much work into.   Answers For example, a company (6) invents a special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they developed out of years of research; their patent (which they apply for) (7)gives them exclusive rights of the production and sales of this helmet model that they put / putted so much work into.  
    7. 7. For example, a company (6)is inventing / invents a special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they developed out of years of research; their patent (which they apply for) (7)gives / is giving them exclusive rights of the production and sales of this helmet model that they (8) put / putted so much work into.   Answers For example, a company (6) invents a special bicycle helmet with super-shock protection that they developed out of years of research; their patent (which they apply for) (7)gives them exclusive rights of the production and sales of this helmet model that they put / putted so much work into.   6,7: Present Simple: The company is not “inventing” the bicycle at this very moment. 8. Irregular past verb: Past of “put is “put”
    8. 8. This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their knowledge that they (9) may be able / will be able to get a patent, researchers, companies and individuals (10) invest / are investing their time, money, and brain power to research and develop new products, ideas, etc. Patents generally (11) are lasting / last for twenty years, and patenting rights (12) function / functions generally the same way in both Canada and the US.   Answers
    9. 9. This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their knowledge that they (9) may be able / will be able to get a patent, researchers, companies and individuals (10) invest / are investing their time, money, and brain power to research and develop new products, ideas, etc. Patents generally (11) are lasting / last for twenty years, and patenting rights (12) function / functions generally the same way in both Canada and the US.   Answers This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their knowledge that they (9) will be able to get a patent, researchers, companies and individuals (10) invest their time, money, and brain power to research and develop new products, ideas, etc. Patents generally (11) last for twenty years, and patenting rights (12) function / functions generally the same way in both Canada and the US.  
    10. 10. This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their knowledge that they (9) may be able / will be able to get a patent, researchers, companies and individuals (10) invest / are investing their time, money, and brain power to research and develop new products, ideas, etc. Patents generally (11) are lasting / last for twenty years, and patenting rights (12) function / functions generally the same way in both Canada and the US.   Answers This is called intellectual property rights. Secure in their knowledge that they (9) will be able to get a patent, researchers, companies and individuals (10) invest their time, money, and brain power to research and develop new products, ideas, etc. Patents generally (11) last for twenty years, and patenting rights (12) function / functions generally the same way in both Canada and the US.   9: High degree of certainty: We use “will” and not “may” to express high certainty. 10, 11, 12: Present Simple : Repetitive (habitual) action.
    11. 11. Most consumer products (13) are patented / is pantented, but there is controversy over whether naturally occurring, or living organisms can be patented. As it stands, DNA can be patented. Some “types” of cattle (14) have been bred / were bred to be ideal for meat; biotechnology or agriculture companies (15 )could/can actually patent the entire set of DNA (called a genome) of that animal so that another farm or meat business cannot raise animals with the same favourable DNA. Livestock (16) can now clone / can now be cloned to reproduce optimal genomes. If you live in the US or EU, you (17) Could /ought to be eating cloned meat or drinking milk from a cloned cow, which is something to ponder.   Justification
    12. 12. Most consumer products (13) are patented / is pantented, but there is controversy over whether naturally occurring, or living organisms can be patented. As it stands, DNA can be patented. Some “types” of cattle (14) have been bred / were bred to be ideal for meat; biotechnology or agriculture companies (15 )could/can actually patent the entire set of DNA (called a genome) of that animal so that another farm or meat business cannot raise animals with the same favourable DNA. Livestock (16) can now clone / can now be cloned to reproduce optimal genomes. If you live in the US or EU, you (17) Could /ought to be eating cloned meat or drinking milk from a cloned cow, which is something to ponder.   Justification 13. Subject verb agreement: The subject “Most consumer products” is plural. 14. Present Perfect : Unspecified time. 15. Ability: Ability in the present (“actually”) requires “can” and not “could”. 16. Passive voice: The subject “Livestock” receives the action. 17. Possibility: Only “could” works as “ought to” implies obligation which would be illogical in this context.
    13. 13.   So, to clarify, whole living animals (18)are not patented / were not patented, their DNA is. DNA that would naturally (19) occurs / occur without human influence is not patentable. DNA (20)is becoming /becomes patentable when genetic engineers (21) had isolated / have isolated or changed it to produce a unique form that would not be found in nature. DNA patents are on the rise as geneticists make more and more discoveries; currently over three million patents relating to (22) DNA have been applied for / were applied for. Justification
    14. 14.   So, to clarify, whole living animals (18)are not patented / were not patented, their DNA is. DNA that would naturally (19) occurs / occur without human influence is not patentable. DNA (20)is becoming /becomes patentable when genetic engineers (21) had isolated / have isolated or changed it to produce a unique form that would not be found in nature. DNA patents are on the rise as geneticists make more and more discoveries; currently over three million patents relating to (22) DNA have been applied for / were applied for. Justification 18. Passive sentence: Context requires the present. 19. Modal form : A verb that comes after a modal never takes “s”. 20. Present simple: Habitual / fact. 21. Present perfect: Past connected to the present. 22. Present Perfect: Past connected to the present.
