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Our  country.hungary
 

Our country.hungary

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    Our  country.hungary Our country.hungary Presentation Transcript

    • The national emblems took shape over thecourse of centuries. Their usage dates back to the early medieval period.
    • A unique tradition took place in Hungary: only those who are crowned with the Holy Crown of Hungary could be the consecrated king of the country
    • The painter Árpád Feszty’s gigantic work of art „The Hungarian Conquest” is exhibited in the National Historical Memorial Park of Ópusztaszer. It wasconsidered to be the main attraction of the millenial exhibition in London
    • The Hungarian Parliament The Hungarian Parliament is a source of national pride and the symbol of state, as well as one of the largest and most beautiful buildings in Budapest. It was built between 1885 and 1904, designed by the architect Imre Steindl. The National Assembly meets here.
    • It’s often compared to Versailles. The period of 1768-90 can be considerd as the golden days of the princely residence. The master of the mansion was a generouspatron of culture. Joseph Haydn was the most famousartist who lived and worked here for almost 30 years. The mansion has got 126 rooms with lavish interior.
    • This is the third largest church in Europe following St Peter’s Cathedral in Rome and St Paul’s Cathedral in London and also the tallest building in Hungary. Thecountry’s first king, Saint Stephen I was crowned here at the turn of the years 1000-1001.
    • Hungary’s largest Calvinist Church. The central nave of the Great Church is 55 metres in length and 15 metres wide. Hungary’s independence was declared in this church on the14th April 1849 and Lajos Kossuth was chosen as the country’s Governor-President within the walls of the church.
    • The church is a most magnificent feature of the 20thcentury Hungarian ecclesiastical architecture and the fourth largest church in the country. It has a capacity of fivethousand people. There is an open-air theatre festival every year on the large square in front of the cathedral.
    • A handful group of poorly equipped, yet fanatically devoted defenders led by Captain István Dobó resistedthe overwhelming superiorityof the Turkish attacking forces for 38 days in 1552. In the end, due to its severe losses, the Turkish host disgracefully retreated under the cover of the night. Géza Gárdonyi’s novel, Stars of Eger, recordsthe heroic story of the Castle of Eger and its defenders.
    • Hollókő authentically preserves the image and traditions of a Palóc village; some of its protected buildings are still inhabited. The ancient, protected part of the village has been a World Heritage Site since 1987. The village’s tiny, shingled roof church dates back to 1889 and was built from public donations.
    • This region is one of the most beautiful landscapes inHungary. The land is dotted with a number of picturesque historical settlements, like Visegrád, Esztergom and Szentendre.
    • The traditional folk attire of the Hungarians refers to the dresses worn by the peasant classes. Although the tendencies vary from region to region the trained eye canread a person’s life from their clothing. Every single region of Hungary has its own characterisitc outfit – Matyóföld, Kalocsa, Sárkör, Karcag or Kazár.
    • Hungarians have always been a horse – riding nation. Szilvásvárad has a world- renowned and recordedbreed of Lipica horses. Apart from breeding, Hungarian stock also has a worldwide reputation in the field of competition.
    • The handmade articles were all crafted with a specific task in mind: the earthware was used to cook and store food,the clothes were designed to keep people warm, the whips cracked in the air.
    • Numerous branches of craftmanship have developed over the ages, but are all down to earth, simple andpractical. Peasant craftmanship is the pure source of inspiration: simple, robust and natural.
    • Violin Sheperd’s pipe Dulcimer In the history of folk instruments there are two distinctive paths of development: those of brilliantly simple instruments (reed and jug pipes) or extremely intricate devices, whichZither require great skill and proficiency .
    • The lacework of Kiskunhalas won the Grand Prix at the1937 World Fair in Paris – defeating the renowned laceworkof Brussels – and is thus rightly considered to be one of the most beautiful examples of lacework in the world. Lacework was originally the art of royal courts.
    • Matyó Karádi Mezőségi Canvas embroidery originates from countrywomen. Theembroidery of the region of Kalocsa encompassed a range of fantastic colours and a rich conglomerate of shapes.
    • Drávaszögi Torockói Vásárhelyi Turai Sióagárdi
    • This is the largest alkaline plain in Europe, the most prominent natural wonder of Hungary. The region is home to theHungarian Grey Cattle and the Racka sheep. The longest stone bridge in Hungary, The Nine – Arch Bridge became a World Heritage Site in 1999.
    • Lake Balaton or as we call it the Hungarian Sea is the largest lake in Europe. The water is shallow, the average depth is 3 -5 metres. It has been a fashionable bathingresort since the 19th century. A growing number of tourists discover the hidden treasures of the lakeshore: Tihany, Badacsony and Szigliget.
    • It is one of the greatest rivers in Central Europe with over 600 kilometres in Hungary. The regulation of the river began in 1846 on the initiative of István Széchenyi. The ‘flowering’ of theTisza is a unique natural wonder:the yearly swarming of may – flies is an unforgettable sight.
    • The capricious river is also a serious danger. Floods are quite common and the huge mass of water sometimescauses breaches in the dike, destroying lives and homes .
