Digital Natives vs Digital immigrants
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Digital Natives vs Digital immigrants






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Digital Natives vs Digital immigrants Digital Natives vs Digital immigrants Presentation Transcript

  • Digital Natives, Digital Inmigrants by Marc Prensky
  • New students N – Gen D – Gen Digital Natives “Native Speakers” of the digital language of computer, video games and the Internet.
  • Generations that grow up with new technologyComputers Video games Video camsDigital Music players Cell phonesComputer games Email The Internet Tools of the digital age
  • Today´s students are notlonger the people oureducational system wasdesigned to teach.
  • Digital technology Big discontinuity Singularity Radical changes
  • Digital InmigrantsPeople who were not born into the digital world, but who are fascinated by it and who have adopted some / most aspects the new technology.
  • A distinction their “accent” They always retain their “digital inmigrant accent” because they are learning a new language later inlife which goes into a different part ofthe brain.
  • Examples• Digital Natives • Digital immigrants• Turn to the Internet • Turn to the Internet for information in the in the second place first place • Read the manual for• A program teaches a program them how to use it • Print their emails or by using it have it print• Read emails on the • Print documents screen edit them in them• Edit documents on • Take people the screen physically to see• Send people a URL together an interesting website
  • Problem in educactionDigital immigrant instructors, whospeak the outdated language ofthe pre- digital age, are strugglingto teach a population that speaksan entirely ew language.
  • Digital Natives Think and process information differently from their predecessors Their thinking patterns ( and probably their brains ) have changed
  • Digital Natives- Receive information really fast- Prefer graphics before texts- Function best when networked- Prefer games to “serious” work- Have little patience for lectures,step-by-step logic- Have a library on their laptops- Used to the instantaneity of hypertext- Use instant messaging
  • Digital Inmigrants:tend to have littleappreciation for these newskills.
  • To confront this issue: It is necessary to reconsiderMethodology and Content In learning
  • Methodology Today´s teachers have to learn to communicate in the language and style of their students
  • Content Two kinds “Legacy” content “Future” content
  • “Legacy” content The “traditional” curriculum: reading, writing, arithmetic, logical thinking
  • “Future” content = Digital / technological content Software, hardware, robotics, genomics, etc PLUS ethics, politics, sociology, languages, etc
  • The result: “learning new stuff” and“learning new ways to do with old stuff”
  • Adapt materials to the language of Digital NativesEffortisneeded Invent Digital Native methodologies for all subjects, at all levels