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Do mutations affect the people with diabetes?
Who gets diabetes? <ul><li>By the age of 20 most adults get diabetes, mostly children.  </li></ul><ul><li>7.1% white </li>...
<ul><li>Diabetes leads to kidney disease </li></ul><ul><li>20-74 years old can get blind if they have diabetes </li></ul><...
Symptoms <ul><li>Excessive thirst and appetite  </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual weight loss or gain  </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea, p...
Three main types of diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes Type 1 - You produce no insulin at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes Type 2 - ...
Different types of mutation <ul><li>Point mutation </li></ul><ul><li>frame-shrift mutation </li></ul><ul><li>Deletion </li...
Point mutation <ul><li>point mutation: </li></ul><ul><li>“simple change in base” </li></ul><ul><li>Just changing  “one let...
Frame-shift mutation  <ul><li>More “letters” are interested or deleted just changing one “letter” changes the whole messag...
Deletion  <ul><li>DNA missing can cause frame-shift mutation. It can get rid of one “word” or the whole thing </li></ul>
Insertions  <ul><li>Extra DNA can cause frame-shift mutation and general result in a nonfunctional protein. </li></ul>
Inversion  <ul><li>DNA that is reversed </li></ul><ul><li>Small inversion may occur in a few places with a gene </li></ul>...
fun fact and source  <ul><li>yes, mutation do affect people with diabetes. Mutations creates a disease  that can kill you....
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Do mutations affect the people with diabetes

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Transcript of "Do mutations affect the people with diabetes"

  1. 1. Do mutations affect the people with diabetes?
  2. 2. Who gets diabetes? <ul><li>By the age of 20 most adults get diabetes, mostly children. </li></ul><ul><li>7.1% white </li></ul><ul><li>8.4% Asian Americans </li></ul><ul><li>12.6% black </li></ul><ul><li>11.8% Hispanics </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanics: </li></ul><ul><li>7.6% Cubans </li></ul><ul><li>13.3% Mexican American </li></ul><ul><li>13.8% Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>Women: </li></ul><ul><li>12.6 million or 10.8% of all women aged </li></ul><ul><li>20 years old or older have diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Men: 13,0 million or 11.8% of all man aged </li></ul><ul><li>20 years old mean or older have diabetes </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Diabetes leads to kidney disease </li></ul><ul><li>20-74 years old can get blind if they have diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Most diabetes have 67% of high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes can cause heart disease and strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes leads up to 231,404 deaths </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symptoms <ul><li>Excessive thirst and appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual weight loss or gain </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea, perhaps vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>In women, frequent vaginal infections </li></ul><ul><li>In men and women, yeast infections </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Slow-healing sores or cuts </li></ul><ul><li>Itching skin, especially in the groin or vaginal area </li></ul>
  5. 5. Three main types of diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes Type 1 - You produce no insulin at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes Type 2 - You don't produce enough insulin, or your insulin is not working properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational Diabetes - You develop diabetes just during your pregnancy. </li></ul>Type 2 Type 1 Gestational diabetes
  6. 6. Different types of mutation <ul><li>Point mutation </li></ul><ul><li>frame-shrift mutation </li></ul><ul><li>Deletion </li></ul><ul><li>Insertion </li></ul><ul><li>Inversion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Point mutation <ul><li>point mutation: </li></ul><ul><li>“simple change in base” </li></ul><ul><li>Just changing “one letter” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Frame-shift mutation <ul><li>More “letters” are interested or deleted just changing one “letter” changes the whole message. </li></ul><ul><li>It can replace or delete or mix the words </li></ul>
  9. 9. Deletion <ul><li>DNA missing can cause frame-shift mutation. It can get rid of one “word” or the whole thing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Insertions <ul><li>Extra DNA can cause frame-shift mutation and general result in a nonfunctional protein. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Inversion <ul><li>DNA that is reversed </li></ul><ul><li>Small inversion may occur in a few places with a gene </li></ul><ul><li>A longer inversions occur in a chromosome </li></ul>
  12. 12. fun fact and source <ul><li>yes, mutation do affect people with diabetes. Mutations creates a disease that can kill you. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://diabetes.webmd.com/guide/understanding-diabetes-symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?loc=DropDownDB-type1 </li></ul><ul><li>http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/diabetes/overview.html </li></ul>
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