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What is a melanoma
 

What is a melanoma

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    What is a melanoma What is a melanoma Presentation Transcript

    • What is a melanoma? What is melanoma and what it does to you.
    • What is melanoma?
      • Melanoma is a serious and risky type of skin cancer that is an unusual growth on skin cell called melanocytes.
      • Melanocyte:
      • melanin-producing
      • cells located
      • in the bottom layer
      • of the skin's epidermis.
    • Can anyone get melanoma?
      • People of all races and ethnicities can get melanoma, but individuals with light-colored hair, eyes and skin have a higher risk. Anyone can get melanoma.
      • The rick of melanoma goes up by age.
      • It tends to develop earlier in life than any other cancer.
      • 57 is the most common age to get diagnosis
      • Although melanoma is more likely to occur in older people, this is a cancer that is also found in younger people. In fact, melanoma is one of the most common cancers in people younger than 30.   
    • Signs of melanoma
      • Some signs of melanoma is the size of the mole or if its different from the other mole, like its color, Half of the mole does not look like the other half, shape, The edges of the mole are uneven, ragged, or notched
    • What cause’s melanoma?
      • Melanoma is cause by tanning outdoors, using tanning beds, and sitting under sun lamps.
      • So if you tan then you should stop because you can get melanoma which is not good 
      • SAY NO TO
      • TANNING
      • BEDS!
    • How common is melanoma?
      • Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, but it is not the most common. Basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers occur more often than melanoma, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation.
      • In the United States, men have a higher rate of melanoma than women.
    • Symptoms of melanoma
      • Some symptoms are:
          • Itch
            • Bleed
              • Feel plain
        • The main symptoms of melanoma is an unusual mole.
      • It changes in size, shape, or color
      • The mole is not evenly colored.
      • The mole has different shades of tan, brown, or black and may have patches of red, blue, or white
      • The mole is wider than a quarter of an inch – about the width of a pencil eraser
    • How can you prevent melanoma
      • Protect your skin from the sun
      • Wear a hat
      • Use sunscreen
      • Wear sunglasses
      • Seek shade
      • Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps
    • Cause’s and risk factors
      • Most scientists agree that these things affect the risk of melanoma. Some may apply to you, but others may not.
      • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a major risk factor for most melanomas
      Sunlight is the main source of UV radiation
    • Sources and standards
      • http://www.aad.org/skin-conditions/dermatology-a-to-z/melanoma/signs-symptoms
      • http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/DetailedGuide/melanoma-skin-cancer-risk-factors
      • http://www.myhealthnewsdaily.com/225-uv-rays-increase-melanoma-skin-cancer-risk.html
      • http://www.yourdiseaserisk.wustl.edu/hccpquiz.pl?lang=english&func=show&quiz=melanoma&page=fact_sheet#q7
      • 4c Students know how mutations in the DNA sequence of a gene may or may not affect the expression of the gene, or the sequence of amino acids in an encoded protein.
      • 4d Students know how specialization of cells in multicellular organisms is usually due to different patterns of gene expression rather than to differences in the genes themselves.