Oliver Cromwell <br />By Cristina Campos Carballo<br />2º ESO A, 2010-2011<br />Instituto español V. Cañada Blanch <br />Londres <br />
Life <br />He was born at Cromwell House in Huntingdon on 25th April 1599.<br />Robert Cromwell (father)Elizabeth Cromwell (mother)<br />Elizabeth Bourchier (Wife)<br />Children: <br />Robert, <br />Oliver, <br />Bridget, <br />Richard, Lord Protector Henry Cromwell, Lord Deputy of Ireland, <br />Elizabeth, <br />Mary and <br />Frances <br />
Military commander: 1642–46 <br /><ul><li>In the battle of Marston Moor in July 1664</li></ul>he was the lieutenant general of horse <br /><ul><li>In 1645 Parliament passed the Self-Denying Ordinance. This forced members of parliament to choose between civil office and military command. All of them, except for Cromwell, chose to renounce their military positions.
The Ordinance also decreed that the army be "remodelled" on a national basis, replacing the old county associations; Cromwell contributed significantly to these military reforms. </li></li></ul><li>Cromwell's military style<br />Cromwell had no formal training in military tactics, and followed the common practice of ranging his cavalry in three ranks and pressing forward. This method relied on impact rather than firepower.<br />His strengths were in an instinctive ability to lead and train his men, and in his moral authority. In a war fought mostly by amateurs, these strengths were significant and are likely to have contributed to the discipline of his cavalry.<br />
Establishment of the Commonwealth: 1649 <br />IN 1650 Oliver Cromwell became lord protector of England and Ireland until the 3rdSeptember 1658 <br />