    15. 15. Vocabulary practice
    16. 16. Embryonic stem cells are: undifferentiated ce"s that one derives #om an embryo. differentiated ce"s that one derives #om an embryo. a group of ce"s that are inserted into an organ to repair its tissue.
    17. 17. Embryonic stem cells are: undifferentiated ce"s that one derives #om an embryo. differentiated ce"s that one derives #om an embryo. a group of ce"s that are inserted into an organ to repair its tissue.
    18. 18. Embryonic stem cell lines are: families of pluripotential ce"s grown #om a single parent group of stem ce"s. families of self-regenerating ce"s grown #om a single parent group of stem ce"s. families of pluripotential ce"s grown #om various parent groups of stem ce"s.
    19. 19. Embryonic stem cell lines are: families of pluripotential ce"s grown #om a single parent group of stem ce"s. families of self-regenerating ce"s grown #om a single parent group of stem ce"s. families of pluripotential ce"s grown #om various parent groups of stem ce"s.
    20. 20. Find a that word means 1), “progeny” / “descendant” and 2), a word that means :the activity of controlling the mating and reproduction of animals. Cloning animals is a reliable way of maintaining high quality and healthy livestock to supply our nutritional needs and consumer demand. Identifying and reproducing superior livestock genetics ensures herds are maintained at the highest quality possible. Animal clones will primarily be used as breeding stock to improve the health and quality of animals used for food production. So, most consumers will likely never eat an animal clone; rather, meat and milk products in the marketplace will come from the offspring of animal clones.
    21. 21. 1) Offspring: the descendants of a person, animal, or plant. 2) Breeding: the activity of controlling the mating and production of animals.
    22. 22. Can you remember a term from class #2 that means “the latest and most advanced stage in the development of something”?
    23. 23. Can you remember a term from class #2 that means “the latest and most advanced stage in the development of something”? Cutting edge
    24. 24. “To keep something at bay” is an expression that means: To avoid something. To stay close to something. To maintain a safe distance #om something.
    25. 25. “To keep something at bay” is an expression that means: To avoid something. To stay close to something. To maintain a safe distance #om something.
    26. 26. Complete the text with one of the following words: surrogate, genetically, genetic, gestational, social. In the ______________ surrogacy arrangement, the child may be related to both the mother and father. This idea is consistent with the emphasis on the primacy of the blood tie in EuroAmerican kinship ideology and the importance of family. One of the most interesting aspects of a __________'s perception of the fetus she is carrying is that it is not her child. This belief holds true whether the child is produced with her _________ contribution (50% in traditional surrogacy and, of course, in a traditional pregnancy) or not ___________ related to her at all, as in ....
    27. 27. In the gestational surrogacy arrangement, the child may be related to both the mother and father. This idea is consistent with the emphasis on the primacy of the blood tie in EuroAmerican kinship ideology and the importance of family. One of the most interesting aspects of a surrogate's perception of the fetus she is carrying is that it is not her child. This belief holds true whether the child is produced with her genetic contribution (50% in traditional surrogacy and, of course, in a traditional pregnancy) or not genetically related to her at all...
    28. 28. Nanotechnology is: The study of the control of matter on an atomic or molecular level The technology that deals with very sma" microchips Technology that uses microelectronics
    29. 29. Nanotechnology is: The study of the control of matter on an atomic or molecular level The technology that deals with very sma" microchips Technology that uses microelectronics
    30. 30. The full amount of an agricultural or industrial product is the: Yield Crop Fertilizer
    31. 31. The full amount of an agricultural or industrial product is the: Yield Crop Fertilizer
    32. 32. Vocabulary exercise Think of a sentence (minimum 10 words) using one of the following words and write it leaving a blank. Patent, enforce, mixed blessing, breakthrough, scrutiny, a bit player, come up with something, intellectual property.
    33. 33. Vocabulary exercise Think of a sentence (minimum 10 words) using one of the following words and write it leaving a blank. Patent, enforce, mixed blessing, breakthrough, scrutiny, a bit player, come up with something, intellectual property. Example: Jim Bunning was no more than a ___________ who enjoyed his 15 minutes of fame for the team.
    34. 34. Vocabulary exercise Think of a sentence (minimum 10 words) using one of the following words and write it leaving a blank. Patent, enforce, mixed blessing, breakthrough, scrutiny, a bit player, come up with something, intellectual property. Example: Jim Bunning was no more than a ___________ who enjoyed his 15 minutes of fame for the team. Jim Bunning was no more than a BIT PLAYER who enjoyed his 15 minutes of fame for the team.
    35. 35. Grammar review • Present tenses (p40-52) • Modal verbs (p.72-84) • Passive sentences (p.158-163) • List of keywords on the course website

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