1º ESO. Greek mythology


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1º ESO. Greek mythology

  1. 1. Greek Mythology<br />
  2. 2. Greek Mythology<br />The Greeks were politheistic. That means that they had many gods.<br />They lived in a polis, which we now call a city.<br />In each polis, people had their own god who protected them.<br />
  3. 3. Characteristics of Greek Gods<br />They lived on Mount Olympus.<br />They were immortal. That means that they could live forever.<br />They looked like humans.<br />They ate, loved and fought amongst themselves like human beings.<br />
  4. 4. Checkpoint: Exercises<br />Give a noun from the following definitions:<br />“Religion that has many gods”.<br />“Tale about gods”.<br />“Son of a god and a human being”.<br />Search the internet for a picture of a cyclops and a picture of a centaur.<br />
  5. 5. Main Greek Gods:<br />Zeus<br />He is the most important god.<br />He is the god of the sky and lightening.<br />He can transform into lightening,a bald eagle and an oak tree.<br />He had a lot of children from many women.<br />
  6. 6. Hera<br />She is Zeus' wife.<br />She is the goddess of women and marriage.<br />She is related to the cow and the peacock.<br />
  7. 7. Hephaestus<br />He is Zeus and Hera's son.<br />He is the god of fire.<br />He is related to blacksmiths.<br />He is represented as being very ugly and lame.<br />
  8. 8. Athena<br />She was born from Zeus' head.<br />She is the goddess of knowledge, strategy and fair warfare.<br />She is the patroness of Athens.<br />She is related to the olive-tree.<br />
  9. 9. Apollo<br />He is Zeus' son with Leto.<br />He is the god of light and sun, in addition to music and the arts.<br />He has a twin sister, Artemisa.<br />
  10. 10. Artemis<br />She is Zeus and Leto's daughter and Apollo's twin sister.<br />She is the goddess of hunting and chastity.<br />She is represented with a bow and arrows.<br />
  11. 11. Ares<br />He is Zeus and Hera's son.<br />He is the god of war.<br />He is the opposite of his half-sister, Atenea, because he represents violence.<br />
  12. 12. Aphrodite<br />She was born in the sea.<br />She is the goddess of love and beauty.<br />She is associated with the sea, dolphins, apples and roses among other things.<br />
  13. 13. Hestia<br />She is the eldest daughter of the Titans Chronos and Rhea.<br />She is the goddess of the home.<br />She rarely left Mount Olympus and didn't talk with any gods.<br />
  14. 14. Hermes<br />He is Zeus and Maya's son.<br />He is the messenger god.<br />He is related to travelers, sports and commerce.<br />
  15. 15. Demeter<br />She is Zeus' elder sister.<br />She is the goddess of agriculture.<br />Moreover, she protected the instituton of marriage and the circle of life and death.<br />
  16. 16. Poseidon<br />He is the son of the Titans Chronos and Rhea and Zeus' brother.<br />He is the god of the sea.<br />
  17. 17. Hades<br />He is the son of the Titans Chronos and Rhea and Zeus' brother.<br />He is the god of Hell.<br />
  18. 18. Dionysus<br />He is Zeus' son.<br />He is the god of wine and feasts.<br />
  19. 19. Check point: exercises<br />What God would you worship? Why?<br />Do you think that the Greeks were religious people? Why? Why not?<br />
  20. 20. The Heroes<br />They were sons of gods but also human beings.<br />They were mortals, but very powerful.<br />They were considered the founders of cities.<br />Some of their names were Achilles, Ulysses and Hercules.<br />
  21. 21. Other fantastic creatures<br />Cyclops: They were monsters with only one eye. The most famous is Polyphemus, who was defeated by Hercules.<br />Centaurs: They were half horses, half human beings. They were very strong and fought in many battles.<br />
  22. 22. Religious Celebrations<br />The temple was the house of the gods.<br />The offerings that pepople gave were food and things that the gods used.<br />The oracles were messengers from the gods to the people. People wanted to know the gods' opinions because the gods could help or hurt human beings.<br />The Delphic Oracle was the most famous oracle.<br />The phrophets were the people who interpreted the messages from the oracles.<br />
  23. 23. Places of worship<br />The Houses: Each family had a little altar dedicated to Hestia (the goddess of the home) and to their dead family members.<br />The City: Priests and magistrates directed the celebrations and everybody participed in the offers, processions and animal sacrifices.<br />The sanctuaries: They organized theatre plays and sports. The most famous was the Olympic games.<br />
  24. 24. The Olympic Games<br />They were celebrated in the city of Olympia.<br />They were in Zeus' honour and were celebrated every four years.<br /> People from all of the Greek cities competed.<br />When they were at war, it was declared a truce in order to go to the games.<br />
  25. 25. The Olympic Games<br />The Games lasted seven days:<br />The First: Was dedicated to religious worship.<br />The following five days: People competed in different sports: races, discussions, javelin throws, long jumps,etc...<br />The last day: They gave out the prizes and gave thanks to Zeus.<br />Every man could come to these feasts; even strangers and slaves. However, women were not allowed to enter.<br />
  26. 26. QUADRIGA RACES<br />It was a carriage drawn by four horses.<br />RACES<br />Greek athletes competed naked.<br />
  27. 27. Check point: Exercises<br />#1 Which of the following was NOT a child of Zeus?<br />Hercules<br />Ares<br />Jason<br />Perseus<br />#2 What is the name of Hestia's mother?<br />Hera<br />Rhea<br />Gaea<br />Demeter<br />
  28. 28. #3 Who was Polyphemus?<br />a shepherd<br />a cyclops<br />son of Poseidon<br />all of the above<br />Pick your favorite hero. Write and answer at least 5 different “Wh” questions and some “yes” and “no” questions about your hero.<br />