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Linking and action verbs (Mariam)
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Linking and action verbs (Mariam)

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  • 1. Linking Verbs and Action Verbs
  • 2. Verbs  A verb is a word used to express action or a state of being. Categories: 1) Helping or main verbs 2) Main verbs are either action or linking verbs 3) Action verbs are either transitive or intransitive 
  • 3. Helping Verbs  Helping verbs exist ONLY in a verb phrase and are ANY and ALL of the verbs that come BEFORE the main verb and “help” the main verb to make sense.
  • 4. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs  Only an action verb can be labeled transitive or intransitive.  An action verb is transitive only if it has a direct object after it: Tim sang a song.  An action verb is intransitive if it has no direct object after it: Tim sang loudly.
  • 5. Linking Verbs  A linking verb connects the subject to a word or word group that renames or describes the subject.
  • 6. Examples  The apple looks rotten.  “Looks” links the subject (apple) to the adjective (rotten): rotten = apple  John is one of the great scientists in our area.  “Is” links the subject (John) to the adjective (one): John = one  The flowers smell good.  “Smell” links the subject (flowers) to the adjective (good): flowers = good
  • 7. Linking Verbs  To find out if a verb is an action or linking verb substitute a form of be in for the verb. If the sentence still makes sense, it is usually a linking verb. If the sentence doesn’t make sense, it is usually an action verb.  Example: The ice cream tastes delicious.  Substitute a form of be: The ice cream is delicious.  Example: She tasted the ice cream.  Substitute a form of be: She is the ice cream. * {Forms of be and seem are always linking verbs.}
  • 8. Commonly Used Linking Verbs  Forms of Be: am be being was are been is were  Other Linking Verbs: appear grow seem stay become look smell taste feel sound turn remain
  • 9. Action vs. Linking Verbs  An action verb is a verb that expresses either physical or mental activity.
  • 10. Action vs. Linking Verb Examples  Joe plays baseball. Joe is baseball. (the sentence does not make sense …plays is an action verb )  The roses look pretty.  The roses are pretty. (the sentence makes sense, so it is a linking verb)  When a verb is a linking verb, you can tell because the predicate noun or predicate adjective that follows it renames or describes the subject.
  • 11. Practice What are the linking verbs in the following sentences and what do they connect?  The spectacular ocean appears calm today.  The Wright Brothers are famous for inventing the plane.
  • 12. More Practice  The music sounds catchy.  The music sounds catchy.  The park seems crowded.  The park seems crowded.
  • 13. Even More Practice  Jerry tasted the banana split.  Action verb  The banana split is tasty.  Linking verb  Jerry then traveled to the park.  Action verb  The park looks pretty.  Linking verb