    • He won the Nobel Prize inPhysiology and medicine in 1937.He discovered vitamin C and its effects. The ascorbic acid required for his experiements Albert Szent-Györgyi was taken from the greenpeppers of Szeged allowing him to cure scorbutic guinea pigs.
    • In 1971 he won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his inventioin and development of theholographic method. He worked in Germany and Hungary andthen settled in England in 1934, where he became a renowned researcher.
    • The musical pieces and educational works of the composer and musicologist,Zoltán Kodály, make him one of the most significant figures of classical music.The so called Kodály Method named after him is used in numerous countries in the world to teach music to children. The basis of this method is to use singing, solmization and reading sheet music strating from very early age. .
    • He is one of the greatest composers and pianists ofthe 20th century. His works were unique in the way heutilized certain elements of traditional folk music and the motifs of folk songs, which he collected and researched himself. His works: Bluebeard’s Castleand the Wooden Prince. He was a teacher at Columbia University .
    • In 1870, from an early orphaned carpenters apprentice and vagabond . painter , he quickly became a well- known painter, after he won the Gold Medal of the Paris Salon with his painting ‘The Last Day of a Condemned Man’. He became ‘thegreatest Hungarian painter’ by virtue ofhis large, religious paintings, referred to as the Trilogy: Ecce homo, Christ before Pilate and Golgotha.
    • The most successful invention of the architect Ernő Rubik was the spatial, logical puzzle in 1976, known as ‘MagicCube’ or ‘Rubik’s Cube’. In 1980 they sold over one million of it in Hungary alone. It’s difficult to solve the puzzle,which requires skill, spatial sense and patience. Nowadays Mr. Rubik developes game softwares.
    • Timeless figure of Hunfgarianfilm art and a maker of valuablefilms. His film, Mephisto won an Oscar in 1982. His directingskills have gained him over thirty awards in various film festivals over the world. Some of his films: The Age of Illusions, Lovefilm, Confidence, Meeting Venus or Taking Sides and Sunshine.
    • The greatest physician of the 20th century was born in Budapest but he left Hungary at the age of 18 andemigrated to the United States in 1934. In the cold waryears, he played a key role in developing the hydrogenbomb as well as focusing on the peaceful use of atomic energy.
    • The traditional, aristic work of the 100-Member Gypsy Orchestra is a highly unique, unparalleled cultural asset.The orchestra mainly consists of Roma musicians, who play both classical and traditional Hungarian gypsy music. Their performance at the opening ceremony of the 1998 Lisbon World Exhibition was memorable.
    • Our county’s most famous musician came from a gypsy family. He plays both gypsy and classical music on theviolin. He gives concerts all over the world for the most prominent people – presidents, kings and royal families.
    • The best known Hungarianfootball player ever. His shotswere indefensible. He led the Mighty Magyars to victory asthe captain of the Hungarian league between 1950 and 1954. They played 32 consecutive matches withoutever losing a game. The most memorable fray was the match with England in 1953 at Wembley Stadium: The Hungarian boys beat the English team 6 – 3.
    • As an amateur, he won three olympic titles. His career was ruined by politics: although he was supported for a while, in the crucial moment he wasn’t allowed to compete forthe World Championship title. He turned his back on fame and fortune and returned to his home country.
    • Krisztina Egerszegi is the best Hungarian female swimmer and the youngest Olympic champion. She won fiveOlympic gold medals. The fourteen year old girl became anOlympic champion in Seoul and she came home with three gold medals from Barcelona. Nowadays she is more proud of her three children.
    • The best female player in chess history, the onlywoman to achieve the title ofa grandmaster. She managed to defeat her arch rival, Kasparov, in 2002. After giving birth to her childrenshe didn’t give up chess, she still possesses a well- established prestige.
    • Water-polo means just as much to Hungarians as football means to Brazilians or basketball to Americans: no othercountry in the world has gained the kind of achievements in this sport that Hungary has. The team’s major figuresinclude: Tibor Benedek, Péter Biros, Tamás Kásás, Gergely Kiss, Zoltán Szécsi, Dezső Gyarmati.
    • There’s a legend surrounding the establishment of this sport: an army messenger had to get a message across enemy lines to the other side of the river. He started on horseback, yet was soon spoted by the enemy, so he cut his way through with a rifle and a sword. His horse wasshot, so he swam across the river and continue his journey on foot, running.
    • Rita Kőbán, Katalin Kovács orNatasa Janics have done much to popularise the sport with their amazing achievementsand multiple Olympic medals.
    • Gulyás Stuffed cabbageMeat pancake of Hortobágy Meat soup
    • Strudel Lángos – fried dough The secret of the internationalreputation of Hungarian cuisine is that nothing is set in stone. It is still being shaped, creatively combining thetraditions of other nationalities. Rich soups, delicious main courses and desserts canplease the most fussy stomach, taste or demand. Dobos cake
    • Tokaj, Villány and Eger are important wine regions in Hungary. Among the different types of wines, which varyfrom region to region, everyone can find the most suitable. Cheers! - Egészségedre!