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Do mutations affect the people with diabetes
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Do mutations affect the people with diabetes

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  • 1. Do mutations affect the people with diabetes?
  • 2. Who gets diabetes?
    • By the age of 20 most adults get diabetes, mostly children.
    • 7.1% white
    • 8.4% Asian Americans
    • 12.6% black
    • 11.8% Hispanics
    • Hispanics:
    • 7.6% Cubans
    • 13.3% Mexican American
    • 13.8% Puerto Rico
    • Women:
    • 12.6 million or 10.8% of all women aged
    • 20 years old or older have diabetes.
    • Men: 13,0 million or 11.8% of all man aged
    • 20 years old mean or older have diabetes
  • 3.
    • Diabetes leads to kidney disease
    • 20-74 years old can get blind if they have diabetes
    • Most diabetes have 67% of high blood pressure
    • Diabetes can cause heart disease and strokes
    • Diabetes leads up to 231,404 deaths
  • 4. Symptoms
    • Excessive thirst and appetite
    • Unusual weight loss or gain
    • Nausea, perhaps vomiting
    • In women, frequent vaginal infections
    • In men and women, yeast infections
    • Dry mouth
    • Slow-healing sores or cuts
    • Itching skin, especially in the groin or vaginal area
  • 5. Three main types of diabetes
    • Diabetes Type 1 - You produce no insulin at all.
    • Diabetes Type 2 - You don't produce enough insulin, or your insulin is not working properly.
    • Gestational Diabetes - You develop diabetes just during your pregnancy.
    Type 2 Type 1 Gestational diabetes
  • 6. Different types of mutation
    • Point mutation
    • frame-shrift mutation
    • Deletion
    • Insertion
    • Inversion
  • 7. Point mutation
    • point mutation:
    • “simple change in base”
    • Just changing “one letter”
  • 8. Frame-shift mutation
    • More “letters” are interested or deleted just changing one “letter” changes the whole message.
    • It can replace or delete or mix the words
  • 9. Deletion
    • DNA missing can cause frame-shift mutation. It can get rid of one “word” or the whole thing
  • 10. Insertions
    • Extra DNA can cause frame-shift mutation and general result in a nonfunctional protein.
  • 11. Inversion
    • DNA that is reversed
    • Small inversion may occur in a few places with a gene
    • A longer inversions occur in a chromosome
  • 12. fun fact and source
    • yes, mutation do affect people with diabetes. Mutations creates a disease that can kill you.
    • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/
    • http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/understanding-diabetes-symptoms
    • http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?loc=DropDownDB-type1
    • http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/diabetes/overview.html

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