Cs in elt


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Cs in elt

  1. 1. Cultural Studies in English Language Teaching An Overview H. H. Cindy Lee
  2. 2. Preface / 前言 <ul><li>本篇主要介紹自 1980 年代起 , 各國探討文化學習及跨文化溝通的主要理論概念 . </li></ul><ul><li>諸多理論千言萬語濃縮在僅十頁的篇幅中 , 雖盡量以深入淺出的方式呈現 , 但難免有遺珠之憾 . </li></ul><ul><li>若學員或讀者對內容有興趣 , 歡迎來信討論或索取本人已出版之相關研究論文 . </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contents <ul><li>1. The Meaning of Cultural Studies in ELT & The English Speaking Countries </li></ul><ul><li>2. Theories of Cultural Learning : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Theoretical Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-1 Inner Circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acculturation Model in SLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercultural Communication Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-2 Outer Circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World English Paradigm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pedagogy of Cultural Alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-3 Expanding Circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching English as an International Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective Approach of Cultural Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Questions </li></ul><ul><li>4. Recommendation & Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Meaning of Cultural Studies in ELT & The English Speaking Countries <ul><li>Cultural Studies in ELT - Cultural Learning in the English Classroom: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines pupils’ learning of cultural content whilst learning English as an additional language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicates that the culture taught and learned is not necessarily attached to any particular country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Similar concepts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Background Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>English Speaking Countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inner Circle: USA, UK, Canada, Australia.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outer Circle: India, Singapore, HK… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding Circle: Taiwan, Korea, Japan… </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Theories of Cultural Studies in ELT: A Theoretical Framework <ul><li>1970s – Schumann: Acculturation Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How a L2 speaker acculturates to the language community determines how the person acquires the second language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: A Costa Rican immigrant acquired American culture in the United States </li></ul></ul>Inner Circle (1) <ul><li>1980s – Brown: </li></ul><ul><li>Acculturation Process & TESOL </li></ul><ul><li>Excitement </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Tentative Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Full Recovery </li></ul>Instructional Help From The Language Teacher to overcome the process <Acculturation Process> <TESOL Solution>
  6. 6. Theories of Cultural Studies in ELT: A Theoretical Framework Inner Circle (2) <ul><li>1980s – Byram: </li></ul><ul><li>An Integrated Model for Cultural Learning in FLT </li></ul>Language Learning Cultural Experience Cultural Awareness Language Awareness Skill-oriented Socio-linguistic Knowledge Foreign Culture Focus Comparative Focus <ul><li>1990s – Byram: </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic Approach of Cultural Exchange in FLT </li></ul>
  7. 7. Theories of Cultural Studies in ELT: A Theoretical Framework Outer Circle <ul><li>1990s – Kachru & Nelson: World English Paradigm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>De-colonize the English language and appreciate other varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach pluralism of English </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990s – Pennycook: </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Pedagogy of Cultural Alternatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach a broad range of cultural representations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow learners to perceive the English language in a liberal way </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Theories of Cultural Studies in ELT: A Theoretical Framework Expanding Circle <ul><li>1980s – Smith: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Learning in TEIIL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach native speakers ‘new literatures’; the varieties of the English language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach non-native speakers ‘different’ cultures and what in need </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2000s – McKay: </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective Approach of Cultural Learning in TEIIL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach cross-cultural pragmatic rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect learners’ local culture and the culture of their learning style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate learners to reflect their own culture whilst learning another </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>What is the optimal way of teaching and learning cultural content and intercultural understanding for the Expanding Circle Countries? </li></ul><ul><li>How can English be taught and learned as an International Language with appropriate cultural content effectively? </li></ul>Questions
  10. 10. <ul><li>Identify the dimensions of cultural learning in the English classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Create appropriate activities or syllabus for teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate how pupils’ learning of culture reflects English taught and learned as an International Language (EIL) </li></ul>Recommendations For Practice
  11. 11.  The Meaning of Cultural Studies in ELT:  Cultural Learning in Practice: Area Studies Culture Learning Cultural Learning Background Studies <ul><li>Inner Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Learning The Target Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Acculturation Model </li></ul><ul><li>ICC Model </li></ul><ul><li>Outer Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Varieties </li></ul><ul><li>World English Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Learning in TEIL </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal Access to International Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective Approach </li></ul> The Future of Cultural Learning in EIL Classroom… Conclusion Inner Outer Expanding
  12. 12. Gateway 1 Thank You!! Your questions and comments are welcome!! END