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Relief Relief Presentation Transcript

  • What are landforms?
    • Landforms are the natural shapes or features.
    • There are many different types of landforms found on the earth.
  • Main Landforms
  • mountain
    • A mountain is a place on Earth’s surface that is much higher than the land around it.
  • mountain range a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains
  • hill
    • A hill is land that rises above the land around it.
    • A hill has a rounded top.
  • volcano a cone shaped mountain formed out of rock or ash thrown up from inside the earth, frequently with an opening or depression at the top
  • basin an area of land largely enclosed by higher land.
  • valley
    • A valley is a lowland area between higher lands such as mountains.
  • canyon
    • A canyon is a deep valley with very steep sides.
  • plain
    • A plain is a flat area on Earth’s surface.
  • plateau
    • A plateau is a flat area higher than the land around it.
  • lake
    • A lake is water that is completely surrounded by land.
  • coast
    • A coast is the area where the ocean touches the land.
  • continental shelf plateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater
  • peninsula piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water
  • isthmus narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger pieces of land
  • strait a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
  • cliff a high, steep slope of rock or soil
  • delta land built up by deposits of sand and silt at the mouth of some rivers
  • fjord a narrow inlet of the sea between high banks or cliffs created by glaciers
  • cape a curved or hooked piece of land extending into a body of water
  • gulf part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay
  • bay part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf
  • island
    • An island is land that is completely surrounded by water.
  • archipelago a group of many islands
  • ocean
    • Oceans are the largest bodies of water on earth.
  • sea a large body of water, usually salt water, partly or completely surrounded by land
  • river
    • A river is a long flowing body of water.
  • source the place where a river or stream begins
  • waterfall place where running water makes a sheer drop, usually over a cliff
  • branch a river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream
  • mouth place where a river empties into a larger body of water; the end of a river
  • altitude the height above sea level
  • canal a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigate
  • one of the six largest bodies of land on earth
  • glacier a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it through displacement
  • hemisphere half of the earth usually referred to as eastern or western; northern or southern
  • iceberg a large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this is underwater