1)1) Present real conditionalPresent real conditionallistens___SoniaIf she___to the teacher, will have great marks.Sonia will probably listen to herSonia will probably listen to herteacher.teacher.Used to talk about REAL present/futureUsed to talk about REAL present/futuresituations (the if-clause is quitesituations (the if-clause is quite probableprobable).).Great marks are to be expected.Great marks are to be expected.
2)2) Present unreal conditionalPresent unreal conditionallistened___ JohnIf he _____to the teacher, wouldhave great marks.John will probably NOT listen toJohn will probably NOT listen tohis teacher.his teacher.Used to talk about UNREAL present/future situations (theUsed to talk about UNREAL present/future situations (theif-clause isif-clause is improbableimprobable).).Great marks are NOT to beGreat marks are NOT to beexpected.expected.
3)3) Past unreal conditionalPast unreal conditionalhad listened___ Adam and ChristineIf they _____to the teacher, wouldhave gotten great marks.Adam Christine did NOT listen toAdam Christine did NOT listen totheir teacher.their teacher.Used to talk about UNREAL PAST situations (the if-clauseUsed to talk about UNREAL PAST situations (the if-clausedid not occur (did not occur (purely hypothetical situation).purely hypothetical situation).Great marks WERE NOTGreat marks WERE NOTOBTAINED.OBTAINED.
1. If Sonia listens to the teacher, she will have greatmarks.2. If John listened to the teacher, he would have greatmarks.3. If Adam and Christine had listened to the teacher, theywould have gotten great marks.Simple PresentSimple Presentwillwill + simple form of+ simple form ofthe verbthe verbSimple PastSimple Pastwouldwould + simple form+ simple formof the verbof the verbPast PerfectPast Perfectwould havewould have + past+ pastparticiple of the verbparticiple of the verb
Conditional withModalsThe result clause of a conditional can contain a modal.
Conditionals Examples with Modals* Result clause with could have, or mighthavePresent realPresent unrealPast unreal* Result clause with may, can or should(might if there is a future expression inthe if clause)* Result clause with could or might
Conditionals Examples with ModalsPresent real * Result clause with may, can or should(might if there is a future expression inthe if clause)If she is hungry, she eat my lunch.willmayThe result clause expressesThe result clause expresses permission.permission.The result clause expressesThe result clause expresses permission.permission.If it rains tomorrow, I might go to the library(possibility).
Conditionals Examples with ModalsPresent unreal* Result clause with could or mightIf she knew his name, she call him.couldThe result clause expressesThe result clause expresses Present ability.Present ability.The result clause expressesThe result clause expresses Present ability.Present ability.If she asked him out, she might accept. (Presentpossibility).
Conditionals Examples with ModalsPast unreal * Result clause with could have ormight haveIf she had known his name, she _________called him.could haveThe result clause expressesThe result clause expresses Past ability.Past ability.The result clause expressesThe result clause expresses Past ability.Past ability.
Practice activity # 1Finishing conditional sentences
If I get home late tonight...If I can’t sleep...If I have time next weekend...If I had a million dollars...
If I get home late tonight...If I am ill tomorrow...If I had studied more in high school...next weekend...If I had a million dollars...Instructions:1) Read the if-clause and suggest a possibleresult clause.2) Take the result and re-form it into acondition and suggest a further result.
...refuse an invitation to someone’s party?...jump out of the window?...sue your hairdresser?...pretend you don’t speak French norEnglish?Instructions:Read the following unlikely actions and think ofjustifications for doing them.