G lory, G od and G old Voyages and Adventures A merica 1500
Henr t Na igaor y he v t To bring Portugal more trade and power and to spread Christianity, this prince sponsored expeditions beyond the safety of the Mediterranean. Glory, God or Gold?
Beyond DakestA ica r fr The Portuguese yearned to find a sea route to India to thwart Arab “middlemen” who controlled overland routes, keeping prices of pepper and other spices high by keeping supplies low. Glory, God or Gold?
Bat omeu Dia rhol sA fierce, 13 day stormblew his ship off courserounding the tip ofAfrica. He only realizedhow far he had gonewhen the skies cleared. Why do you think the cape he rounded (though he never saw it) was named “The Cape of Good Hope”? Glory, God or Gold?
V sco daG ma a aIn his first voyage, da Gamamanaged to reach Calicut inIndia (his goal) and sailhome.The ruler of Calicut,(Samuri) welcomed daGama: “The devil take ye!”and was scornful da Gamahad not brought valuablepresents.
DaG ma Second Tip a ’s r Da Gama left better prepared the second time, with 14 well armed ships instead of two. Priests and religious processions sent him off with blessings. But he didn’t bring gifts:He demanded surrender of all valuables from aship filled with 380 Muslim pilgrims. Whenthey delayed he took the valuables—22,000ducats worth—then burned the ship andeveryone on it. At Calicut, he seized a fishermen and traders in the harbor, hanged them, cut up their bodies, and sent the hands, feet, and heads to the haughty Samuri. He left 5 ships of soldiers to secure the trading city.Glory, God or Gold?
Chr opherCol ist umbusStrengths:• Belief in self and abilities• Faith in his idea of reaching the Indies and China by sailing West• Abilities as a sailor• LuckWeaknesses:• Belief in self and abilities— made him arrogant and cruel to crew and natives• Faith in his idea of reaching the Indies and China by sailing West—made him foolhardy in holding to the idea he’d reached the Indies.
F stV ge: Discov y ir oya er• Crew: 87, 84 Andalucian • Failures: didn’t really find sailors. Only 4 criminals the Indies or China; didn’t seeking pardons find the riches expected• Problems: superstitions of • Successes: found new lands crew (sea monsters, fall off edge of world)—Columbus for Spain, found western and disciplined severely, eastern routes that took full minimized distances (falsely) advantage of prevailing so they wouldn’t know how currents and winds far they’d gone.
Second V ge: W oya hoops!17 ships with 1200 men (6 300 died of disease. A hurricaneof them priests to convert destroyed all of the ships. Patchingthe “Indians”) set out to together two ships from the scraps,find Indies spices and gold Columbus limped home in disgrace.
T d V ge: W 2 hir oya hoops Natives turned unfriendly andWith 6 Ships, few volunteers forced them to leave. Shipsand many convicts, Columbus wormy and food rotten, butset out to redeem himself. colonists wouldn’t help andFirst hope—Natives brought Indians refused them food. AfterColumbus and his crew gold word of Indian killings reachednuggets to trade at Hispaniola the monarchs, Columbus and his brother were brought back to Spain in chains.
F t V ge: Defea ourh oya tPrivately funded, not patroned Although he sailed alongby Ferdinand and Isabella, the coast of SouthColumbus was still “Admiral,” America, he found nobut had no governing powers riches, nor traces of theover colonists. Indies or China and returned to Spain defeated. Glory, God or Gold?
F dina M gela er nd a l nInspired by a friend whowas both astrologer andcartographer, Magellandetermined he couldcircumnavigate the globe..Spurned by his nativePortugal, he gainedfunding and patronagefrom Spain.He set out to accomplishColumbus’ goal, to reachthe Indies and China bysailing West
M gela V ge a l n’s oyaAlthough the voyage is attributed to Magellan, he did not succeed inthe circumnavigating globe. He was killed on the island of Mactan.
Obstacles & Problems Magellan and his crew suffered all of the following as he searched for a western sea passage around South America:• Finding many places along • Combating the mutiny of the coast that looked like sea three out of his five ships. To passages that were just bays quell it, he had to kill the and inlets captain of one of the ships,• Running out of food and then block passage of the supplies. He thought he had other two. supplies for two years. His • Meeting greedy natives who suppliers in Spain swarmed over his ships and fraudulently gave him six took everything that wasn’t months worth. (He and the nailed down. crew ate fresh fish and game, • Navigating through one of the rats and wormy biscuits, most treacherous passages of even, oxhide bindings, and rock-lined water in the world: drank water contaminated the strait named for him. with rat urine.
M gela Deah a l n’s t On an island in the Philippines, a native chieftain pretended to be Christian to enlist Magellan’s aid to fight a neighboring chieftain.Once on the island, Magellan was attacked by thechief and his men. He was repeatedly wounded bynatives armed with poisoned arrows, spears andscimitars. He could have retreated and saved himself,but covered his fleeing men, fighting while the restrowed back to the ships.
Concl t V ge uding he oya One by one the ships The total time of the fell apart. voyage was 12 days The Portuguese less than three years. imprisoned some of As penitence, the 18 the men in islands survivors walked near Spain barefoot carrying Only 18 of the 250 candles to the shrine men landed back at of the Virgin Mary. Seville. Glory, God or Gold?