Evolution And Taxonomy.Ppt Practical Student
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Evolution And Taxonomy.Ppt Practical Student

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basic power point covering intro to evolution and taxonomy for lst year high school biology students

basic power point covering intro to evolution and taxonomy for lst year high school biology students

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Evolution And Taxonomy.Ppt Practical Student Evolution And Taxonomy.Ppt Practical Student Presentation Transcript

  • Evolution _________________________________________________________________________________
  • Charles Darwin
    • Set sail in 1831, on a ship called ________________. Spent much of his time studying the _____________________; a chain of islands off the western coast of South America
    • He was a 22 year old graduate student at the time
    • Darwin concluded after studying plants and animals that had been cut off from the mainland that the _________________ shaped how an organism developed
  • Two Main Points
    • 1. ____________________________________:
    • As organisms lived they accumulated modifications or adaptations to fit their environments
    • 2. ___________________________________:
    • Organisms that are well suited for their environment thrive and pass on traits to their offspring
    View slide
  • Evolution and Taxonomy
    • Today we classify organisms according to how closely related they are
    • ______________ is a branch of science that deals with classifying organisms
    View slide
  • Carolus Linneaus
    • Swedish botanist, 18 th century
    • Saw the importance in having a universal system of naming organisms
    • ____ taxonomic categories
    • Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species
    • (Think of a pneumonic to remember the above)
  • Scientific Names
    • Linnaeus developed a system of classification and a naming system
    • In his system organisms were named according to their genus and species
    • The use of common names at the time was very confusing and varied from region to region
    • Ex. Mountain lion, cougar, puma all represent the same animal : ___________________ is the scientific name
    • _____________________________ is still used today
    • Using your textbook – pages 343 give the scientific name for the following organisms
    • 1. Skunk _________________
    • 2. Leopard __________________
    • 3. Wolf ________________
  • 6 Kingdoms
    • 1. Eubacteria
    • 2. Archaebacteria
    • 3. Protista
    • 4. Fungi
    • 5. Plantae
    • 6. Animalia
  • Eubacteria
    • Unicellular or multicellular
    • Eukaryote or Prokaryote
    • Describe Cell structures
    • Mode of Nutrition
    • Examples
  • Archaebacteria
    • Unicellular or multicellular
    • Eukaryote or Prokaryote
    • Describe Cell structures
    • Mode of Nutrition
    • Examples
  • Protista
    • Unicellular or multicellular
    • Eukaryote or Prokaryote
    • Describe Cell structures
    • Mode of Nutrition
    • Examples
  • Fungi
    • Unicellular or multicellular
    • Eukaryote or Prokaryote
    • Describe Cell structures
    • Mode of Nutrition
    • Examples
  • Plantae
    • Unicellular or multicellular
    • Eukaryote or Prokaryote
    • Describe Cell structures
    • Mode of Nutrition
    • Examples
  • Animalia
    • Unicellular or multicellular
    • Eukaryote or Prokaryote
    • Describe Cell structures
    • Mode of Nutrition
    • Examples