212 the academic essay

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Transcript

  • 1. The Academic Essay Perspectives (Brent Davies, 2010)
  • 2. The Academic EssayThe academic essay is a formal, structured piece of writing consisting of an introductory paragraph, a three-paragraph development and a concluding paragraph.
  • 3. The Academic Essay
  • 4. The Academic EssayDue to its formality, you may be asked not to use first- and second-person pronouns (I, we, my, your, our, etc.) or contractions (he’s, they’re, etc) when writing an academic essay.
  • 5. The Academic EssayDue to its formality, you may be asked not to use first- and second-person pronouns (I, we, my, your, our, etc.) or contractions (he’s, they’re, etc) when writing an academic essay. 1) Writing in third person makes the essay seem less subjective.
  • 6. The Academic EssayDue to its formality, you may be asked not to use first- and second-person pronouns (I, we, my, your, our, etc.) or contractions (he’s, they’re, etc) when writing an academic essay. 1) Writing in third person makes the essay seem less subjective. It is for these reasons that sometimes we cannot trust others we have met on the internet.
  • 7. The Academic EssayDue to its formality, you may be asked not to use first- and second-person pronouns (I, we, my, your, our, etc.) or contractions (he’s, they’re, etc) when writing an academic essay. 1) Writing in third person makes the essay seem less subjective. Seems It is for these reasons that sometimes we cannotsubjective trust others we have met on the internet.
  • 8. The Academic EssayDue to its formality, you may be asked not to use first- and second-person pronouns (I, we, my, your, our, etc.) or contractions (he’s, they’re, etc) when writing an academic essay. 1) Writing in third person makes the essay seem less subjective. Seems It is for these reasons that sometimes we cannotsubjective trust others we have met on the internet. It is for these reasons that internet users cannot trust others they have met on the internet.
  • 9. The Academic Essay Due to its formality, you may be asked not to use first- and second-person pronouns (I, we, my, your, our, etc.) or contractions (he’s, they’re, etc) when writing an academic essay. 1) Writing in third person makes the essay seem less subjective. Seems It is for these reasons that sometimes we cannot subjective trust others we have met on the internet.Seems more It is for these reasons that internet users objective cannot trust others they have met on the internet.
  • 10. The Academic Essay
  • 11. The Academic EssayA title page, research and referencing may also be required.
  • 12. The Academic EssayA title page, research and referencing may also be required. For more information on research and referencing, see “Appendix A: Researching, Referencing and Revising.”
  • 13. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development
  • 14. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development
  • 15. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development Grabber + ThesisStatement / preview statement
  • 16. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development Grabber + ThesisStatement / preview statement
  • 17. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development Grabber Paragraph + 1,2,3: Thesis Transition termStatement / + preview Controlling idea statement + Evidence
  • 18. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development Grabber Paragraph + 1,2,3: Thesis Transition termStatement / + preview Controlling idea statement + Evidence
  • 19. Structure of the Academic Essay Three-Introductory Concluding Paragraph + Paragraph + Paragraph Development Grabber Paragraph + 1,2,3: Summary Thesis Transition term statementStatement / + + preview Controlling idea Clincher statement + Evidence
  • 20. The 4-S Test
  • 21. The 4-S TestAn effective essay is based on a subject that passes the 4-S test.
  • 22. The 4-S TestThe subject must be:1. Single
  • 23. The 4-S Test The subject must be: 1. SingleAn academic essay deals with one, and only one,subject. As a consequence, the thesis statement--uponwhich the entire essay is constructed--must expressthe writer’s opinion on one, and only one subject.
  • 24. The 4-S Test The subject must be:2. Significant
  • 25. The 4-S Test The subject must be:2. SignificantAn academic essay is written to be read. In aneducational setting, the reader is typically your teacherand perhaps one or more of your classmates.Yourteacher and your classmates deserve to read essays onmeaningful subjects.
  • 26. The 4-S TestThe subject must be:3. Specific
  • 27. The 4-S Test The subject must be: 3. SpecificAcademic essays are brief. The more specific yourthesis statement, the more justice you can do to thetopic selected; for example, instead of writing aboutwar, write about the internment of Japanese-Canadiancitizens during World War II.
  • 28. The 4-S Test The subject must be:4. Supportable
  • 29. The 4-S Test The subject must be:4. SupportableAn academic essay requires that you prove your point(your thesis). If you can’t support your thesisstatement, change it.
  • 30. The Introductory Paragraph The first sentence of the introductory paragraph should grab the reader’s attention. Notsurprisingly, this first sentence is often referred to as a grabber. Effective grabber techniques include (but are not limited to) using quotations definitions and facts.
  • 31. The Introductory Paragraph The introductory paragraph must end with athesis statement, an affirmative statement thatexpresses the writer’s opinion about the subject of the essay, and may be followed by a list of two or three main points to be used to support your thesis. When the thesis statement is followed by a list of main points, it is referred to as a preview statement.
  • 32. Three-Paragraph developmentThe first sentence of each paragraph in thedevelopment is the topic sentence of theparagraph. The topic sentence is the controllingidea of the paragraph. Each topic sentence beginswith a transition term such as First, Second, andThird or To begin, To continue, and To finish and isbacked up with evidence: statistics, expert opinionor example. Ideally, different types of evidence areused in the development.
  • 33. Transition TermsTransition terms lend coherence to a text,indicating relationships between ideas.Read the transition words on p.10
  • 34. Concluding ParagraphThe first sentence of the concluding paragraph is asummary statement, a paraphrase of thethesis statement and topic sentences. The summarystatement begins with a transition term such as Tosum up, In summary,To conclude or In conclusion.
  • 35. Concluding ParagraphThe last sentence of the concluding paragraph isthe clincher, a technique used to encourage thereader to reflect upon the essay. Effective clinchertechniques include (but are not limited to)connecting with the introduction, asking arhetorical question (question for which no answeris expected or offering a suggestion.